AccueilThe Papacy and the East

The Papacy and the East

Intellectual debates and cross-cultural interactions, 1274-1439

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Publié le lundi 25 mars 2013 par Elsa Zotian

Résumé

This symposium brings together scholars from different backgrounds to discuss intellectual relations and cultural interactions between the Papal curia and Christian communities and Churches of the Greek, Armenian, and Syriac East between 1274-1439. Fresh empirical analysis will provide new insights into this phase of East-West relations, offering a major laboratory to explore the actors, mechanisms, tools, ideas, and purposes of overseas cultural contacts.

Annonce

Argument

Leiden Institute for Religious Studies

The Second Council of Lyon (1274) and the Council of Ferrara-Florence (1439) constitute two crucial, yet ultimately unsuccessful, attempts to establish new unity between the Roman and the Eastern Churches. In between these two assemblies, intellectual and religious confrontations between East and West produced original results. With Seljuk and Mamluk Turks increasing military pressure, threatening the Mediterranean, the Apostolic See did not cease implementing new strategies to bring Eastern Christian communities into Latin obedience. These multi-faceted interventions included diplomacy, missions, and theological and cultural exchange, resulting in a consistent flow of people, texts, and ideas across the Mediterranean.

This international symposium brings together scholars from different backgrounds to discuss intellectual relations and cultural interactions between the Papal curia and Christian communities and Churches of the Greek, Armenian, and Syriac East between 1274-1439. Fresh empirical analysis will provide new insights into this phase of East-West relations, offering a major laboratory to explore the actors, mechanisms, tools, ideas, and purposes of overseas cultural contacts.

Particular attention will be paid to:

  • · the actual knowledge and intellectual reception of Eastern lands, cultures, and religions within the papal entourage;
  • · the flow of people, texts and ideas across cultural, religious, and linguistic boundaries and the corresponding need for cultural adaptation;
  • · doctrinal and ecclesiological debates, including discussions over the authority of the pope and mutual accusations of heresy;
  • · the specifics of the Eastern policies of the Holy See after the move to Avignon and during the Great Schism, between the decline of the Mongols and the rise of the Ottoman Empire.

As a result, new light will be shed on the cultural processes through which, at the end of the medieval era, the Papal curia attempted to react to the crisis of universalism by confronting the Christian ‘other’.

Programme

9.30                

  • Opening and introduction, Irene Bueno (Leiden University/EHESS Paris)

Chair: Heleen Murre-van den Berg (Leiden University)

  • Claudine Delacroix-Besnier (Université de Picardie), John Kantakuzenos and Rome (1355-1375). Papal letters revisited
  • Claude Mutafian (Université de Paris Nord), The Armenian Church and the Papacy during the last century of Cilician Armenia (1275-1375).
  •  Benjamin Weber (Université de Toulouse), Integrating Ethiopia into the Orbis Christianus: Relations, knowledge and misunderstandings between the Papacy and Ethiopia, 13th-15th century.

11.15 Coffee break

11.30             

Chair: Ernestine van der Wall (Leiden University)

  • Herman Teule (University of Nijmegen/University of Louvain), The Papacy and the oriental Churches: different expectations due to different theological positions.
  • Irene Bueno (Leiden University/ EHESS Paris), The “heresies” of Greeks, Jacobites, and Armenians in Guy Terrena’s ‘Summa de haeresibus et earum confutationibus’ (1338-1342).

12.30 Lunch

14.00   

Chair: Benjamin Weber (Université de Toulouse)

  • Marco Bais (Pontificio Istituto Orientale, Rome), The Armenians in ‘La flor des estoires de la terre d’Orient’.
  • Camille Rouxpetel (Université Paris 4), Riccoldo da Monte Croce’s mission towards the Nestorians and the Jacobites (c.1288-1300): defining heresy and inventing the relationship with the Other. From theory to missionary experience.        
  • Kenneth Parker (Royal Holloway, London/Gutenberg Universität, Mainz), The Mendicant Orders and the Oriental Christians, ca. 1328-1365

15.45 Coffee break

16.15     

  • Chair: Herman Teule (University of Nijmegen/University of Louvain)
  • Chris Schabel (University of Cyprus), Church Councils and the Filioque in Western Theology, 1274-1439
  • William Duba (Freiburg University), From Emanations to Energies: The Divine Essence from Paris to the Peloponnese via the Papacy
  • Concluding remarks, Heleen Murre-van den Berg (Leiden University)

Lieux

  • University Library, Conference Room - Witte Singel 27
    Leyde, Pays-Bas (2311 BG)

Dates

  • vendredi 08 mars 2013

Fichiers attachés

Mots-clés

  • Papacy, East/West relations, Intellectual history

Contacts

  • Irene Bueno
    courriel : irene [dot] bueno [at] eui [dot] eu

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Irene Bueno
    courriel : irene [dot] bueno [at] eui [dot] eu

Pour citer cette annonce

« The Papacy and the East », Journée d'étude, Calenda, Publié le lundi 25 mars 2013, http://calenda.org/242783