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Structures monétaires et financières : l'impact des guerres et des troubles politiques

Monetary and Financial Structures: The Impact of Political Unrests and Wars

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Publié le vendredi 07 mars 2008 par Raphaëlle Daudé

Résumé

Les troubles politiques et particulièrement les guerres civiles ou internationales ont eu historiquement un impact majeur sur les structures monétaires et financières. Beaucoup d'innovations financières peuvent être attribuées à la nécessité de les financer et, sans exception, les guerres ont pesé sur les transformations des systèmes monétaires. La simple crainte d'un soulèvement politique ou d'une guerre peut entraîner une "fuite vers la qualité", c'est-à-dire la tentative d'échanger des actifs financiers contre des actifs monétaires, ou, parmi ceux-ci, d'échanger les moins sûrs contre les plus liquides, entraînant l'effondrement et/ou la transformation des structures monétaires et financières. Le résultat des conflits détermine de son côté l'équilibre des pouvoirs, qui joue un rôle clé dans les relations financières internationales et qui affecte ainsi les structures monétaires et financières domestiques.

Annonce

Structures monétaires et financières : l'impact des guerres et des troubles politiques

Monetary and Financial Structures: The Impact of Political Unrests and Wars

Deux sessions seront organisées autour de ces questions, l'une sur les systèmes financiers, l'autre sur les monnaies fiduciaires. Les communications seront présentées en anglais.

Political unrest and especially civil and foreign wars have historically had a major impact on financial and monetary structures. Many financial innovations can be attributed to the need to fund wars. And, without exception, wars have influenced changes in the monetary systems. The mere threat of violent political unrest or war leads to a “flight for quality”, i.e. the attempt to exchange financial assets for currency, or to redeem currency for specie or a more trustworthy currency, leading to the collapse and/or transformation of the financial and monetary structures. The outcome of conflicts determines the balance of power, which is of vital importance for international financial relations and thus also affects domestic financial and monetary structures.

Session 1
Wars, Militarization and Financial Systems

Patrice Baubeau

The usual distinction between financial systems is rather clear: they tend to bend either on the bank or on the market side. But when going further into detail, the distinction between these two systems gets blurred.
There are many attempts to explain the main driving force(s) behind the financial systems that exist in different countries. But, one aspect has been overlooked, namely hazard. Could major hazards, like wars, affect the very structure of a financial system? Indeed, a first glance seems to show the link between bank-based financial systems and military events: wars or heavy militarization.

a) How do financial systems evolve in case of a war?
b) Do they usually go from market to bank or the reverse? Why?
c) Do different militarization historical cases lead to different results?
d) How do usual technical explanations stand in front of war effects?
e) How do structural reforms in financial systems affect institutions?
f) Are these structural reforms aimed at financial markets or at monetary tools?

Session 2
Paper Money and the Impact of Political Crises and Wars

Anders Ögren

The monetary system during a period of unrest is usually reformed or transformed. The monetary regime may change by the backing of money being transferred to less liquid or lower quality assets. It may also lead to the emergence of a fiat monetary system of different varieties.
It is clear that whoever wants to understand the emergence of fiat money and fiat monetary systems has a lot of insights to gain from studying the impact of political unrest and wars on monetary systems through history. More specific questions to be studied in this session are for instance:

g) How does the monetary situation change?
h) How do the institutions and organizations governing monetary issues change?
i) What makes the monetary situation change?
j) What are the empirical experiences and results of these changes?
k) Are the empirical experiences comparable between countries and over time?
l) How do the empirical observations correspond to both contemporary and current monetary theories?
m) Does the empirical experience affect the theoretical view on paper money and paper monetary systems?

Deadlines and Organization

The conference is two days long, one session a day. It will consist in a brief presentation (10’) by the author, followed by an in-depth discussion (20’), after the discussant introduction (10’).
Discussants will be chosen among the authors selected to the conference. Session general discussions will also be held.

Proposals should include a brief résumé of the author, the paper title and a summary. They should be sent to the organizers before April 15th 2008.
Authors will be notified of acceptation April 30th 2008. The complete working paper should be sent before June 1st 2008.

Transportation and accommodation costs will be refunded for all accepted submissions.

Scientific Committee

Youssef Cassis (Université de Genève), Marc Flandreau (OFCE, IEP de Paris), Håkan Lindgren (EHFF/Stockholm School of Economics), Richard Sylla (Stern School of Business New York University), Bruno Théret (IRISES, Université Paris Dauphine)

Organization Committee

Patrice Baubeau: IDHE – Université Paris 10 Nanterre, e-mail: patrice.baubeau@u-paris10.fr
Ludovic Desmedt: CEMF – Université de Dijon, e-mail: ludovic.desmedt@u-bourgogne.fr
Anders Ögren: EHFF – Stockholm School of Economics and EconomiX – Université Paris 10, e-mail: anders.ogren@hhs.se

Catégories

Lieux

  • Université Paris 10 - Bâtiment K - Max Weber. RER A - SNCF - Nanterre Université
    Nanterre, France

Dates

  • mardi 15 avril 2008

Fichiers attachés

Mots-clés

  • économie, histoire, monnaie, finance, guerre

Contacts

  • Patrice Baubeau
    courriel : patrice [dot] baubeau [at] wanadoo [dot] fr
  • Anders Ögren
    courriel : Anders [dot] Ogren [at] hhs [dot] se
  • Ludovic Desmedt
    courriel : ludovic [dot] desmedt [at] u-bourgogne [dot] fr

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Patrice Baubeau
    courriel : patrice [dot] baubeau [at] wanadoo [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« Structures monétaires et financières : l'impact des guerres et des troubles politiques », Appel à contribution, Calenda, Publié le vendredi 07 mars 2008, http://calenda.org/194544