AccueilBiocosmos - Our sense of place, our sense of life in the universe

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Publié le lundi 08 janvier 2018 par Céline Guilleux

Résumé

Planet scientists and exoplanet astronomers are re-shaping our understanding of the universe, presenting a fascinating cosmos filled with places and destinations, not an empty void. At the same time, Earth physicists and biologists design models of self-sustainable ecosystems such as Biosphere 2 and the Mars/Lunar Greenhouse, with the goal of engineering bio-regenerative mini-worlds that can function on their own. As these scientific revolutions unfold, with distant spaces and global life systems as objects of “field work”, what counts as the “human environment”? How do we, as individuals and societies, relate to spaces, things, and processes we do not or cannot experience directly and which we see as “extreme” or “beyond” human?

Annonce

CNRS-ENS-UA International Research Center iGLOBES

Paris Sciences & Lettres Research University / Interdisciplinary Program on Origin and Conditions of Appearance of Life

February 1-2, 2018, at Biosphere 2 – Oracle (AZ)

Organisation

Workshop organized by

  • Dr. Perig Pitrou (Collège de France/PSL Research University, Paris),
  • Dr. Istvan Praet (University of Roehampton, London),
  • Dr. Regis Ferriere (University of Arizona and ENS/PSL Research University, Paris)
  • Dr. Kevin Bonine (University of Arizona)

Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Session organized by Dr. Joffrey Becker (Collège de France/PSL Research University Paris)

Argument

Since ecology has been defined by Ernst Haeckel (1866) as the science of the interactions between living organisms and their environments (a science of the oikos), the boundaries between living and non-living systems have constantly been blurred. The notion of homeostasis (Cannon, 1932) or the feedback loops (Rosenblueth, Wiener & Bigelow, 1947) have led to consider in a very similar way phenomenons that are related to both the description of life and the production of artifacts. These notions progressively conducted to the emergence of cybernetics, a science of the structures that describes the dynamics of self-organized systems and simultaneously participates in the conception of a new kind of machines.

If James Lovelock provocatively wrote that we could one day imagine that our engineered systems could be as subtle and versatile than their biological equivalents (Lovelock, 1979:77), systems appear in a movement that metaphorically mechanizes nature and brings machines to a form of protolife. They constitute a link between life and techniques.

The aim of this session is to explore this crossed space that the notion of system seems to create. Opened to Ph.D students and post-doctoral researchers in social and natural sciences, this session will focus on issues directly related to cybernetic systems, considering them as both a mean to represent ecosystems emerging in the universe, but also as a mean to construct artificial devices where terrestrial life can survive outside the Earth. We will more specifically focus on the question: What fundamental elements and which interactions allow us to consider that a world (natural or artificial) can be inhabited, a world in which life can develop and maintain itself? We will thus try to better understand how cybernetic systems, through the mediation of theoretical or real machines, invite us to consider the complex (and culturally informed) entanglements of life and techniques.

Submission Information

Candidates must precise whether they want to do an oral presentation or whether they prefer to present a poster.

Submissions must contain:

  • The name of the presenter, affiliations, email address
  • The title of the presentation / poster
  • An abstract (150-300 words)
  • If applicable, a list of selected publications, relevant to the proposed topic of the talk - A short curriculum / resume

Submissions must be sent before December 20th

to: ocavbioarti@gmail.com

Notification regarding acceptance of submissions will be sent by email during the first week of January.

UMI iGlobes will reimburse part of the travel to Tucson, and cover two nights at Biosphere 2 and meals during the workshop. 

Bibliography

  • CANNON Walter B., 1932, The Wisdom of the Body, New-York, W.W. Norton & Company, inc
  • HAECKEL Ernst, 1866, Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, 2 vol., Berlin, G. Reimer
  • LOVELOCK James, 1993 [1979], La terre est un être vivant, L'hypothèse Gaïa, Paris, Flammarion 
  • ROSENBLUETH Arturo, WIENER Norber, BIGELOW Julian, 1943, “Behavior, Purpose and Teleology”, Philosophy of Science, 10(1), 18-24

Lieux

  • Biosphere 2
    Oracle, États-Unis

Dates

  • mercredi 20 décembre 2017

Mots-clés

  • exoplanet, life, universe, origin of life, technique, cybernetic, system

Contacts

  • Joffrey Becker
    courriel : ocavbioarti [at] gmail [dot] com

Source de l'information

  • Joffrey Becker
    courriel : ocavbioarti [at] gmail [dot] com

Pour citer cette annonce

« Biocosmos - Our sense of place, our sense of life in the universe », Appel à contribution, Calenda, Publié le lundi 08 janvier 2018, http://calenda.org/427659