AccueilLes chasseurs-cueilleurs du bassin du Congo

Les chasseurs-cueilleurs du bassin du Congo

International Conference on Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers

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Publié le mercredi 21 juillet 2010 par Marie Pellen

Résumé

Dans l'esprit du CHAGS (International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies) malheureusement interrompu à l'issue de sa 9ème édition (Edimbourg 2002), cette conférence internationale réunira les plus grands spécialistes et étudiants travaillant sur les chasseurs-cueilleurs du bassin du Congo . Cette rencontre interdisciplinaire sera l'occasion de faire un état des lieux de l'avancée des recherches sur les chasseurs-cueilleurs de cette partie de l'Afrique, avec un accent particulier accordé au devenir de ces sociétés dans un monde en plein changement.

Annonce

The international conference is being held to share and evaluate recent research on Congo Basin hunter-gatherers. It has been almost ten years since international researchers have convened to discuss research and development issues facing Congo Basin hunter-gatherers. We are especially interested in field-based research reports from any discipline, but encourage participants to consider their data and conclusions within the scope of development, global change and the fate of Congo Basin peoples. Extensive cultural diversity exists and not all Congo Basis hunter-gatherers actively hunt and gather (e.g., they may have cash crops or live near cities). We are interested in understanding cultural diversity and processes of culture change, but the focus is on peoples and groups with a long history in and strong identity with the tropical forest. Papers on Congo Basin farmers and fishermen are encouraged if they focus on history of or relationships between hunter-gatherers and farmers/fishermen. Papers that compare Congo Basin hunter-gatherer and farmers/fisherman or Congo Basin hunter-gatherers with hunter-gatherers in other parts of the world are also welcome.

Organizing committee

Email contact: conference@congobasin-hg.org

Please contact any of us if you have questions

Scientific committee

  • Serge Bahuchet, Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle (France)
  • Edmond Dounias, Institut de Recherche Pour le Développement (France)
  • Alain Froment, Institut de Recherche Pour le Développement (France)
  • Barry Hewlett, Washington State University (USA)
  • Mitsuo Ichikawa, Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University (Japan)
  • Jerome Lewis, University College London (UK)
  • Karen Lupo, Washington State University (USA)
  • Kiyoshi Takeuchi, University of Toyama (Japan)

Funding agencies

  • US National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
  • Center for Fonctional and Evolutionary Ecology (CEFE)
  • Washington State University:
              - Department of Anthopology
              - College of Liberal Arts
  • University of Toyama, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Cultural Anthropology
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD):
              - Research Unit 199 "Socio-environmental dynamics and resource governance"
  • Kyoto University, Center for African Area Studies

 

Language

English will be the official language of the conference.

Registration

Online registration is now open (http://dr13.azur-colloque.cnrs.fr/). Payment can be made with a credit card or bank transfer. The early registration fee is €100 or €50 for students/unemployed and includes welcome drinks, coffee/tea and snacks between sessions, and lunches. Participants must register by August 1, 2010 to be included in the program. Refunds will not be possible after September 1, 2010. Late registration will be still possible to non-speakers after August 1, 2010. Fee will become €120 or €60 for students/unemployed.

22 September (Wednesday)

12:00-13:00
Registration

13:00-13:10
Welcome and Overview of Conference

13:10-13:40
Introduction
Congo Basin Rainforest Populations: What Do We Know, Where Are We and Emerging Questions (tentative)
Bahuchet, Serge (Laboratoire d’Eco-anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle)

Prehistory and Genetics of the Congo Basin

Chair: Karen Lupo (Washington State University)

13:40-14:00
How Did Hunter-Gatherers Settle the World Between 60,000 and 10,000 Years Ago?
Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi L.

