HomeHospitalitie(s)

Hospitalitie(s)

Hospitalité(s)

Space(s) of care, tension and presence

Espace(s) de soin, de tension et de présence

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Published on Wednesday, June 14, 2017 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

Above all, the call for papers emphasizes the correlation between hospitality and space. Jacques Godbout, in his article "Receiving is to give", specifies that hospitality is a "gift of space". So what are the characteristics of these given spaces? Are they permanent, temporary or transitional? Are there inherent areas of hospitality? And how are they built? From hospitals to home, what are these spaces and what is their spatial nature? And what meaning of hospitality do these spaces convey? What kind of space does hospitality produce?

Announcement

The Cahiers thématiques is the annual publication of the National School of Architecture and Landscape design in Lille  (LACTH Laboratory / Design – Territory – History - Materiality). This issue will be devoted to the relationship between spaces and hospitality. The latter designates social relationships and material arrangements as well as an assertion and a challenge. Indeed, hospitality cannot be limited to an abstract idea but is connected to spaces and/or situations, as it is concerned with the nature of relationships.

Framework

Above all, the call for papers emphasizes the correlation between hospitality and space. Jacques Godbout, in his article « Receiving is to give», specifies that hospitality is a « gift of space» . So what are the characteristics of these given spaces? Are they permanent, temporary or transitional? Are there inherent areas of hospitality? And how are they built? From hospitals to home, what are these spaces and what is their spatial nature? And what meaning of hospitality do these spaces convey? What kind of space does hospitality produce? 

Hospitality is read here on the border between different interpretations of a same field of reference. Thus it provides opportunities to open up new spaces of reflexion which relocate limits and categories to give voice and body to designed spaces, to tried and experienced environments. That is why the choice of suggested papers might concern social and human sciences in the widest sense, as well as disciplines linked to space, its design and qualities (notably architecture, landscape, design, aesthetics), or the area of care and health (medicine, medical humanities, for example).

Indeed, hospitality, the etymological root of hospital, refers to the wider notion of welcome, on the one hand from the field of gift and counter-gift  and the other, from that of public policy and the media coverage of welcome facilities. Hospitality is therefore caught between (naturally infinite) virtue and (necessarily limited) public action, encompassing the ethics/politics dichotomy according to J. Derrida . One or the other, one and the other consist of conventions, cultural codes and contractual rules. Nevertheless, they are both based on an apparently simple pact between hosts - as in the receiver and the received - founded on reciprocity and symmetry.

For the last few years, the concept of hospitality has been the object of an editorial effervescence, in a context of the crisis of welfare institutions and the limits of solidarity systems which highlight the political dimension and the current status of the relationship to others. In particular, the migrant crisis reactivates thinking on the forms and conditions of public hospitality  and on the construction of the other as the subject of public action . Questioning space in itself and the spaces of hospitality allows the exploration of « a game of places and positions»  and to measure in what way and how the spatial arrangements of hospitality are designed on a paradox: a rightful place is given whilst keeping a distance. From this borderline case, we retain the paradoxical position of the host in order to investigate the status of the hospital. 

Breaking away from historical architectural models, hospital architecture has considerably evolved over the last thirty years. Hospitals tend to have material presence as a living space and a space of public proximity. In the same way, the constant evolution of health care linking technicality and efficiency changes hospital functions. It enables short stays and day care, increases the frequency of ins and outs and intensifies the circulation of patients within and around hospitals. So what of the conditions of hospitality? How do the architecture, landscaping, art and design fit in?

With this intention to explore the links between hospitality and space, the hospital cannot be taken either as a simple time-barred building neither as a succession of buildings or technical facilities, but a continuum of the home to hospital (and vice-versa), open onto the city and life itself. This continuum includes neighbourhood facilities and external services such as drug addiction centres. The hospital is thus to be apprehended as a milieu: starting from and with people - health professionals, volunteers, patients, families and companions, but also neighbours and those within sight - as a setting for life, work and care.

