AccueilHistorical Development of National Systems of Elite Formation in Eastern and Central Europe

Historical Development of National Systems of Elite Formation in Eastern and Central Europe

Historical Development of National Systems of Elite Formation in Eastern and Central Europe

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Publié le vendredi 04 mars 2011 par Loïc Le Pape

Résumé

This workshop is bringing together specialists from mostly Eastern Europe together with some West European partners, capable and liable of sharing their localised research expertise in the study of the birth and initial development of national systems of elite training in a number of (mostly but not exclusively) small East Central European societies. All of them have very concrete empirical research agendas and records in these fields, but separately, applied to their own national societies. The idea of the meeting is born from the need of and the interest in comparing – in many thematic issues term by term – research findings, insights and questions gained from studies of the training, career and activities of various East European elite groups during the decades up to the Soviet take-over.

Annonce

Historical Development of National Systems of Elite Formation in Eastern and Central Europe

Organisation and contact :

  • Prof. Victor Karady (Central European University, Budapest) karadyv@ceu.hu
  • Dr. Natalia Tikhonov Sigrist (Geneva) natalia.tikhonov@unige.ch

This workshop is bringing together specialists from mostly Eastern Europe together with some West European partners, capable and liable of sharing their localised research expertise in the study of the birth and initial development of national systems of elite training in a number of (mostly but not exclusively) small East Central European societies. All of them have very concrete empirical research agendas and records in these fields, but separately, applied to their own national societies. The idea of the meeting is born from the need of and the interest in comparing – in many thematic issues term by term – research findings, insights and questions gained from studies of the training, career and activities of various East European elite groups during the decades up to the Soviet take-over.

We hope to achieve in the discussions of our meeting a critical confrontation of the respective research results in a number of problem areas which are relevant in every society under scrutiny. Among them one can identify the following (non exhaustively) :

  • Data on the development of educational markets : multiplication and growth of schooling facilities and institutions (in primary, secondary and higher education) and their administrative structure (public, private, Church and state agencies, etc.)
  • Basic information on successive educational policies (language of tuition, costs, rules of admission and segregation, numerus clausus, schooling budgets, grants, etc.);
  • Regional and country-wide indicators of levels of learning achieved at various dates and socio-political junctures in societies under study (rates of literacy, proportions of secondary school graduates, those with university level degrees, etc.);
  • Share of the intellectual professions in the work force at various dates and historical junctures;
  • Role of studies abroad in elite training in various periods of time;
  • Recruitment and composition of the student bodies and educated strata concerned by ethnicity (mother tongue, national origin), confessions (Catholics, Protestants, Jews and Orthodox), social origins (nobles, commoners, etc.) and residential (urban, rural) and regional background;
  • Processes of professionalisation (the role of professional organisations, State interventions and policies, political implications)
  • Relationships between recruitment and career patterns in the intellectual professions (State and private economic sectors, free professionals and employed intellectuals, restrictions related to religious minorities and national outsiders – especially Jews);
  • Professional structure of higher education and its clienteles by levels (students and graduates, drop-outs), specialisations (faculties, study tracks, degrees), types of institution (universities and vocational agencies);
  • Connection and correlations between levels of certified learning and other indices and objectivations of intellectual modernization: the press, publishing, museums, libraries, cinemas, theatres, artistic activities and performances.

Workshop Program

Friday, April 1st 2011

9.30 Welcome greetings and introduction by the conveners, Prof.Victor Karady and Dr. Natalia Tikhonov Sigrist

session 1 Country reports : Hungary

10.00 Peter Tibor Nagy (John Wesley College and Institute for Education Research, Budapest) : Nationalisation and modernization. A socio-historical overview of the educational system in the Hungarian Kingdom 1750-1918

11.00-11.15 : Tea / Coffee

11.15 Melinda Kovacs (University of Szeged, Hungary) : Development of the Educational Market in Budapest 1870-1941. Results from Hungarian Statistical Sources

