HomeFamilies and kinship

HomeFamilies and kinship

Families and kinship

Familles et environnement

Families and kinship in the face of environmental upheaval: mutations and resistances?

Familles et parenté face aux bouleversements environnementaux : mutations et résistances ?

*  *  *

Published on Thursday, December 08, 2022 by Lucie Choupaut

Summary

Environmental changes have been impacting the living conditions of several populations around the world, at different times. In response to current climate changes, environmental policies encourage or imply profound changes in our ways of life. This conference proposes to examine in what ways do adaptations to environmental changes contribute, or could they contribute, to affect family life and/or kinship relationships.

Announcement

Scientific coordination

Pierre-Yves Wauthier (Centre Norbert Elias/EHESS).

Argument

Environmental changes have been impacting the living conditions of several populations around the world, at different times. In response to current climate changes, environmental policies encourage or imply profound changes in our ways of life. This conference proposes to examine in what ways do adaptations to environmental changes contribute, or could they contribute, to affect family life and/or kinship relationships. The conference will be held on June 5, 2023 at the Centre Norbert Elias in Marseille. It is open to any social science researchers interested in these topics in order to exchange knowledge, identify avenues of research and build a multidisciplinary network.

Since the publicization of measured observations of global warming and the reduction of biodiversity by scientific warning organizations (IPCC, IPBES...), political bodies acting at the macro and meso-social levels (from the UN down to neighborhood associations) have become more keenly aware that society is based on both biological necessities and socially instituted constraints. The European "Green Deal", together with national and regional environmental policies aim to "transform our economy and our societies" (European Commission, 2019, July 14th), to mitigate the impact of human activities on the environment and to adapt our lifestyles to new environmental conditions (Wilson et al., 2021). In practice, these policies concern the sectors of energy, industry, agriculture, land management, building (residential and tertiary), mobility and consumption (goods and services).

Kinship is also at the crossroads of biological necessities and socially instituted constraints (Carsten, 2000; Lévi-Strauss, 1986; Sahlins, 2013). “Doing family” (Morgan, 2011) associates questions of human reproduction with solidarities, reciprocities and transmissions of material and symbolic resources between people who think of themselves as families or act as families (Wauthier, 2022; Weber, 2013). Works in different disciplines of social sciences have highlighted continuities and changes of kinship relationships in times of territorial or economic evolutions (e.g. Cliggett, 2005; Crate, 2006; Godelier, 2004; Goody, 1976, 2000; Mauss & Beuchat, 1904-1905; Oris, 2003; Segalen, 1980).

The changing environmental context is conducive to new organizations of solidarities, reciprocities, or transmissions. Life courses (Hareven, 1978) driven by support for ecological causes, solastalgia or eco-anxiety are emerging out these intertwining of changing conditions. Some individuals are reluctant to have children (Helm, Kemper, & White, 2021; Iverson, Lindsay, & MacInnis, 2020); others, driven by more or less pessimistic visions of the future, gather in small back-to-the-land communities (Benessaiah & Eakin, 2021) or in cluster housing in urban areas. In various parts of the world, the adaptation of local populations to the transformations of their environment has directly affected family practices, sometimes manifesting as a dismantling of traditional gender and generation relationships (Albrecht, 2005; Clavel, Guétat-Bernard, & Verger, 2022; Godelier, 2004).

Changes in climate and environment (and the ways in which they are managed by humans) have generated a variety of situations conducive to understanding the processes of mutation and reproduction of societies and social groups (Crate & Nuttall, 2016; Izdebski & Mulryan, 2019) ; processes in which the family plays a key role as an instance of biological and social reproduction (Godelier, 2007), but also as a locus of adaptive or socially disruptive relationships (e.g. Crate, 2006; Martial, 2003, 2021; Oris & Alter, 2008; Wauthier, in press).

Categories of expected contributions

This call is open to all works in social sciences (history, geography, sociology, ethnology, etc.), without methodological restriction, concerning the continuities and changes of the family in the face of adaptations to environmental changes or limitations of anthropogenic impacts on the environment. This is open to any territory or period, likely to nourish the understanding of the effects of the environmental crisis on kinship and family relations.

This may involve work concerning all areas of kinship or family: forms of residence, filiation, heritage, parenthood, food and energy solidarities, intergenerational care, reproduction, sexuality, attachment, domestic economy, gender relations, identity, and terminology of kinship and identity.

