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Société et politique dans le Sud-Est européen au XIXe siècle

Society and Politics in South-Eastern Europe during the 19th century

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Publié le jeudi 01 octobre 2009 par Marie Pellen

Résumé

There has always been a negative image attached to South-Eastern European politics and polities and rarely has it been widely acknowledged (Mazower) that the process of state formation in the region was not just a pale and gruesome caricature of Western European models but rather a complicated affair involving juggling with various institutional models (local as well as imported ones), coping with societies of a sometimes inextricable ethnoreligious diversity and varying degrees of political allegiance to central power, dealing with foreign interference and tampering. 19th century visitors of the region contributed a lot to this negative image which still clings to the region (Todorova) and culturalists still like to refer back to the 19th c. as the genealogical matrix of all the region’s evils.

Annonce

Corfu, October 2-3, 2009

Conveners:

  • Prof. Dr. Konstantinos Kostis (University of Athens)
  • Dr. Nathalie Clayer (CNRS-EHESS, Paris)
  • Dr. Tassos Anastassiadis (French school in Athens)

Organization:     The Historical Archive of Alpha Bank

There has always been a negative image attached to South-Eastern European politics and polities and rarely has it been widely acknowledged (Mazower) that the process of state formation in the region was not just a pale and gruesome caricature of Western European models but rather a complicated affair involving juggling with various institutional models (local as well as imported ones), coping with societies of a sometimes inextricable ethnoreligious diversity and varying degrees of political allegiance to central power, dealing with foreign interference and tampering. 19th century visitors of the region contributed a lot to this negative image which still clings to the region (Todorova) and culturalists still like to refer back to the 19th c. as the genealogical matrix of all the region’s evils. Recent works, following the discussion about Orientalism and the postmodernist shift towards identities and perceptions as well as the 1980s resurge of works about nationalism, have established a trend in Balkan studies focusing on questions of historiography, travelogues and ethnic and national identities.
But once the question of perceptions has been dealt with, there are also new things that can be asserted, and novel hypotheses that can be formulated about the real functioning and transformation of Balkan societies and their politics during that crucial era when many regions engaged in the path of modern statehood either through the creation of a new political entity (Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria, Rumania) or through the transformation of a pre-existing one (Ottoman Empire).
For other parts of the world, ever since the 1980s new approaches in historical sociology (Badie, Bayart, Evans & Skocpol, Skocpol), political science (Migdal), have challenged the paradigms inherited from the decades of development and dependence theory such as clientelism, incomplete liberalization, absence of civil society and backwardness. Even in Western Europe the “ideal” trajectory of modern state formation has been challenged by the growing influence of Foucault’s courses on biopolitics and Elias’ works on the civilization process. Social history (Noiriel, Torpey), economic history (Hilton), political history (Rosanvallon), political sociology (Garrigou) or colonial specialists (Bayly, Van der Veer) and specialists of the early modern era state have put more emphasis on factors that until then had been ignored or taken for granted for the comprehension of the Western European 19th c.: religion, the formation of modern administration, debates about the institutionalization of politics, the apprenticeship of citizenship, the process of disciplinarization, global interconnections.

    For this conference we would like to bring together a number of academics, who have worked recently on various aspects of the relation between society and politics in 19th c. South Eastern Europe whether it is on a infra-national, national, cross-national or imperial level, but in any case covering all (or almost all) the political entities of the region. Papers can be proposed on any of the following subjects:
-    local elites’ incorporation and the institutionalization of politics;
-    the administration’s formation and reform;
-    the integration of religious actors;
-    the monopolization of violence;
-    the new roles of education;
-    the policies of welfare and control of the populations.

Bibliography:

BADIE, Bertrand (1992/2000 in English). L’Etat importé: L’occidentalisation de l’ordre politique. Paris: Fayard.
BADIE, Bertrand (1986). Les deux Etats: pouvoir et société en Occident et en terre d’Islam. Paris: Fayard
BAYART, Jean-François (dir.) (1996 ). La greffe de l’Etat  Paris: Karthala.
BAYLY, C.A. (2003). The Birth of the Modern World 1780-1914. Oxford: Blackwell press.
ELIAS, Norbert (1997/2000 in English). Über den Prozess der Zivilisation. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
EVANS, Peter, RUESCHEMEYER, Dietrich & SKOCPOL, Theda (eds.) (1985). Bringing the State back in. Cambridge: Cambridge University press.
GARRIGOU, Alain (1992). Le vote et la vertu: comment les français sont devenus électeurs. Paris: Presses de la FNSP.
HILTON, Boyd (1986). The Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangelicalism on Social and Economic Thought 1785-1865. Oxford: Clarendon press.
HILTON, Boyd (2006). A Mad, Bad and Dangerous People? England, 1783-1846. Oxford: Oxford University press.
MAZOWER, Mark (2000). The Balkans. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
MIGDAL, Joel (1988). Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University press.
NOIRIEL, Gérard (éd.) (2007). L’identification: Genèse d’un travail d’Etat. Paris: Belin.
ROSANVALLON, Pierre (1992). Le sacre du citoyen: histoire du suffrage universel en France. Paris: Gallimard.
SKOCPOL, Theda (1992) Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University press.
TODOROVA, Maria (1997). Imagining the Balkans. Oxford: Oxford University press.
TORPEY, John (2000). The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the Modern State. London: Cambridge University press.
VAN DER VEER, Peter (2001). Imperial Encounters: Religion and Modernity in India and Britain. Princeton: Princeton University press.

