The issue of halal sprang up in the early 1980s, but only in the past 10 years has it become a salient concern, especially in Europe and Asiatic non-Muslim countries, mainly for business purposes and other economic activities. Since then, halal has progressively encompassed all aspects of modern human life, including halal food-processing, halal hotel, halal sauna, halal cosmetics, halal drugs, halal fashion, halal taxi, halal airline, etc. From this halal phenomenon, many new things arose: halal certificate bodies (HCB), Islamic marketing, Islamic finance, and the like. Accordingly, halal has been continuously normalized and standardized by modern rationality that has turned it into a practice and policy for regulating Muslims in their whole daily life. These new practices in economy progressively required new kinds of scholars (‘ulama) committees to deal with new discoveries in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, in order to issue fatwas on such issues, which did not exist or were different in the past within classical-fiqh discussion.
The history of the family is at the center of a considerable historiographical renewal that has marked Jewish studies during the last decades. The medievalists were the first to widely study small groups and Jewish family networks in order to better understand the settlement and diffusion of the Jewish population in a territory or their relations with the majoritarian society. Being particularly heterogeneous, the Jewish diaspora is traditionally divided into several groups and factions dependent on ritual practices, geographic provenances and affiliations or legal traditions, more or less influenced by the local contexts the different Jewish populations were settled in.
The Greek word for a fault or error is hamartia; this same word, when it appears in Greek translations of the Hebrew Bible and in the New Testament, is commonly rendered as “sin.” If there were no word like sin or péché or Sünde or peccato in modern languages, with the religious connotation these terms have acquired, could we identify a special sense of hamartia (or the Latin peccatum) in the Bible on the basis of context alone? This colloquium will address the question of when and how error and wrongdoing acquired the specific sense of sin commonly associated with the Judaeo-Christian tradition – if indeed there was a change. Under examination will be attitudes toward wrongdoing in ancient cults, ideas of pollution, conceptions of God or gods, and more.
Nº 4 (2017)
The editors of Hamsa: Journal of Judaic and Islamic Studies are very pleased to announce the journal is now accepting proposals for its 4th volume.
A number of publications have addressed the question of the coexistence of Buddhism and violence, ultimately concluding that there is no paradox between the two. In various cultural and historical contexts in Asia, the presence of Buddhism as the state religion has often involved the recourse to violence and the maintenance of an army as a necessity of government. Likewise, the policies of Buddhist rulers have repeatedly invoked religious reasons to justify military activities aimed at defending the Dharma. We invite research contributions based on primary sources illustrating the role of the Tibetan Army vis-à-vis different aspects of the Buddhist religion during the historical period of the Ganden Phodrang.
From extraordinary to extra-ordinary
Analyzing the way religion is enacted in media and popular culture one can see the contribution of different discourses on the consecration of celebrities, political personalities, heroes and church representatives. Despite the apparent heterogeneity, these issues are stressing the processes of the usage of religious symbols, in order to communicate a specific construction of new ”islands” of sacrality. How are these (as if) sacred icons preserved and changed in the larger system of symbols that constitute the popular culture? How does popular culture influence religious discourse? Are they really integrated or just and only juxtaposed? How are the new hagiographies constructed? Is media capable of sacralizing heroes, celebrities, political martyrs?
Diffusion and reception from Late Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
The saints of Rome have always been among the most venerated and the most popular heavenly patrons in Christendom, grafting the noble air of universality and integration onto emerging Christian cultures. From the apostles and Early Christian martyrs through the Early Modern period and beyond, the textual and material dissemination of Roman saints made a significant impact on the rise of the cult of the saints. Post-Tridentine Roman cults spread by the Society of Jesus and the revival of catacomb cults brought a new wave in the world-wide cult of the saints of Rome in the early modern period.
‘Exceptionalism’ is a borrowed political term that implies that a country or entity is somehow special. Indonesia is not small. Indonesia is not poor in cultures, religions, society, or ethnic groups. Indonesia is not unimportant economically, regionally, or politically. Historically, Indonesia has always been an exceptional place. Indonesia as ‘imagined community’ continues to be an ongoing process. Various questions that can be raised include: What are relevant Indonesian values and morals for maintaining Indonesia’s competitiveness in the global world? What is religion’s contribution to forming agreed values and ethics? To what extent is there an Indonesian contribution in balancing Islamic values and democratic practices? How do religious values impact the ethics of state governance?
The Institute of Historiography “Julio Caro Baroja”, at the University of Carlos III of Madrid, is organizing an international conference titled, “Sensorium: Sensory Perceptions in the Roman Religion”. Researchers of ancient history, religious history, archeology, anthropology, classical literature, and other related disciplines, are invited to present their research relating to the poly-sensorial practice of religion in the Roman world.