These themes must be directly linked to environmental issues (mitigation of anthropogenic alterations of the environment or adaptations to new living conditions). Some examples include:

Housing

Clustered housing versus geographical dispersion of families: families as geographically scattered (Bonvalet, 2003) and blood-affinity networks (Widmer & La Farga, 2016)

Energy

Frugalities, precariousness, or adaptations of households (Bartiaux & Reátegui Salmón, 2014; Hirt, Sahakian, & Trutnevyte, 2022)

Mobility

Motility of people and goods (Fisch-Romito & Guivarch, 2019), promotion of soft mobility, fuel scarcity, and the interplay of distancing and bonding between family members (Kaufmann, Bergman, & Joye, 2004; Kaufmann & Widmer, 2005)

Home economics, wealth, debt, and income

(Attané, Langewiesche, & Pourcel, 2004; Ekers & Levkoe, 2016; Knight, 2018; Matschoss et al., 2021); new work-family balance related to sharing-, platform-, recycling-, telecommuting-economy... (Rifkin, 2019); family heterotopias related to new modes of production or consumption (economic sovereignty; localism vs. globalism; trade, gift and inheritance; water and commons management...)

Territory

Anthropogenic impacts on the environment and living conditions (Bureau-Point, 2021); ecological emigration, gender and generation relationships (Cliggett, 2005); agrarian and food sovereignty, management of the commons (Ingold, 2018), green urbanism, nature reserve policies (Elie, 2017); permaculture (Centemeri, 2019); (forestalling) the urban sprawl (Hanin & al., 2021), the protection of biodiversity and carbon sinks.

Food

production, sharing and consumption of food, short supply chain... (Attané, 2002; Clavel et al., 2022; Consalès, Guiraud, & Siniscalchi, 2022; Siniscalchi, 2019; Snikersproge, 2022).

Digitization of social relationships

what distance, or resistance to digital technology, does to intergenerational family ties and conjugality (Ag, 2022; Bergström, 2019).

Community experiences

degrowth, survivalist or collapseist communities… (Allard, Monnin, & Tasset, 2019).

Health

Management of pandemics, confinement of families, protection of people at risk, redeployment of care work... (Lambert & Cayouette-Remblière, 2021).

Visions (positive or negative) of the future

Political movements, Ecofeminism (Bauhardt & Harcourt, 2020), degrowth, sustainable development, collapse, green capitalism...

Methodological contributions discussing challenges of producing knowledge at the intersection of different disciplines are also welcome (Izdebski et al., 2016).

Terms of participation

The conference will be held in Marseille on June 5, 2023.

Proposals for papers should be sent to pierre-yves.wauthier@ehess.fr

by January 29, 2023.

Researchers wishing to contribute are requested to send an abstract of their contribution of 250 to 300 words. This abstract should include a short bibliography, a clear presentation of the research materials, 3 to 5 keywords, a biographical note (including institutional and disciplinary affiliation) as well as contact information (first name, last name, and email address).

After evaluation by the organizing committee, the results of the selection of the contributions will be published around February 28, 2023.

Board

  • Eve Bureau-Point (Centre Norbert Elias/CNRS)
  • Laura Centemeri (Centre d’étude des mouvements sociaux/EHESS)
  • Natacha Collomb (Centre Norbert Elias/CNRS)
  • Agnès Martial (Centre Norbert Elias/CNRS)
  • Valeria Siniscalchi (Centre Norbert Elias/EHESS)
  • Pierre-Yves Wauthier (Centre Norbert Elias/EHESS)
  • Florence Weber (Centre Maurice Halbwachs/ENS)

Cited references

Ag, A. (2022). Involved parenthood in digitally mediated interaction. Language & Communication, 83, 49-60. doi:10.1016/j.langcom.2021.12.002

Albrecht, G. (2005). ‘Solastalgia’. A New Concept in Health and Identity. PAN Philosophy Activism Nature, 3, 41–55. doi:10.3316/informit.897723015186456

Allard, L., Monnin, A., & Tasset, C. (2019). Is it too late for collapse? Multitudes, n°76(3). doi:10.3917/mult.076.0053

Attané, A. (2002). Pêcher, courir, trier ses déchets... pratiques de l’environnement ou rapport aux autres. Ethnographie comparée des pratiques de l’environnement dans deux villes françaises (Cherbourg et Martigues). Europeae, 1(2), 261-282. 

Attané, A., Langewiesche, K., & Pourcel, F. (2004). Néoruraux. Vivre autrement. Expériences néo-rurales en pays de Forcalquier. Enquête ethnologique et photographique. Manosque: Le Bec en l’Air éditions.

Bartiaux, F., & Reátegui Salmón, L. (2014). Family Dynamics and Social Practice Theories: An Investigation of Daily Practices Related to Food, Mobility, Energy Consumption, and Tourism. Nature and Culture, 9(2), 204-224. doi:10.3167/nc.2014.090206

Bauhardt, C., & Harcourt, W. (2020). Feminist Political Ecology and the Economics of Care. In Search of Economic Alternatives: Routledge.

