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Relations climat-sociétés en Méditerranée pendant les deux derniers millénaires

Climate and Societies in the Mediterranean during the Last Two Millennia

État des connaissances et perspectives de recherche

Current State Of Knowledge and Research Perspectives

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Publié le jeudi 16 février 2017 par João Fernandes

Résumé

L’objectif de cette conférence de deux jours est de mettre en avant des travaux interdisciplinaires récents et innovants sur les relations historiques complexes entre climat et société(s) en Méditerranée au cours des deux derniers millénaires. En effet, si les questions relatives aux conséquences futures du changement climatique pour les sociétés méditerranéennes sont nombreuses et variées, l’analyse de l’impact des fluctuations hydro-météorologiques passées (e.g. épisodes de sécheresse) sur la dynamique et la vie des populations urbaines et rurales, à différentes époques, peut permettre de mieux saisir le rôle de l’environnement dans l’apparition de conflits locaux ou régionaux, le déclenchement d’épidémies, l’apparition de disettes ou de famines, de migrations. Elle peut aussi permettre de faire ressortir les réponses et adaptations sociales, politiques ou technologiques mises en œuvre.

Annonce

Argument

This two-day international conference aims to highlight recent and challenging interdisciplinary studies dealing with complex historical climate/society interactions in Mediterranean during the last two millennia. Indeed, although issues concerning present and future climate change-related impacts for Mediterranean societies are many and varied, past climatic extremes, like drought episodes, have caught the attention of archaeologists, climatologists, modelers and historians for several decades. This intriguing relationship mainly results from devastating temperature and/or hydroclimatic effects on the balance between climate and natural or agricultural resources essential to the wellbeing of past urban or rural societies. The study of these existing connections can help in better understanding the role played by past climatic events in the eruption of regional conflicts, in forced migration and displacement of people, in periodically appearing infectious disease outbreaks or in subsistence crises like food shortages and famines Similarly, it seems necessary to identify and analyze socio-economic and technological responses (e.g. water supply systems) together with mitigation and general adaptation strategies, insofar as they existed, to cope with climate change.

Programme

MARCH 8

9:30 Opening: Sophie BOUFFIER,MMSH director/ Xavier DAUMALIN, Director of TELEMME Lab/ Joël GUIOT, Director of Labex Ot_Med/ Brigitte MARIN, Director of LabexMed

9:45 General Introduction: Nicolas MAUGHAN/Kevin POMETTI

Session I How To Integrate Solar And Volcanic Forcing In Studies Of Historical Climate-Society Interactions?

Chair: Martin BAUCH (Leibniz-Institut für Geschichte und Kultur des östlichen Europa, Germany)

  • 10:00 Volcanism and Variability: The Volatile Nile as Driver of Revolt and Socioeconomic Stress in Ptolemaic Egypt, 305-30 BCE, Joseph MANNING (Yale University, USA), Francis LUDLOW(University of Dublin, Ireland) et al.
  • 10:30 Climate and societal impacts of a volcanic double event at the dawn of the Middle Ages, Matthew TOOHEY (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)

11:00 Coffee break

  • 11:15 Reassessing the climatic impacts of the 1257 eruption in Europe and in the Northern Hemisphere using historical archives and tree rings, Sébastien GUILLETet al. (University of Bern, Switzerland)
  • 11:45 The 1430s: A period of extraordinary internal climate variability during the early Spörer Minimum and its impacts in North-western and Central Europe, Chantal CAMENISCH (University of Bern, Switzerland)

12:15 Questions & discussion

12:40 Lunch

Session II Sources And Methodologies For Studying Past Climate History: From Natural To Textual Archives

Chair: Nicolas MAUGHAN (Aix-Marseille University, France)

  • 14:00 Towards a methodology for reconstructing outstanding extreme events. The example of 1540, Christian PFISTER (University of Bern, Switzerland)
  • 14:30 Multidisciplinary approach to climatic reconstruction. Present research and potentialities in Mediterranean countries (Spain) focusing on hydroclimatic extremes, Mariano BARRIENDOS (University of Barcelona, Spain)
  • 15:00 The earliest meteorological observations: Florence and Vallombrosa in the Medici Network (1654-1670), Chiara BERTOLIN(Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway) & Dario CAMUFFO(National Research Council of Italy)

15:30 Coffee break

  • 15:45 The role of textual archives and first instrumental records to detect optimal periods for vector-borne diseases in late 18thcentury Catalonia, Kevin POMETTI (Aix-Marseille University, France)
  • 16:15 Drought and Crisis in the Classical Ottoman Empire: New Evidence, Confirmation, and Revisions, Samuel WHITE (The Ohio State University, USA)
  • 16:45 The Dantean Anomaly project: A comparative approach to a period of increasing extreme events and their societal impact, Martin BAUCH (Leibniz-Institut für Geschichte und Kultur des östlichen Europa, Leipzig, Germany)

17:15 Questions & discussion

MARCH 9

  • 9:00 Poster session* (60 min)

Session III 1stpart Climate As Catalyst For Subsistence Crises, Epidemics And Violence

Chair: Isabelle RENAUDET(Aix-Marseille University, France)