We invite abstracts for contributions on the subject from scholars working with early modern (ca. 15th–18th centuries) hagiographic material, such as beatification and canonisation processes, other miracle accounts, art, vitae, and other spiritual (auto)biographies. The aim is to produce a high-quality collection of articles, which offers cutting-edge and fruitful insights into early modern social and cultural history, using hagiographic texts and art as sources. We especially welcome contributions, which have a sensitive approach to gender, age, health and social status.
Ce colloque se propose de tenter une théorisation de la notion de spirituel afin d'en faire une catégorie scientifique utilisable dans le champ des sciences humaines. Depuis le poststructuralisme, la théorie, notamment littéraire, est devenue experte en matière d'analyse et de remise en question du soubassement idéologique de tout discours. Toutefois, cette « herméneutique du soupçon » (Ricoeur, 1975) se trouve démunie lorsqu'il s'agit d'élaborer une herméneutique « instauratrice de sens » (Ricoeur, 1965) permettant de penser l'humain au-delà de sa matérialité.
Religion, urban planning and demographic change in Post-War Europe, 1945-1975
The research group “Architectural cultures of the recent past” (ARP) of KU Leuven and KADOC, the Documentation and Research Centre on Religion, Culture and Society of KU Leuven, are organizing an international workshop on religion, urban planning and demographic change in post-war Europe as a prelude to an edited volume on this topic, to be published by an international academic press.
Law and Society reshaped by Neo-Scholastic Philosophy, 1880-1960
This workshop aims to provide an opportunity for an explicitly international audience of scholars to reflect on the societal impact of Neo-Thomism, especially in the domains of law and socio-economic thinking. This is a topic deserving a multifaceted and in-depth analysis, using a broad, international comparative perspective and combining the results of very different fields of historical research: history of science, church and religion, social and political history, etc.
Revista "Vegueta", Issue 17, 2017
This dossier of the journal Vegueta aims to collect contributions regarding messianism, Apocalypticism, and the end of the world. All three notions, which embrace the idea of Millenarianism, have evolved whether as a result of research conducted in the field of history or works from the history of thought or social movements. The current historical moment represents a new return of all these three notions, at least from the religious, political, social, literary and philosophical perspectives not to mention the very dimension of the historical profession and its tools and humanities at large.
Religious aspirations, political goals and economic concerns
This conference is the result of a cooperation between the Wittgenstein-Prize Project ‘Mobility, Microstructes and Personal Agency’ of the FWF (Austrian National Research Foundation), acting as the local host, and the Laboratoire d’Excellence RESMED (Religions et sociétés dans le monde méditerranéen, University of Paris-Sorbonne), the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS, UMR 8167, Paris), as well as the Institut français d’archéologie orientale (IFAO, Cairo), the École française de Rome (EfR) and the University of Nantes (CRHIA), who have organized the previous two conferences in this series in Rome.
How large-scale concepts of world-order determine practices in the premodern world?
The conference “Order into Action” asks if political, geographical or religious large-scale concepts constituted the basic elements of systems of world order and how those concepts were translated into concrete actions or practices. In order to include a comparative view on regions and cultures, the confereince combines the perspectives of scholars in European, Arabic and Islamic and Asian Studies, as well as outlooks on premodern societies in (sub-saharan) Africa, the Americas and Australia.
Materiality and Spatiality of Death, Burial and Commemoration
The conference « Transmortality International: Materiality and Spatiality of Death, Burial and Commemoration »conference seeks to explore the interplay of artefacts, spatial practices and social actors.We invite papers from all disciplines, from academics and professionals alike, to reflect on the materiality and spatiality of death, burial and commemoration – for example, concerning cemeteries and other spaces of remembrance.
Over the past decade the scientific interest in relics and kindred artefacts has grown enormously. Without any doubt relics as well as relic shrines and associated objects have played a prominent role in European history since the introduction of Christianity. While in the past primary, secondary as well as tertiary relics were merely studied in relation to their religious and (art) historical background, recently the rise of a more scientific and archaeological approach is noticed. Nowadays researchers become more interested in the origin and nature of these sacred objects
The aim of this meeting is to work about sacrament and oath in the Middle Age. This event will allow to researchers of different relevances (litterature, philosophy, history, philology) to cross their studies.
Ce projet de workshop international a pour ambition de réunir chercheurs et chercheuses en histoire, civilisation, philosophie, sociologie et anthropologie pour revenir sur les liens qui, aux XIXe et XXe siècles, ont pu se tisser entre missionnaires et scientifiques, et de manière plus large, entre missions et sciences.
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