Benessaiah, K., & Eakin, H. (2021). Crisis, transformation, and agency: Why are people going back-to-the-land in Greece? Sustain Sci, 16(6), 1841-1858. doi:10.1007/s11625-021-01043-5

Bergström, M. (2019). Les nouvelles lois de l’amour. Sexualité, couple et rencontres au temps du numérique. Paris: La découverte.

Bonvalet, C. (2003). La famille-entourage locale. Population, 58(1), 9-43. doi:10.2307/3271293 

Bureau-Point, E. (2021). Pesticides et récits de crise dans le monde paysan cambodgien. Anthropologie et Santé, (22). doi:10.4000/anthropologiesante.9054

Carsten, J. e. (2000). Cultures of Relatedness: New Approaches to the Study of Kinship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Centemeri, L. (2019). La permaculture ou l'art de réhabiter. Versailles: Editions Quae.

Clavel, D., Guétat-Bernard, H., & Verger, É. (2022). Des céréales locales pour la transition climatique et alimentaire. Pratiques paysannes et pratiques féminines sur les sorghos et les mils du Sahel sénégalais au Deccan indien. VertigO(Volume 22 numéro 1). doi:10.4000/vertigo.35118

Cliggett, L. (2005). Grains from Grass: aging, gender and famine in rural Africa. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Commission, E. (Producer). (2019, July 14th, November 2022). Delivering the European Green Deal. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal/delivering-european-green-deal_en

Consalès, J.-N., Guiraud, N., & Siniscalchi, V. (2022). Les expériences du « local ». Variations et tensions autour de l’alimentation locale dans la région marseillaise. Natures Sciences Sociétés, 30(1), 58-71. doi:10.1051/nss/2022019

Crate, S. A. (2006). Cows, Kin, and Globalization. An Ethnography of Sustainability: Altamira Press.

Crate, S. A., & Nuttall, M. (2016). Anthropology and Climate Change: From Actions to Transformations. New York: Routledge.

Ekers, M., & Levkoe, C. (2016). Transformations in Agricultural Non-waged Work: From Kinship to Intern and Volunteer Labor: A Research Brief. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 1-5. doi:10.5304/jafscd.2016.062.010

Elie, S. D. (2017). Ecological primordialism: the human–environment nexus in Soqotra. GeoJournal, 83(5), 897-913. doi:10.1007/s10708-017-9810-y

Fisch-Romito, V., & Guivarch, C. (2019). Transportation infrastructures in a low carbon world: An evaluation of investment needs and their determinants. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 72, 203-219. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2019.04.014

Godelier, M. (2004). Métamorphoses de la parenté. Paris: Fayard.

Godelier, M. (2007). Au fondement des sociétés humaines. Ce que nous apprend l'anthropologie. Paris: Albin Michel.

Goody, J. (1976). Production and Reproduction. A Comparative Study of the Domestic Domain (Vol. 17). London: Cambridge University Press.

Goody, J. (2000). The European Family: An Historico-Anthropological Essay. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Hanin, Y., & al., e. (2021). La production de logements à l’échelle régionale. Tendances et perspectives. Retrieved from Région Wallonne: 

Hareven, T. H. E. (1978). Transition: The Family and the Life Course in Historical Perspective (T. H. Hareven Ed.). New York: Academic Press.

Helm, S., Kemper, J. A., & White, S. K. (2021). No future, no kids–no kids, no future? Population and Environment, 43(1), 108-129. doi:10.1007/s11111-021-00379-5

Hirt, L. F., Sahakian, M., & Trutnevyte, E. (2022). What subnational imaginaries for solar PV? The case of the Swiss energy transition. Technology in Society, 71. doi:10.1016/j.techsoc.2022.102068

Ingold, A. (2018). Commons and Environmental Regulation in History: The Water Commons Beyond Property and Sovereignty. Theoretical Inquiries in Law, 19(2), 425-456. doi:10.1515/til-2018-0023

Iverson, H., Lindsay, B., & MacInnis, C. C. (2020). You don't want kids?!: Exploring evaluations of those without children. J Soc Psychol, 160(5), 719-733. doi:10.1080/00224545.2020.1742080

Izdebski, A., Holmgren, K., Weiberg, E., Stocker, S. R., Büntgen, U., Florenzano, A., . . . Xoplaki, E. (2016). Realising consilience: How better communication between archaeologists, historians and natural scientists can transform the study of past climate change in the Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 136, 5-22. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.10.038

Izdebski, A., & Mulryan, M. d. (2019). Environment and Society in the Long Late Antiquity. Leyde: Brill.

