AccueilWith of without the brothers

With of without the brothers

Domestic, Regional, and International Trends in Islamism (2013-2015)

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Publié le jeudi 22 octobre 2015 par Céline Guilleux

Résumé

Over the last years, politics in the Middle East and North Africa have been shaped by impressive reversals of fortune. Month after month, journalists and analysts have all at some point depicted liberals, Islamists, soldiers, women, jihadis, and youth as the great winners of the "Arab spring", before being later considered as likely losers. The root causes of the Muslim Brotherhood’s inability, since the fall of Muhammad Mursi in Egypt, during the second “round” of the Arab Spring, to cash in on the political capital originally accumulated thanks to their leading role in the opposition to authoritarian regimes and subsequently during post-revolutionary elections, still calls for substantial research. In parallel, the emergence of the so-called Islamic State has been a game changer, introducing new dynamics that need to be made explicit and analysed by academics.

Annonce

Colloque dans le cadre du projet ERC When Authoritarianism Fails in the Arab World

En partenariat avec l'IREMAM, l'IFPO, et l'Université d’Oslo

Argument

Over the last years, politics in the Middle East and North Africa have been shaped by impressive reversals of fortune. Month after month, journalists and analysts have all at some point depicted liberals, Islamists, soldiers, women, jihadis, and youth as the great winners of the “Arab spring”, before being later considered as likely losers. The root causes of the Muslim Brotherhood’s inability, since the fall of Muhammad Mursi in Egypt, during the second “round” of the Arab Spring, to cash in on the political capital originally accumulated thanks to their leading role in the opposition to authoritarian regimes and subsequently during post-revolutionary elections, still calls for substantial research. In parallel, the emergence of the so-called Islamic State has been a game changer, introducing new dynamics that need to be made explicit and analysed by academics.

Far from meaning the end of political Islam, the Brothers’ setback is having lasting effects on the Islamist field. The object of this conference, organised by the WAFAW program in partnership with CERI/Sciences Po, IREMAM, IFPO, and Oslo University, is to look into the resilience of the Muslim Brotherhood despite its apparent marginalization and meanwhile how Salafi and Jihadi groups have too been affected by the developments that occurred after the Egyptian military coup of July 2013 and the establishment of the Islamic State in June 2014.

The objects of the conference are multiple: to complete the study of the mechanisms generating “disillusionment with the Brothers”, and to better gauge the phenomenon’s importance. We aim to understand what has become of the “survivors” of the Muslim Brotherhood’s and of those Islamists who distanced themselves from the Brothers, often criticizing the concessions made by the latter while in power.

The downfall of the Muslim Brothers since the Egyptian military coup is a far cry from having seriously damaged Sunni Islamism as a whole. It is no doubt possible that certain disillusioned Brothers may have called into question the “Islamist” dimension of their political commitment. It is however well established that a part of the “disillusioned”, whose numbers have yet to be quantified, have become even more radically “re-islamised” as of then. The path to radicalization and violence which they tend to follow leads them to walk in the footsteps of their “Jihadi” predecessors towards a rupture with the doctrinal accommodations which has enabled the Brothers to produce a pattern of “Islamic” recognition of democratic process.

Program

Thursday 29th of October, 2015

  • 9:30-9:45 Opening address by Alain Dieckhoff, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS
  • 9:45-10:30 Keynote address by François Burgat, WAFAW, IREMAM From Ghannouchi to al-Baghdadi: The ubiquitous diversity of the Islamic lexicon

Panel 1: Linking political exclusion to violence?

10:30-13:15

Chair: Loulouwa Al-Rachid, WAFAW, Sciences Po-CERI

  • Sari Hanafi, WAFAW, American University of Beirut Transnational movement of Islamic reform: New configurations
  • Bjorn Olav Utvik, Oslo University Myths of Ikhwan disaster: Anatomy of the 2011-1013 power struggle in Egypt
  • Amal-Fatiha Abbassi, IREMAM, Sciences Po Aix The Muslim Brotherhood and political disengagement. The consequences of an authoritarian situation

11:45-12:00 Coffee break

  • Monica Marks, WAFAW, Oxford University Survivalist club or dynamic movement? Generational politics in Ennahda today
  • Joas Wagemakers, Utrecht University With or without the others: Consolidating divisions within the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood (2013-2015)
  • Amel Boubekeur, SWP, Berlin Algerian Islamists and Salafis after the Arab Spring: Eroding or reloading the regime?