Programme

Thursday 1 October 2009

20:30 Welcoming Dinner

Friday 2 October 2009

9:30 Welcome speech by H. P. Verykios, Alpha Bank

10:00-11:15

Chairman: Kostas Kostis (University of Athens)

  • Nikos Karapidakis (Ionian University, Corfu), Département de Corfou: 1797, les oppositions
  • Noémie Levy, (EHESS / IFEA), Contrôler la capitale: la police et les acteurs non étatiques de l'ordre à Istanbul (fin XIXe siècle)
  • Discussant: Caroline Douki (Université Paris 8)

Coffee break

11:45-13:00

Chairman: Alexandre Popovic (CNRS / EHESS)

  • Edda Binder-Iijima (University of Heidelberg), Constructing Loyalties: the Romanian elite and the acceptance of monarchical rule
  • Dobrinka Parusheva (Institute of Balkan Studies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences), The Web of Power: governmental elites in Romania and Bulgaria in the late 19th century and their networks
  • Discussant: Vincent Duclert (EHESS)

Lunch

16:30-17:45

Chairman: Nathalie Clayer (CNRS / EHESS)

  • Dubravka Stojanovic (University of Belgrade), Modern Instructions and Premodern Political Culture in Serbia 1890 - 1914
  • Benjamin Fortna (SOAS, University of London), Reading Empire, Reading Republic
  • Discussant: Fikret Adanir (Sabanci University)

Coffee break

18:15-19:30

Chairman: Nikos Karapidakis (Ionian University, Corfu)

  • Sia Anagnostopoulou (Panteion University), Constantinople, une ville de plusieurs “Ecoumènes” (XIXe siècle)
  • Marc Aymes (CNRS), Step-Ottomans: Dubious Names and Nationalities in a Heptanesian World
  • Discussant: Tassos Anastassiadis (Ecole française d’Athènes)

20:30 Dinner

Saturday 3 October 2009

9:30-10:45

Chairman: Vincent Duclert (EHESS)

  • Hannes Grandits (LMU, Munich / University of Graz), The Difficult Mission of Reform: the example of Ottoman Herzegovina in the 1860s and 1870s
  • Andreas Lyberatos (Institute of Mediterranean Studies - FORTH), Nation-State Formation and National Officialdom in the Balkans: Bulgaria 1878-1912
  • Discussant: Nathalie Clayer (CNRS / EHESS)

10:45-11:30

Chairman : Fikret Adanir (Sabanci University)

  • Olivier Bouquet (Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis), Être diplomate dans les nouveaux Etats d'Europe du Sud-Est: action politique et réseaux d'influence de Constantin Musurus, premier représentant permanent de la Sublime Porte à Athènes (1840-1848)
  • Radu Paun (CNRS), Les épreuves de la triple majesté. Discours et pratiques du pouvoir du premier XIXe siècle Roumain
  • Discussant: Nikos Karapidakis (Ionian University, Corfu)

Coffee break

12:00-13:15

Chairman : Caroline Douki (Université Paris 8)

  • Roumiana Preshlenova (Institute for Balkan Studies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences), Economic Culture and Economic Policy in the South-Eastern Europe during the 19th century
  • Florin Turcanu (University of Bucharest), Monarchie et action culturelle en Roumanie a l' époque de Charles Ier de Hohenzollern
  • Discussant : Kostas Kostis (University of Athens)

13:15-13:45
Concluding remarks : Nathalie Clayer (CNRS / EHESS) and
Tassos Anastassiadis (Ecole française d’Athènes)
Lunch

20:00 Dinner

Lieux

  • Banknote Museum
    Corfou, Grèce

Dates

  • vendredi 02 octobre 2009
  • samedi 03 octobre 2009

Mots-clés

  • État, politique, société, élites, violence, administration, nation, empire

Contacts

  • Tassos Anastassiadis
    courriel : Tassosa [at] free [dot] fr

Source de l'information

  • Tassos Anastassiadis
    courriel : Tassosa [at] free [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« Société et politique dans le Sud-Est européen au XIXe siècle », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le jeudi 01 octobre 2009, http://calenda.org/199055