AccueilRefugees and Asylum Seekers in the Middle East

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Publié le vendredi 11 septembre 2015 par Céline Guilleux

Résumé

Forced migrations have usually been described as "spontaneous" migrations and analysed in terms of political and security constraints. But even refugee movements resulting from conflicts are often fashioned by previous migration flows and correlated network structures that are re-mobilised during the humanitarian crisis. Therefore, tracing a genealogy of mobilities in the Middle East will help better understand current forced migration processes and their connections with other forms of social organisation built over time in a regional area (commercial mobility, family strategies, pilgrimage, etc.).

Annonce

Argument

Forced migrations have usually been described as "spontaneous" migrations and analysed in terms of political and security constraints. But even refugee movements resulting from conflicts are often fashioned by previous migration flows and correlated network structures that are re-mobilised during the humanitarian crisis. Therefore, tracing a genealogy of mobilities in the Middle East will help better understand current forced migration processes and their connections with other forms of social organisation built over time in a regional area (commercial mobility, family strategies, pilgrimage, etc.)

The distinction commonly made between forced migration and voluntary migration in the Middle East and elsewhere has already been criticised by a growing number of authors (Long: 2013, Richmond: 1994). In the case of “refugee” category, a huge diversity of social, legal and economic statuses and personal backgrounds coexist within such a category (Malkki: 1995, Marx: 1990). Early attempts to build a general theoretical model of refugee issues have focused mainly on push factors to explain refugee movements (Kunz, 1973). Studies have also emphasised the role of international relations in the production of refugee flows (Loescher, 1990). If push factors as well as international politics are key issues for the understanding of refugee movements, little attention has so far been paid to dynamics generated by the refugees themselves. Seteney Shami (1993) suggests that "displacement often leads to labour migration as a coping strategy". But conversely, as will also be shown, labour migration may also mould and structure forced displacement patterns of dispersion and settlement.

The questioning of the dichotomy between forced and voluntary migrations is even more interesting in the Middle East as neither Jordan, Lebanon Iraq nor Syria, are not signatories of the Geneva Convention on Refugees. The refugee category (with the exception of Palestinians who are recognised as refugees in the state where they have their permanent residency) does not exist as such. There is often a confusion in the field of forced migration between legal categories (refugees, asylum seekers, etc.) and those relating to the analysis of migration (Zetter, 2007). This project aims to re-examine the production categories of asylum in an area outside the Convention (Jordan, Lebanon) and one signatory (Turkey) from three unusual situations, the Syrians, the Iraqis and the Palestinians from Syria.

Responsables scientifiques

Helene Thiollet (Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS),

Céline Cantat (MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers),

Kamel Dorai (IFPO, Amman & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers),

Program

Foreword: Alain Dieckhoff, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS

9:30 - Introduction

  • Céline Cantat, University of East London & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers
  • Kamel Doraï, IFPO, Amman & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers
  • Hélène Thiollet, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS

10:00 - Panel 1: Refugees, a regional perspective

  • The Syrian humanitarian Crisis: Understanding Perceptions and Aspirations among Hosts, Practitioners, and Guests in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, Dawn Chatty, University of Oxford
  • Refugees and the state: the importance of Iraq, Philip Marfleet, University of East London

12:00 - Lunch break

14:00 - Panel 2, part 1: Some national experiences

  • Mass Migration Flows and Border Management in Turkey, Didem Danış, Galatasaray University,
  • From Mostapha Mahmoud to Levinsky Park: Comparative political ethnography of Sudanese circulation in Egypt and Israel, Pauline Brücker, CERI-Sciences Po - CEDEJ

15:30 - Break: Screening of two short-films on Yarmouk by Syrian Palestinian directors,

  • MiG, by Thaer Alshali
  • Blue, by Abo Gabi

16:15 – Panel 2, part 2

  • Palestinians from Syria in Lebanon: from refugees to asylum seekers? Kamel Doraï, IFPO - Migrinter
  • Reflections On Belonging: The Abandoned Yarmouk As Seen From Exile, Salim Salameh,

17:45 – Conclusions

Lieux

  • Salle de conférences - Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob
    Paris, France (75006)

Dates

  • jeudi 24 septembre 2015

Fichiers attachés

Mots-clés

  • migration, Syrie, Turquie, réfugié

Contacts

  • Nathalie Tenenbaum
    courriel : nathalie [dot] tenenbaum [at] sciencespo [dot] fr

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Nathalie Tenenbaum
    courriel : nathalie [dot] tenenbaum [at] sciencespo [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Middle East », Journée d'étude, Calenda, Publié le vendredi 11 septembre 2015, http://calenda.org/338619