14:00-14:20
The Origins of Hunter-Gathering in the Congo Basin: An Archaeological Perspective
Taylor, Nicholas (School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology (SACE), University of Liverpool)

14:20-14:40
Anthropological Genetics of Central African Populations: Origins and Genetic Diversity of the “Pygmies”
Verdu, Paul (Department of Human Genetics, Noah A. Rosenberg Lab, University of Michigan)

14:40-15:00
Break & Poster Viewing

15:00-15:20
Where Have All the Hunters Gone? Archaeological and Genetic Perspectives on the Twa of Zambia
Barham, Lawrence (School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool)

15:20-15:40
À Quelle Etape sur Le « Chemin du Progrès » Les Bakola et Les Bagyeli du Sud-Cameroun - Se situent-Ils ?
Medjo, Protais Pamphile (Université Yaoundé I)

15:40-16:00
Prehistory and the Present: Paleoenvironments in the Northern Congo Basin
Kiahtipes, Christopher (Washington State University)

16:00-16:15
Break & Poster Viewing

16:15-16:35
The Riddle of Pygmy Stature: An Interdisciplinary Issue
  • Becker, Noémie (Ecoanthropologie et Ethnobiologie UMR 7206, CNRS-MNHN-Université Paris 7)
  • Verdu, Paul (Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan)
  • Froment, Alain (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Musée de l’Homme)
  • Touraille, Priscille (Ecoanthropologie et Ethnobiologie UMR 7206, CNRS-MNHN-Université Paris 7)
  • Le Bouc, Yves (INSERM U893, Hôpital Saint-Antoine)
  • Heyer, Evelyne (Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie)
16:35-16:55
Nutritional Adaptation of Pygmy Hunter-Gatherers in Cameroon from the Viewpoint of Body Size, Physical Activity, and Dietary Intake
  • Yamauchi, Taro (Hokkaido University)
  • Hayashi, Koji (Kyoto University)
  • Kawamura, Kyohei (Yamanashi University)
  • Sato, Hiroaki (Hamamatsu University School of Medicine)
16:55-17:10
Break & Poster Viewing

Identity and Representations of Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers-I

Chair: Jerome Lewis (University College London)

17:10-17:30
Forests of Belonging: Identity, Ethnicity, and Stereotypes in the Congo River Basin
Rupp, Stephanie (Department of Anthropology, City University of New York, Lehman College)

17:30-17:50
Socioeconomic changes and evolution of representations related to the practice of agriculture by the Bakoya Pygmies in Gabon
Soengas, Beatriz (Laboratoire d'Eco-Anthropologie et ethnobiologie UMR CNRS 7206,Département Hommes, Natures, Sociétés, Muséum national d’histoire naturelle)

17:50-18:10
The Nganga, diviner-healer Pygmy: between respect and discrimination
Epelboin, Alain (Département hommes, natures, sociétés, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle)

18:10-18:40
Open Discussion; "Who is a PYGMY"
Facilitators: Barry Hewlett, Edmond Dounias & Kiyoshi Takeuchi

18:40-20:30
Welcome reception

23 September (Thursday)

9:00-9:05
Information

The Wild Yam Hypothesis to Historical Ecology

Chair: Edmond Dounias (Institut de Recherche Pour le Développement)

9:05-9:25
Historical Ecology and Contemporary Problems in the Congo Basin Forests
Ichikawa, Mitsuo (Kyoto University)

9:25-9:45
Baka Hunter-Gatherer Perceptions of and Impacts on Mixed Evergreen and Semi-Deciduous Forests in East Cameroon
  • Fongnzossie, Evariste (Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1)
  • Oishi, Takanori (Kokoro Research Centre, Kyoto University)
  • Nguenang, Guy Merlin (Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1)
  • Nkongmeneck, Bernard Aloys (Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1)
9:45-10:05
Tuber Foraging Across Tropical Environments
Caudell, Mark (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)

10:05-10:25
Observations on Two Controlled Foraging Trips of the Baka Hunter-Gatherers
  • Sato, Hiroaki (Hamamatsu University School of Medicine)
  • Kawamura, Kyohei (Yamanashi University)
  • Hayashi, Koji (Kyoto University)
  • Inai, Hiroyuki (Kyoto University)
  • Yamauchi, Taro (Hokkaido University)
10:25-10:45
Daily Activities among the Baka Hunter-gatherers of Cameroon: From Individual Observations at the Forest Camp and the Settlement
  • Hayashi, Koji (Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
  • Yamauchi, Taro (Hokkaido University)
  • Sato, Hiroaki (Hamamatsu University School of Medicine)
10:45-11:00
Break & Poster Viewing with Authors

Forager-Farmer Relations

Chair: Kiyoshi Takeuchi, University of Toyama

11:00-11:20
Modeling Interrelations of First Foragers and Farmers in the Congo Basin
Lupo, Karen (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)