12.00 Szabolcs Fekete (University of Pecs, Hungary) : Ruralism vs. Elitism. Career pathways of students of humanities, medicine and law into the national scientific elite. (Case of the Elizabeth University)

13.00-14.00 : Lunch

14.00 Zsuzsanna Hanna Biró (ELTE University & Central European University, Budapest) : Career chances of women in the Hungarian secondary school system (1900-1945)

Session 2 Country reports : Baltic countries

14.00 Toomas Hiio (Estonian War Museum) : Student body of the University of Tartu in 1880–1918. Class orders of the Russian Empire and emerging nationalism of the minorities

14.45 Martin Jaigma (Peace Institute - Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies. Ljubljana) : Access to the higher education in Estonia during the interwar period: students of ethnic minorities and ethnic majority in Tartu University

15.30 Lea Leppik (University of Tartu, Estonia) : Professional chambers in Estonia as a part of educational system (1934-40)

16.15-16.45 : Tea / Coffee

16.45 Daina Bleiere (Stradins University, Riga) : Sovietisation of education in Latvia (1940-1960)

17.30 Valters Ščerbinskis (Stradins University, Riga) : Education policy, schools and ethnic groups in the interwar Latvia

Saturday, March 24th

Session 3 Country Reports : Transylvania & Carpathian Basin

9.30 Victor Karady (Central European University, Budapest), The emergence of modern educated elites in a multi-ethnic, would-be nation state : student recruitment in the Carpathian Basin (1850-1949).

10.15 Attila Gido (Institute for Minority Studies, Cluj), School market and the educational institutions in Transylvania, Partium and Banat between 1919 and 1949

11.00-11.15 : Tea / Coffee

Session 4 Country Reports : Slovenia and Bulgaria

11.15 Branko Šuštar (Slovenian School Museum. Ljubljana), Education as a way of climbing the social ladder. Survey of education in Slovenia at the turn of the 20th century.

12.00 Alexandre Kostov (Institute for Balkan Studies, Sofia), Training of Bulgarian technical and economic elites, end of the 19th c. – 1939.

13.00-14.00 : Lunch

Session 5 Country Reports : Russian Empire

14.00 Oxana Vahromeeva (St. Petersburg State University), Women’s commercial school in Russia prior to 1914 : legislation, typology, curricula, students and graduates. Case study of St. Petersburg

14.45 Marina Loskutova (Institute for the History of Science and Technology, St. Petersburg), Russian state officials in the late 19th – early 20th century: the personnel of the Ministry of Agriculture and State Domains, their ethnic background, education and mobility.

15.30-16.45 : Tea / Coffee

16.45 : General discussion, final comments and conclusion

Registration and Contact

Participants are asked to register for the Workshop by contacting one of the organisers : natalia.tikhonov@unige.ch

For more information about the workshop (paper abstracts and full texts), see the conference web-site : http://www.unige.ch/ieug/recherche/colloques.html

Location : Institut européen de l’Université de Genève - 2, rue Jean-Daniel Colladon - 1204 Genève

Workshop Sponsors

  • Swiss National Science Foundation (Bern)
  • Commission administrative (University of Geneva)

 

Lieux

  • 2 rue Jean-Daniel Colladon (Institut européen de l'Université de Genève)
    Genève, Confédération Suisse

Dates

  • vendredi 01 avril 2011
  • samedi 02 avril 2011

Fichiers attachés

Mots-clés

  • élites, enseignement supérieur, système éducatif, formation, université, Europe centrale et orientale,

Contacts

  • Natalia Tikhonov Sigrist
    courriel : nat [dot] sigrist [at] gmail [dot] com

Source de l'information

  • Natalia Tikhonov Sigrist
    courriel : nat [dot] sigrist [at] gmail [dot] com

Pour citer cette annonce

« Historical Development of National Systems of Elite Formation in Eastern and Central Europe », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le vendredi 04 mars 2011, http://calenda.org/203592