Considering the hospital as a milieu implies investigating the relationship(s) to designed and experienced spaces. How does hospitality guarantee and accompany well-being, including areas of prevention and tailored solutions? We have identified three key words specific to the hospital realm, and to these will be added a fourth. Firstly, care related to actions, attitudes and adopted approaches such as the attention to others written into projects and codes of ethics. Secondly, tensions meaning the vulnerabilities and the relation to power engaged in any hospital situation. Tensions may come from technical or spatial arrangements, situations or inter-personal relationships . The third word is presence, referring both to a space of presence as in the meaning given by Maldiney and to means of presence (or absence) of beings and things. Finally, the last word is traces: in the sense of what is given and received, of what remains, including space and narrative which are the two main areas. This is why we will be particularly interested in questions of method and knowledge tools used by contributors to investigate these sensitive fields. 

The proposals may be arranged under one of the following themes:

Theme 1 – Hospitality as a value: words, facilities and intermediaries

Historically, hospitality is the « space of the other », founded on the conceptualization of the relation to that which is different, which enables the « making of society » . If hospitality is immediately associated with the domestic realm and to individual initiative, it is just as much of a collective and of an obligatory nature within the domain of social protection, of which hospitals are the emblematic institutions and spaces .

This focus will explore hospitality as a value. What is this notion based on? What is it composed of? When does hospitality switch to inhospitality? When does the space designed to be humane becomes inhumane? In complementary fashion and progressively, the contributions might examine the words hospitality, the bearers of hospitality or the way spaces are designed to lead patients through its specific facilities and departments. The proposals will include, for example, interviews, projects implemented (or not) in hospitals or any other architectural and/or landscape design project, including housing.

Theme 2 - Design and implementation. History, typologies, shapes, models, the sensitive and symbolic dimension

Is it possible to « configure » « spatial structures of the environment »   by imagining them so that they contribute towards hospitality? The proposed approach concerns shape and models, the relationship of detail towards the whole, the exploration of the possible combined history between the way of thinking hospitality, hospital architecture and the development of medicine, practice and biomedical knowledge as well as design.

Theme 3 – The test of the everyday, adjustments, moments, situation

In this last theme, we start from the premise that all design and spatial implementation, whether it be architectural, urban, landscape or artistic, accompanies, in one way or another, directly or 

by reflection, the experience of those who live, occupy, work, stay or are brought there for some reason.

Hence, hospitality will be studied through everyday lived experience, on site and through the plurality of presences and situations with several possible entries: the effect of adaptations over time, at certain moments, on the corporal memory and lived situations - when, according to Peter Zumthor, everything can be explained by usage.

Testimonials: a special feature of this issue

In addition to the academic articles, testimonials, included in this issue, will address the links between hospitality and spatiality, be they from architects, landscape architects, artists, medical practitioners, carers, caregivers, patients, accompanying persons, (etc.), and expressed by one or two voices. Testimony is not considered here as mere speech, but as a narrative in the sense of M.-R. Trouillot when he wrote that we live our lives twice, both as an actor and as a narrator of our actions . The aim is therefore to give a place to what belongs to the "ordinary", in the sense of experience and of a situation lived and narrated. It is a question of substituting the hierarchies of values peculiar to the other actors for the dominant and the knowing viewpoint, based on systems of thought.

Contributions should be unpublished and should not be submitted to other publications. In terms of content, they must give a substantial contribution and new knowledge to the scientific debate while proposing a contextualization and a perspective of the questions addressed. They will be submitted to the anonymous double review of the reading committee.

The authors will specify whether their contribution is in the scientific part or the testimonials.

Submission guidelines

Abstracts (between 1.500 and 2.000 signs), with an indicative bibliography, should be sent to the LACTH

on September 15th 2017, at the latest,

for peer-review by the Reading Committee.

The full article has to be sent before January 12th 2018, to the LACTH (lacth@lille.archi.fr), by e-mail (or if not possible on a CD with a printed version).

The academic article template is between 20.000 and 25.000 signs (spaces included, and footnotes not included); plus an abstract (1.000 signs) as well as a short presentation of the author (maximum 3 lines). Texts exceeding the given template will be returned to their author.

The testimonies, between 5.000 and 10.000 signs (spaces included and notes not included) will be accompanied by a small introduction (maximum 3 lines) presenting the context and / or the situation.