11:20-11:40
La Paléométallurgie en Forêt Centrafricaine, les Techniques et les Interactions Grand-Noirs/Pygmées
Ndanga, Alfred Jean-Paul (Université de Bangui)

11:40-12:00
Circulation of Music, Circulation of People: Musical Practices and Relationships between Babongo Pygmies and Theirs Neighbours (Gabon)
De Ruyter, Magali (Centre de Recherche en Ethnomusicologie (LESC-CREM))

12:00-12:15
Break & Poster Viewing with Authors

12:15-12:35
Transition of Social Relationship between Aka Foragers and Neighboring Farmers
in Northeastern Region of the Republic of Congo for the Past 20 years
Takeuchi, Kiyoshi (University of Toyama)

12:35-12:55
Reconsidering Pygmy-Farmer Interethnic Relationships -An “Equal” Relationship between the Babongo Pygmies and the Massango Farmers in Southern Gabon
Matsuura, Naoki (Japan Society for Promotion of Science / Kyoto University)

12:55-13:15
Servitude et Corvéage des Pygmées Baka au Sud-Est Cameroun : Un Cas d’Esclavage Ignoré
Sinang, Joseph Jules (Université de Yaoundé I)

13:15-14:15
Lunch Break

Epidemiology and Health

Chair: Alain Froment, Institut de Recherche Pour le Développement

14:15-14:35
HTLV-2B Strains, Similar to Those Found in Several Amerindian Tribes, are Endemic in Central African Bakola Pygmies
  • Gessain, Antoine (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Mauclère, Philippe (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Afonso, Philippe Vicente (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
  • Meertens, Laurent (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
  • Plancoulaine, Sabine (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun ; Laboratoire de Génétique Humaine des Maladies Infectieuses, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale)
  • Calattini, Sara (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
  • Froment, Alain (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Musée de l’Homme)
  • Van Beveren, Monique (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
  • de Thé, Guy (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
  • Quintana-Murci, Luis (Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS URA 3012, Institut Pasteur)
  • Mahieux, Renaud (Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, CNRS URA 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
14:35-14:55
Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of Hepatitis B and C Virus among the Three Pygmy Groups in Cameroon
  • Njouom, Richard (Service de Virologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Foupouapouognigni,Yacouba (Service de Virologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Sadeuh Mba, Serge Alain (Service de Virologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Betsem, Edouard (Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, URA CNRS 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur ; Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences Biomédicales, Université de Yaoundé I)
  • Rousset, Dominique (Service de Virologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun)
  • Froment, Alain (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Musée de l’Homme)
  • Gessain, Antoine (Unité d’Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, URA CNRS 3015, Département de Virologie, Institut Pasteur)
14:55-15:15
Recreational Drug Use as Potential Protection Against pathogens: Smokers among Central African Foragers have Fewer Worms than Non-Smokers
  • Hagen, Edward H. (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)
  • Roulette, Casey (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)
  • Hewlett, Barry S. (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)
  • Sullivan, Roger J. (Department of Anthropology, California State University Sacramento)
  • Laganier, Remi (Institut Pasteur de Bangui)
15:15-15:35
Cooperation and Child Growth among Aka Foragers
  • Meehan, Courtney L. (Washington State University)
  • Helfrecht, Courtney (Washington State University)
15:35-15:50
Break & Poster Viewing with Authors

Identity and Representations of Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers-II

Chair: Jerome Lewis (University College London)

15:50-16:10
Pongo Symbolism in the Pygmy Rock Art of Uganda
Namono, Catherine (Rock Art Research Institute, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand)

16:10-16:30
The Power of Antipathy: Ritual Hunting Among Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers
Finnegan, Morna (University of Edinburgh)

16:30-16:50
Mobility amongst Central African Hunter-Gatherers
Weig, Dörte (Institute of Cultural and Social Anthropology, Collaborative Research Centre 806, University of Cologne)

16:50-17:05
Break & Poster Viewing with Authors

Development and Conservation Issues-I

Chair: Mitsuo Ichikawa (Kyoto University)

17:05-17:25
Can Forest Certification Help Save Central African Hunter-Gatherers? Some Field Observations from South-East Cameroon
Defo, Louis (WWF Cameroon)

