AccueilWhen cities meet forests

When cities meet forests

Environmental approaches of interactions between cities and forest supplies during the Middles Ages and the Early modern period. 12th International Conference on urban History, European Association for Urban History – Main Session M16

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Publié le mercredi 18 septembre 2013 par Elsa Zotian

Résumé

As places of consumption and production European medieval and early modern cities exerted a enormous pressure on neighbouring woodlands. Some historical studies have already discussed the way cities tried to impone their control on these lands emphasizing the diversity of needs which were fulfilled by forest exploitation (wood, timber, charcoal, grazing…). They often concluded that urban pressure resulted in an inexorable degradation of the forest cover. Indeed local woodlands and forests products could probably never meet the demand. In order to face shortage or, better, to prevent it, urban authorities attempted on one hand to extend their control on more and more distant forests and to attract interregional or « international » trade flows. On the other hand, they tried to regulate the local market so as to ensure access to several important needs regarding urban economy (charcoal, timber).

Annonce

Argument

As places of consumption and production European medieval and early modern cities exerted a enormous pressure on neighbouring woodlands. Some historical studies have already discussed the way cities tried to impone their control on these lands emphasizing the diversity of needs which were fulfilled by forest exploitation (wood, timber, charcoal, grazing…). They often concluded that urban pressure resulted in an inexorable degradation of the forest cover. Indeed local woodlands and forests products could probably never meet the demand. In order to face shortage or, better, to prevent it, urban authorities attempted on one hand to extend their control on more and more distant forests and to attract interregional or « international » trade flows. On the other hand, they tried to regulate the local market so as to ensure access to several important needs regarding urban economy (charcoal, timber).

In this complex issue though, environmental approaches have seldom been dealt with. For example historical studies have rarely been linked to archaeological, dendrochronological or archaeobotanical data. More generally speaking, we still know little about the transformations of forests landscapes during the Middle Ages and the Early modern period except the fact that they tended to disappear under pressure. It is the aim of this session to try to better know the urban policies with regard to woodlands and to show the potential of such approaches by comparing differents case-studies. In other words, the session will explore questions such as :

  • How did cities transformed their forest environment (which means, which rules, which market policies, which institutions ?),
  • Did they foster one type of forest use/supply rather than others ? (firewood, charcoal, timber ?) and if so how did they do so ?
  • How did they organize the different sources of supply and the different trade levels (local, regional, international) ?
  • And finally, how did forests evolve under those specific urban pressures in different parts of Europe ?

 The scale of analysis can be multiple ranging from the study of so-called peri-urban forests to large forests dedicated to international trade opportunities. 

Submission guidelines

The online submission form is open from May 15 to October 15, 2013 for all paper proposals.

Details can be found at http://www.eauh2014.fcsh.unl.pt

To submit a paper proposal, registration is required.

If you have already create an account in this website, please log in and add a new submission.

A paper proposal for presentation at the conference should be submitted in the form of an abstract only (not to exceed 300 words).

After the deadline the session organizers will make a selection of accepted proposals and will notify all authors about their decision by December 15, 2013.

Session organizers

  • Philippe Bernardi
  • Paulo Charruadas
  • Chloé Deligne

 

 

 

Lieux

  • Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, NOVA University of Lisbon
    Lisbonne, Portugal

Dates

  • vendredi 15 novembre 2013

Mots-clés

  • cities, towns, woodlands, forests, environment, wood resources, wood uses

Contacts

  • Paulo Charruadas
    courriel : pcharrua [at] ulb [dot] ac [dot] be

Source de l'information

  • Paulo Charruadas
    courriel : pcharrua [at] ulb [dot] ac [dot] be

Pour citer cette annonce

« When cities meet forests », Appel à contribution, Calenda, Publié le mercredi 18 septembre 2013, http://calenda.org/259666