The footnotes will appear at the end of the article and will be typed in linear. They must not exceed 25% of the total number of signs in the text. You will find at the end of this document the layout of the footnotes (no automatic notes at the bottom of the page or at the end of the document and no automatic footnote calls).

The illustrations (4 maximum black and white illustrations), provided on traditional or digital media (300 Dpi minimum in TIF format), must be free of rights. These illustrations will have captions and the author will mention the order and the location with respect to the text. If these illustrations are taken from magazines, books or from private or public archive sources, the authors will enclose the written authorizations of the rights holders (photographers, publishers, archives center,...) and will have to confirm that they are free of rights.

By responding to this call for papers, the authors authorize the Ecole d'architecture de Lille to publish their contribution in the Cahiers Thématiques n ° 18. The articles will be published in French or English, in the language chosen by the author (only the abstracts will be translated).

Timeline

  • 28th September 2017: reception of abstracts

  • October 2017: answer from the Reading Committee
  • 12th January 2018: reception of completed articles
  • March 2018: revisions and corrections submitted to the authors
  • May 2018: reception of definitive revised articles
  • November 2018: release of Cahiers Thématiques n°18

Editors

  • Céline Barrère, Urban Studies PhD, Senior Lecturer in Sociology and Anthropology at National School of Architecture and Landscape of Lille, researcher at LACTH
  • Catherine Grout, professor in aesthetics, HDR, at National School of Architecture and Landscape of Lille, researcher at LACTH.

Scientific committee members of cahiers thématiques

  • Pascal Amphoux, Ensa Nantes (France) ;
  • Valter Balducci, Ensa Normandie (France) ;
  • Jean-Marc Besse, CNRS, UMR Géographie-cités (France) ;
  • Rika Devos, Ecole Polytechnique, Université Libre Bruxelles (Belgium) ;
  • Franz Graf, Ecole polytechnique fédérale Lausanne (Switzerland) ;
  • Daniel Le Couédic, Université de Bretagne occidentale, Brest (France) ;
  • Philippe Louguet, Ensap Lille (France) ;
  • Frédéric Pousin, Ensa Paris-Belleville (France) ;
  • Sylvie Salles, Senior Lecturer HDR at Ensa Paris Val-de-Seine (France) ;
  • Danièle Voldman, CNRS, University Paris 1 (France).

Reading committe members CT18

  • Jean-Marc Besse, CNRS, UMR Géographie-Cités (France) ;
  • Catherine Blain, Lacth, Ensap Lille (France) ;
  • Sylvie Brosseau, Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan);
  • Catherine Deschamps, Ensa Paris Val-de-Seine, Evcau (France) ;
  • Clotilde Félix-Fromentin, Lacth (France) ;
  • Yankel Fijalkow, sociolog, Ensa Paris Val-de-Seine , CRH-LAVUE (France) ;
  • Pierre Lebrun, Lacth (France) ;
  • Sylvie Salles, Ensa de Paris Val-de-Seine, HABI- TER (France) ;
  • Donato Severo, architect, Ensa Paris Val-de-Seine, Evcau (France)
  • Sylvie Vandoolaeghe, E.E.H.U, University Hospital of Lille (France) ;

Contacts

Isabelle Charlet, secretariat of LACTH — e-mail : lacth@lille.archi.fr

Céline Barrère & Catherine Grout, editors and coordination Cahiers thématiques n°18

Ecole nationale supérieure d'architecture et de paysage de Lille
2 rue verte, Quartier de l’Hôtel-de-Ville
59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France

Places

  • Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France (59)

Date(s)

  • Thursday, September 28, 2017

Keywords

  • hospitalité, hôpital, chez-soi, accueil, soin, architecture, paysage, modèle, quotidien, ajustement, expérience, témoignage

Contact(s)

  • Isabelle Charlet
    courriel : lacth [at] lille [dot] archi [dot] fr

Information source

  • catherine grout
    courriel : c-grout [at] lille [dot] archi [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Hospitalitie(s) », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Wednesday, June 14, 2017, http://calenda.org/408216