17:25-17:45
Mapping of Baka Pygmies Resources use Zones Inside and Around Boumba-Bek National Park
Njounan Tegomo, Olivier (Senior Field Research Assistant WWF SE /Boumba-Bek and Nki project)

17:45-18:05
NGO Involvement in Cameroon Southeastern Forests: Forest Conservation and Forest Population Advocacy
Robillard, Marine (Laboratoire d’Eco-anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle)

18:05-18:35
Open Discussion; "Bush Meat Trade"
Facilitators: Edmond Dounias & Mitsuo Ichikawa

24 September (Friday)

9:00-9:05
Information

Social Learning and Hunter-Gatherer Models

Chair: Barry Hewlett, Washington State University

9:05-9:25
Why do the BaYaka Sing So Much? Polyphony and Egalitarianism
Lewis, Jerome (Department of Anthropology, University College London)

9:25-9:45
The Prominence of Other Children in Culture Learning During Aka Forager Middle through Late Childhood
Boyette, Adam Howell (Washington State University)

9:45-10:05
Aka Foragers as a Baseline for a Hunting-Gathering Model of Adolescence
Hewlett, Bonnie (Department of Anthropology,Washington State University)

10:05-10:25
Time Allocation among Aka Mothers in Central Africa
  • Helfrecht, Courtney (Washington State University)
  • Meehan, Courtney L. (Washington State University)
  • Kannady, John (University of Idaho)
10:25-10:45
Everyday Conversation of the Baka Pygmies
Kimura, Daiji (Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University)

10:45-11:00
Break & Poster Viewing

Inter and Intra Cultural Diversity

Chair: Serge Bahuchet, Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle

11:00-11:20
Water Drums of the Baka of Cameroon and Gabon
Devin, Luis (University of Torino)

11:20-11:40
The Pygmies of Gabon and their neighbors: Musical Systematics, Categorization and phylogeny
Le Bomin, Sylvie (Département Hommes – Natures – Sociétés, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle)

11:40-12:00
A Dynamic Culture : Ritual and Musical Creation in Baka Culture
  • Fürniss, Susanne (Langues-Musiques-Sociétés (FRE 3324 du CNRS))
  • Joiris, Daou V. (Centre d'Anthropologie Culturelle, Université Libre de Bruxelles)
12:00-12:15
Break & Poster Viewing

12:15-12:35
Parenting Strategies and Individual Experiences of Child Loss among the Bofi Foragers and Farmers in the Central African Republic
  • Fouts, Hillary N. (University of Tennessee)
  • Hewlett, Barry S. (Washington State University)
  • Lamb, Michael E. (University of Cambridge)
12:35-12:55
Cultural Models and Gender Differences in Tobacco Use among Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers
Roulette, Casey Jordan (Department of Anthropology, Washington State University)

12:55-13:55
Lunch Break

Development and Conservation Issues-II

Chair: Mitsuo Ichikawa, Kyoto University

13:55-14:15
Hunting by the Baka Hunter-Gatherers During the Cacao Harvesting Seasons in Southern Cameroon
Sakanashi, Kenta (Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

14:15-14:35
Cash Crop Cultivation and Hunter-Gatherer Society, and Their Relationships with Farmers: A Case Study of the Baka Pygmies and the Bakwele of South East Cameroon
Oishi, Takanori (Kokoro Research Centre, Kyoto University)

14:35-14:55
Do Pygmies and Non-Pygmies in Gabon Differ in Their Knowledge and Practices in Shifting Cultivation?
  • Caron,Charlène (Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Men, Natures, Societies Department)
  • Betsch, Jean-Marie (Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Men, Natures, Societies Department)
14:55-15:15
Une Innovation Sociale Problématique: Le Campement Commercial des Pygmées Boffi
  • Fargeot, Christian (CIRAD ES UR 105 ,Campus de Baillarguet)
  • Roulet, Pierre-Armand (Consultant/Chercheur indépendant)
15:15-15:35
Les Autochtones « Tswa » des Savanes et Collines Batéké du Congo : Sédentarisation et Transformations des Modes de Vie
Gami, Norbert (The Forest Trust – Afrique, Programme Social, Brazzaville, Congo)