Kaufmann, V., Bergman, M. M., & Joye, D. (2004). Motility: mobility as capital. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(4), 745-756. doi:10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00549.x

Kaufmann, V., & Widmer, É. D. (2005). L'acquisition de la motilité au sein des familles. Espaces et sociétés, 120-121(2), 199. doi:10.3917/esp.120.0199

Knight, D. M. (2018). The desire for disinheritance in austerity Greece. Focaal, 2018(80), 30-42. doi:10.3167/fcl.2018.800103

Lambert, A., & Cayouette-Remblière, J. (2021). L’explosion des inégalités. Classes, genre et générations face à la crise sanitaire. Paris: Editions de l’Aube.

Lévi-Strauss, C. (1986). Préface. In A. Burguière, C. Klapisch-Zuber, M. Segalen, & F. Zonabend (Eds.), Histoire de la famille (Vol. 1, pp. 9-13). Paris: Armand Colin.

Martial, A. (2003). S'apparenter. Ethnologie des liens de familles recomposées. Paris: Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme.

Martial, A. (2021). Les trois temps des pluriparentalités en France. Une analyse de travaux empiriques contemporains. Revue des politiques sociales et familiales, 139-140(2-3), 89-97. doi:10.3917/rpsf.139.0089

Matschoss, K., Fahy, F., Rau, H., Backhaus, J., Goggins, G., Grealis, E., . . . Vasseur, V. (2021). Challenging practices: experiences from community and individual living lab approaches. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 17(1), 135-151. doi:10.1080/15487733.2021.1902062

Mauss, M., & Beuchat, H. (1904-1905). Essai sur les variations saisonnières des sociétés Eskimos. Etude de morphologie sociale. l'Année Sociologique, IX, 39-132. 

Morgan, D. (2011). Rethinking family practices. Hampshire: Palgrave McMillan.

Oris, M. (2003). The history of migration as a chapter in the history of the European rural family: An overview. The History of the Family, 8(2), 187-215. doi:10.1016/s1081-602x(03)00026-5

Oris, M., & Alter, G. (2008). Effets de fratrie et mobilité sociale intergénérationnelle dans la Belgique urbaine et rurale au XIXe siècle. Annales de démographie historique, 115(1). doi:10.3917/adh.115.0115

Rifkin, J. (2019). Le New Deal vert mondial. Pourquoi la civilisation fossile va s'effondrer d'ici 2028 - Le plan économique pour sauver la vie sur Terre. Paris: Les liens qui libèrent.

Sahlins, M. (2013). What Kinship Is—And Is Not. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Segalen, M. (1980). Mari et femme dans la société paysanne. Paris: Flammarion.

Siniscalchi, V. (2019). Solidarity, calculation, and the economic proximity inside the “vegetable basket” system in the South of France. In V. Siniscalchi & K. Harper (Eds.), Food Values in Europe (pp. 115-131): Bloomsbury Publishing.

Snikersproge, I. (2022). Capitalism, Subsistence Farming, and the (New) Peasantries from the Perspective of the French Neorural Movement. Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment, 44(1), 53-62. doi:10.1111/cuag.12290

Wauthier, P.-Y. (2022). Faire famille sans faire couple. Comprendre l’hétérogénéisation des parcours familiaux (Vol. 36). Bern: Peter Lang.

Wauthier, P.-Y. (in press). Stepping off the ‘Relationship Escalator’. A Spatial Perspective on Residential Arrangements of Consensually Non-Monogamous Parents Sexualities(Special Issue Parenting and Polyamory). 

Weber, F. (2013). Penser la parenté aujourd'hui. La force du quotidien. Paris: Éditions Rue d'Ulm.

Widmer, E. D., & La Farga, L.-A. (2016). Family Networks: A Sociometric Method to Study Relationships in Families. Field Methods, 12(2), 108-128. doi:10.1177/1525822x0001200202

Wilson, C., Guivarch, C., Kriegler, E., van Ruijven, B., van Vuuren, D. P., Krey, V., . . . Thompson, E. L. (2021). Evaluating process-based integrated assessment models of climate change mitigation. Climatic Change, 166(1-2). doi:10.1007/s10584-021-03099-9

Subjects

Event format

Full on-site event


Date(s)

  • Sunday, January 29, 2023

Keywords

  • famille, parenté, environnement

Contact(s)

  • Pierre-Yves Wauthier
    courriel : pierre-yves [dot] wauthier [at] ehess [dot] fr

Information source

  • Lisa George
    courriel : lisa [dot] george [at] univ-amu [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Families and kinship », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Thursday, December 08, 2022, https://calenda.org/1038547

Archive this announcement

  • Google Agenda
  • iCal
Search OpenEdition Search

You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search