AccueilPsychotic Experiences, Religion, and Spirituality

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Publié le jeudi 26 avril 2012 par Elsa Zotian

Résumé

This conference is centered on reported or observed psychotic experiences and discusses the ways in which religious and spiritual idioms are mobilized by patients, as well as by medical and psychological practitioners and religious healers in their therapeutic relations. Overall, the conference covers a significant variety of social, institutional and cultural contexts. As an expected result, we should be able to better understand the ways in which culture and social institutions contribute to the shaping of individual psychotic experience, and how they create dynamics of integration and exclusion. In addition, by inviting social scientists and medical practitioners to confront their perspectives, we would like to question what appears to be the underlying constructivist stance on many recent perspectives on religious experience and spirituality linked to psychotic states.

Annonce

Presentation

Recent research in the history and anthropology of mental illness and healing have opened new perspectives on the relation between psychotic experiences, on the one hand, and religion and spiritual idioms, on the other. They have highlighted the manifold varieties of that relationship: religion and spirituality as resources for the verbalization of psychotic experiences; their use as self-healing through bricolage procedures; their legitimizing role for patients and their entourage in the mediation of experiences of otherness; and, finally, their therapeutic potential, which is much valued today by a number of mental health practitioners, as well as their claimed ability to foster the social integration of patients. We should notice here that these studies tend to develop constructivist and pragmatic views of religious experience and spirituality, against the background of psychosis viewed as an invariant. In this sense, they show a certain conventional psychiatric bias. It would thus be important to confront these approaches with studies rooted in current psychiatric practices, namely in the domain of transcultural psychiatry, as far as they show an interest in the religious beliefs and the spirituality of patients.

This conference aims to further analyze these topics through in-depth accounts of cases and clinical and fieldwork-based research. Papers are centered on reported or observed psychotic experiences and discuss the ways in which religious and spiritual idioms are mobilized by patients, as well as by medical and psychological practitioners and religious healers in their therapeutic relations. Overall, the workshop covers a significant variety of social, institutional and cultural contexts. As an expected result, we should be able to better understand the ways in which culture and social institutions contribute to the shaping of individual psychotic experience, and how they create dynamics of integration and exclusion. In addition, by inviting social scientists and medical practitioners to confront their perspectives, we would like to question what appears to be the underlying constructivist stance on many recent perspectives on religious experience and spirituality linked to psychotic states.

La conférence se déroulera en anglais

Program

Monday, 14 May

Salle des thèses (Bâtiment Jacob, 5th floor)

15h00 – 18h00 Welcome and Introduction
  • Mônica Nunes and Tiago Pires Marques
    Religion and madness: argument of the conference and projection of documentary extracts
  • Pierre-Henri Castel (CNRS - Cermes3)
    Remarks on the encounter of psychiatry, psychoanalysis and religion
  • Helene Basu (Institute of Ethnology - Univ. Münster)
    Documentary “Drugs and Prayers - Indian Psychiatry in the realm of Saints”, and debate

Tuesday, 15 May

Salle des thèses (Bâtiment Jacob, 5th floor)

9h30 – 13h00 Chair: Maurice de Torrenté

Discussant: Robert Desjarlais (Sarah Lawrence College, United States)
  • Stefania Pandolfo (University of California, Berkeley)
    “Madness and the “work of death” between Quranic healing and the ethics of psychoanalysis (Of crypts, jinns, and the struggle of the soul)”
Discussant: Erwan Dianteill (Univ. Paris Descartes)
  • Andras Zempleni (CNRS - A.Z., Laboratoire d'Ethnologie et de Sociologie Comparative de l'Université Paris-Ouest, Nanterre)
    “From madness to religion and vice versa in some Senegalese cases: transition criteria and psychosocial effects”
  • Mónica Nunes (NISAM/ Federal University of Bahia)
    “On the edge of comprehension: articulating the experience of madness through the idiosyncratic games and the idiom of Candomblé”
14h30 – 18h00 Chair: Pierre-Henri Castel

Discussant: Richard Rechtman (EHESS - IRIS)
  • Marie Rose Moro (Univ. Paris Descartes; Maison de Solenn - Cochin Hospital, Paris) and Rahmeth Radjack (Maison de Solenn - Cochin Hospital)
    “Affiliate with a religion in adolescence. A clinical and transcultural approach”
  • Ellen Corin (McGill University)
    “Navigating at the limits of the experience in India. Psychosis, religion, and asceticism”
  • Helene Basu (Institute of Ethnology - Univ. Münster)
    “Sorcery, mental illness and personhood in India”

Wednesday, 16 May

Salle des conférences, R 229 (Bâtiment principal, 2nd floor)

9h30 – 13h00 Chair: Pierre-Henri Castel

Discussant: Robert Desjarlais (Sarah Lawrence College)
  • Maria de Lurdes Rosa (IEM – FCSH / New University of Lisbon; CEHR/ Catholic Un. Portugal)
    “The writing of painful experiences of God in late medieval Portugal: problems around the fixation of liminal experiences and their historical interpretation”
  • Tiago Pires Marques (Cermes3 – Paris Descartes Un.; CEHR - Catholic Un. Portugal)
    “Melancholy, vicarious suffering, and the end of religious scapegoats: experience and narratives of religion and madness in 20th century Portugal”
  • Roland Littlewood (Univ. College London)
    “How individual psychotic experience becomes transformed into a shared religion”

14h30 – 17h00

Workshop: Fieldwork notes on religious psychotic episodes in psychiatric facilities

Chair: Maurice de Torrenté

Discussants:
  • Anne Lovell (Cermes3 – INSERM – Paris Descartes Un.)
  • Richard Rechtman (EHESS - IRIS)
  • Pierre-Henri Castel (CNRS - CERMES3)
Researchers:
  • Livia Velpry (Cermes3/ Paris Descartes Un.)
  • Annika Strauss (Institute of Ethnology/ Univ. Münster)
  • Mônica Nunes (NISAM/ Federal University of Bahia)
  • Tiago Pires Marques (Cermes3/ Paris Descartes Un.; CEHR/ Catholic Un.)
Final discussion and conclusion

Lieux

  • 45 rue des Saints-Pères (Université Paris Descarte)
    Paris, France

Dates

  • lundi 14 mai 2012
  • mardi 15 mai 2012
  • mercredi 16 mai 2012

Mots-clés

  • religion, folie, psychose, expérience, spiritualité, anthropologie de la maladie mentale

Contacts

  • Tiago Pires Marques
    courriel : tiagopmarques [at] yahoo [dot] com

Source de l'information

  • Tiago Pires Marques
    courriel : tiagopmarques [at] yahoo [dot] com

Pour citer cette annonce

« Psychotic Experiences, Religion, and Spirituality », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le jeudi 26 avril 2012, http://calenda.org/208317