15:35-15:50
Break

Human and Indigenous Right Issues

Chair: Stephanie Rupp (City University of New York, Lehman College)

15:50-16:10
Migration of Hunter-Gathers and Bantu-Speaking Farmers along the Ikoy River Valley (Gabon): Implications for Conservation and Development in the Area
Hymas, Olivier (University College London (Department of Anthropology) and Zoological Society of London (Institute of Zoology))

16:10-16:30
When Pygmies Speak: Towards an Indigenous Model of Development in Equatorial Africa
Moïse, Robert (Independent Scholar)

16:30-16:50
La Mobilisation des Organisations Non Gouvernementales en Faveur des Pygmées Aka de la Lobaye : L’exemple de Cooperazion International (COOPI)
Simiti, Bernard (Université de Bangui)

16:50-17:10
Closing Remarks
Barry Hewlett, Edmond Dounias & Kiyoshi Takeuchi

Poster Session

New Research Projects
Observing Insects: Traditional Entomological Knowledge and Adaptive Responses of Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers to Climate Change
Dounias, Edmond (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)

The Children of Hunter-Gatherers, the Way of Learning and the Evolution of Homo sapiens
Terashima, Hideaki (Kobe Gakuin University)

Archéologie des Kola de la Région de Bipindi Lolodorf: Etude de la Dynamique de la Culture Matérielle d’Un Groupe Pygmée du Sud Cameroun
Ngouoh, François (Valorisation de la biodiversité, la culture et l'écotourisme)

Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherer Development Projects
Intercultural Dialogue through Artist Residence Programmes among the Batwa in the Congo Basin Rainforest
  • Billy, Marius (Afrique Profonde, the School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent at Canterbury)
  • Chiutsu, Rumbidzai (Afrique Profonde, the School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent at Canterbury)
Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherer Resources
The Aka Pygmy Encyclopedia. A review of Fourty Years of Interdisciplinary Research
  • Thomas, Jacqueline M.C. (Laboratoire de Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale)
  • Bahuchet, Serge (Éco-anthropologie et Ethnobiologie (UMR 7206 du MNHN-CNRS-Paris 7))
  • Epelboin, Alain (Éco-anthropologie et Ethnobiologie (UMR 7206 du MNHN-CNRS-Paris 7))
  • Fürniss, Susanne (Langues-Musiques-Sociétés (FRE 3324 du CNRS))
Overviews of Long-Term Field Stations
Activities of “Cameroon Field Station” of Kyoto University
Kimura, Daiji (Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)

Summaries of Early Research
The baTwa and the baOto of the Ntomba Ethnicity at the End of the XXth Century (1970-1990) : From Balance to Breaking Down
Pagezy, Hélène (UMR 7206 CNRS/MNHN : Ecoanthropologie et ethnobiologie
Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle)

Small Streams and Related Resources: Statements and Uses by the Aka and Monzombo of Lobaye (Central African Republic)
Motte-Florac, Élisabeth (Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Montpellier 1, Montpellier)

Social Evolution and Structural Continuity. The Case of Baka Pygmies with Agriculture
Leclerc, Christian (Cirad, UMR DAP)

Research Papers on Congo Basin Farmers
Rainforest Plants Used by the Nkundo, DRCongo
  • Fruth, Barbara (Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology)
  • Muganza, Musuyu (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kinshasa)
Hunting and Fishing among the Azande of Northeast Congo
Prinz, Armin (Unit Ethnomedicine and International Health, Centre for Public Health,, Medical University of Vienna)

Catégories

Lieux

  • 1919 route de Mende (Grand Amphithéâtre de la Délégation Régionale du CNRS, Campus CNRS)
    Montpellier, France

Dates

  • mercredi 22 septembre 2010
  • vendredi 24 septembre 2010
  • jeudi 23 septembre 2010

Mots-clés

  • Afrique centrale, Forêt tropicale humide, Bassin du Congo, Pygmées, état des connaissances, pluridisciplinarité

Contacts

  • Edmond Dounias
    courriel : edmond [dot] dounias [at] ird [dot] fr

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Edmond Dounias
    courriel : edmond [dot] dounias [at] ird [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« Les chasseurs-cueilleurs du bassin du Congo », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le mercredi 21 juillet 2010, http://calenda.org/201624