Panel 2: A Resilient Muslim Brotherhood?

14:30-16:45

 Chair: Stéphane Lacroix, WAFAW, CERI-Sciences Po

  • Rory McCarthy, Oxford University When Islamists lose an election
  • Marc Lynch, George Washington University Evolving transnational networks and media strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood
  • Marie Vannetzel, WAFAW, CURAPP #R4bia: The dynamics of the pro-Mursi mobilizations in Turkey
  • Dilek Yankaya, WAFAW, IREMAM A “transnational Islamic business network”? Rethinking the connections between Turkish, Egyptian and Tunisian “Islamic businessmen” after the Arab Springs

16:45-17:00 Coffee break

17:00-17:45 Open discussion on contemporary Muslim Brotherhood dynamics

Friday 30th of October, 2015

Panel 3: The Iraqi/Syrian matrix of violence

9:30-11:30

Chair: Bjorn Olav Utvik, Oslo University

  • Loulouwa Al-Rachid, WAFAW, CERI-Sciences Po The Disarray of Iraqi Sunnis
  • Truls Tonnesen, FFI, Oslo The Iraqi origins of the "Islamic State"
  • Yahya Michot, Hartford Seminary Ibn Taymiyya in 'Dabiq'
  • Thomas Pierret, Edinburgh University Farewell to the vanguard: Syria's Ahrar al-Sham Islamic movement and wartime de-radicalisation
  • Tine Gade, Oslo University Sunnism in Lebanon after the Syrian war

11:30-11:45 Coffee break

Panel 4: Al-Qaeda vs. the Islamic State

11:45-13:30

Chair: François Burgat, WAFAW, IREMAM

  • Hasan Abu Hanieh, Independent researcher New Jihadism: From harassment to empowerment (In Arabic)
  • Brynjar Lia, Oslo University The jihadi movement and rebel governance: A reassertion of a patriarchal order?
  • Saud al-Sarhan, King Faysal Foundation, Saudi Arabia The Islamic State (IS) in Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulsalam al-Rubaidi, Al-Baidha University Ansar al-Sharia in South Yemen: configuration, expansion and discourse (In Arabic)
  • Ismail Alexandrani, Independent researcher Sinai with and without the Brothers: did it matter?

Panel 5: Muslim Brothers and their Islamist competitors

14:30-16:45

Chair: Sari Hanafi, WAFAW, American University of Beirut

  • Muhammad Abu Rumman, Jordanian University Dilemmas in Salafi dynamics in the wake of the Arab democratic revolutions (In Arabic)
  • Stéphane Lacroix, WAFAW, CERI-Sciences Po Being Salafi under Sisi: Examining the post-coup strategy of the al-Nour party
  • Ahmed Zaghlul, CEDEJ, Cairo The nationalization of the religious sphere in Egypt (In Arabic)
  • Myriam Benraad, IREMAM Iraqi Muslim Brothers: Between the Islamic State and a hard place
  • Nicolas Dot-Pouillard, WAFAW, IFPO Hizbullah and Muslims Brothers: A political rupture or a contract renegotiation?
  • Laurent Bonnefoy, WAFAW, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS) Islahis, Salafis, Huthis: reconfigurations of the Islamist field in war torn Yemen

16:45-17:00 coffee break

17:00-18:00 Concluding remarks and discussion with François Burgat (WAFAW, IREMAM) and Bernard Rougier (Paris III University).

Conference in English and Arabic (with translation)

Responsables scientifiques

  • Laurent Bonnefoy (Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS),
  • Stéphane Lacroix (Sciences Po-CERI),
  • François Burgat (IREMAM),
  • Bjorn Olav Utvik (Oslo University).

Registration

INSCRIPTION OBLIGATOIRE auprès de nathalie.tenenbaum@sciencespo.fr

Lieux

  • Salle de conférences - Sciences Po-CERI, 56, rue Jacob
    Paris, France (75006)

Dates

  • jeudi 29 octobre 2015
  • vendredi 30 octobre 2015

Mots-clés

  • arab spring, muslim brotherhood, islamic state, salafi, Jihadi

Contacts

  • Nathalie Tenenbaum
    courriel : nathalie [dot] tenenbaum [at] sciencespo [dot] fr

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Nathalie Tenenbaum
    courriel : nathalie [dot] tenenbaum [at] sciencespo [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« With of without the brothers », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le jeudi 22 octobre 2015, http://calenda.org/343997