  • 10:00 Late Holocene delta geomorphology and ancient coastal settlements: from Taman Peninsula to the Balearic Islands, Mathieu GIAIME et al.(Aix-Marseille University, France)

10:30 Coffee Break

  • 10:45 Famine, migrations and conflicts 3200 years ago: did climate have an influence on social upheavals?, David KANIEWSKI et al. (University of Toulouse, France)
  • 11:15 Climate change and the Eastern Roman Empire. Learning from the complex societies of the past, Adam IZDEBSKI (Jagiellonian University, Poland)

11:45 Questions & discussion

12:30 Lunch

Session III 2ndpart

Chair: Kevin POMETTI(Aix-Marseille University, France)

  • 14:00 War, economic crisis and plague: teleconnections between Arid Central Asia and the Mediterranean in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Bruce CAMPBELL(Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK)
  • 14:30 Droughts and Floods in the Spanish Mediterranean during the Little Ice Age. Thoughts and Proposals, Armando ALBEROLA (University of Alicante, Spain)

15:00 Coffee Break

  • 15:15 Socio-economic Resilience to Droughts and Energy Transition in Northwestern Mediterranean during the Dalton Minimum, Nicolas MAUGHAN (Aix-Marseille University, France)
  • 15:45 The Role of Drought and Climate Change in the Syrian Uprising: Untangling the Triggers of the Revolution, Francesca DE CHÂTEL (Radboud University, The Netherlands)

16:15 Questions & discussion

16:30Conclusion: Christian PFISTER (University of Bern, Switzerland)

17:00End of the meeting

Posters

  1.  A multi-secular database (A.D. 1300-2000) on the historical flood variability in the Lower Rhone Valley, Georges PICHARDet al. (Aix-Marseille University, France)
  2.  Historical climate Data Rescue in the Mediterranean area at Météo-France, Sylvie JOURDAIN & Émeline ROUCAUTE(Météo-France, France)
  3.  Temperature observations in Bologna, Italy, from 1715 to 1815: three centuries of changing climate and methodological procedures to recover and analyze early instrumental series, Chiara BERTOLIN et al.(Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
  4.  Climate, environment and public health in Catalonia. Endemic and epidemic paludism (1750-1850), from sanitarian policies to environmental issues, Kevin POMETTI (Aix-Marseille University, France)
  5.  Recent hydrological variability of the Moroccan Middle-Atlas Mountains inferred from sedimentological and geochemical analyses of lake sediments, Guillaume JOUVE et al.(Aix-Marseille University, France)
  6.  Oxygen isotopes from Sudanese mummies as natural archives for reconstructing long-term and seasonal Nile river fluctuations and past climate in Northeast Africa (3700-500 B.P.), Céline MARTIN et al.(Aix-Marseille University, France)
  7.  Assessment of post-industrial sea-level rise acceleration along the Mediterranean coastlines, Matteo VACCHIet al. (Aix-Marseille University, France)
  8.  Geoarchaeology of the Danube delta and palaeo-environment of ancient settlements (Histria, Enisala, Babadag and Halmyris), Alexandra BIVOLARU et al.(Aix-Marseille University, France)
  9.  The ancient harbors of cap Bon (Tunisia): geomorphology, climate context and recent discoveries, Soumaya TRABELSI et al. (Aix-Marseille University, France)

Organizing committee

  • Mr. Nicolas MAUGHAN (AMU, I2M, ECCOREV)
  • Mr. Kevin POMETTI (AMU, TELEMME, LabexMed)
  • Mr. Joël GUIOT (AMU, CEREGE, Labex Ot_Med, ECCOREV)
  • Mrs. Isabelle RENAUDET (AMU, TELEMME)
  • Mrs. Agnès RABION (AMU, TELEMME)
  • Mrs. Caroline TESTANIÈRE-CHAGNIOT (AMU, TELEMME)

Scientific committee

  • Mr. Nicolas MAUGHAN (AMU, I2M, ECCOREV)
  • Mr. Kevin POMETTI (AMU, TELEMME, LabexMed)
  • Mr. Joël GUIOT (AMU, CEREGE, Labex Ot_Med, ECCOREV)
  • Mrs. Isabelle RENAUDET (AMU, TELEMME)
  • Mr. Georges PICHARD (AMU, CEREGE)
  • Mr. Wolfgang CRAMER (AMU, IMBE)
  • Mr. Armando ALBEROLA (University of Alicante, Spain)
  • Mr. Dario CAMUFFO (CNR, Padova, Italy)

Co-sponsorship

Lieux

  • Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l'Homme, MMSH, Salle Georges Duby - 5 Rue Château de l'Horloge
    Aix-en-Provence, France (13090)

Dates

  • mercredi 08 mars 2017
  • jeudi 09 mars 2017

Mots-clés

  • climate, society, environmental history, mediterranean, little ice age, collapse, resilience

Contacts

  • Nicolas Maughan
    courriel : nicolas [dot] maughan [at] gmail [dot] com

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Nicolas Maughan
    courriel : nicolas [dot] maughan [at] gmail [dot] com

Pour citer cette annonce

« Relations climat-sociétés en Méditerranée pendant les deux derniers millénaires », Colloque, Calenda, Publié le jeudi 16 février 2017, http://calenda.org/394981