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Oases in globalization: ruptures and continuities

Les oasis dans la mondialisation : ruptures et continuités

Los oasis en la globalización: rompimientos y continuidades

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Published on Monday, February 25, 2013 by Elsa Zotian

Summary

This conference aims to provide answers to these broad questions, analyze the local impacts of the inclusion / exclusion of the oases in / out of the globalization process. The conference, held over two days, will focus on the following topics: oases in globalized trade networks ; the internal organization of global oasis: centers, margins, peripheries ; and ruptures and discontinuities in oases in a context of resource scarcity.

Announcement

Argument

Oases, often compared to "desert islands" were early integrated in market economy. Economically, they were commercial nodes (the Silk Road of the Sahara in the Middle East, Latin America commercial oasis), places of transit (migration, nomadism), intersections of infrastructure and structural networks inserted in a hierarchical organization. They thus played a strategic role in structuring the dry lands.

In the current process of globalization, the oases are experiencing significant changes, including the expansion of irrigated areas with agro-industry for export, migration and its impacts, as geopolitical upheavals of the Arab Spring, the urban growth and land pressure, or environmental issues. The question is how and to what extent, trade affect spaces and territories; what are the new inter-oasis networks, what are their relationships with other areas?

At the level of oasis, there is new spatial logic, as it is the case in the coastal areas of Peru where the distinction between old and new oases perimeters gave way to a duality between attractive territories and marginalized spaces. If some oases oriented towards agriculture export are considered “real world- regions”, those that are in isolated areas seem to subsist with difficulty. New activities (such as the exploitation of hydrocarbon resource in the Sahara or the Argentinian foothills of the Andes) or demographic explosion associated with urban oasis (Damascus, Khartoum, Mendoza...) profoundly alter former, socio-economic and spatial balances. In this context, is the distinction between urban and agricultural oases periphery still relevant?

These various mutations finally raise the issue of water resources, crucial in desert environments. Pressure exerted on crop yields, on the margins of urban and industrial areas, together with policies of en masse colonization (Central Asia), etc.., all these factors put a threat on the sustainability of some oasis, all the more as there is an increasing pressure on water quality and water availability in a context of climate changes and/or variations. Ancient oases were based on hierarchical and cohesive societies, with high-technical skills and efficient hydraulics control. The current situation is quite different. Now, questions arise about what are the groups who exert the real control over water resources. These changes in water use and (political) choices in the distribution of available resources lead to socio-spatial changes, may occur in the form of ruptures and discontinuities, where in contrast other systems are still functioning in a fairly unchanging way.

This conference aims to provide answers to these broad questions, analyze the local impacts of the inclusion /exclusion of the oases in/out of the globalization process. The conference, held over two days, will focus on the following topics (non-exhaustive list):

  • Oases in globalized trade networks;
  • The internal organization of global oasis: centers, margins, peripheries;
  • Ruptures and discontinuities in oases in a context of resource scarcity.

Submission guidelines

Proposals for oral presentations and posters will include the following:

  • First and last name, email address (mention the corresponding author if the communication is collective);
  • Professional status, institution (s) of the author/s;
  • Title of the presentation (English, French or Spanish languages accepted);
  • Abstract: 2000 characters (about 300 words) in English, French or Spanish, focusing on issues, originality, privileged disciplinary entry, methods and empirical data used, short reference list;
  • Five keywords

Papers may be in English, French or Spanish, without simultaneous translation. Oral presentations in Spanish and French must be accompanied by a slideshow (PowerPoint) translated into English.

Schedule

  • June 17, 2013: Deadline for submission of abstracts and posters (sent to colloqueoasis2013@gmail.com)

  • September 20, 2013: Response of the organizers (after consulting the Scientific Committee) to the authors
  • November 15, 2013: Sending of presentation manuscripts and posters (Pdf format) to the Organizing Committee
  • December 16-17, 2013: Conference (Université Paris 13-Nord / Villetaneuse & Université Paris-Diderot / XIIIth District of Paris)

Registration fees (payment after acceptance of abstract) amounts to 70 € (35 € for students).

They include access to conference rooms and side events (photographic exhibition and posters by students), abstracts volume, coffee breaks, two lunches on Universities campus and one dinner in Paris city.

For any information: colloqueoasis2013@gmail.com

Organizers

  • Jean-Louis Chaléard (U. Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
  • Monique Fort (U. Paris-Diderot)
  • Emilie Lavie (U. Paris-Diderot)
  • Jérôme Lombard (IRD)
  • Anaïs Marshall (U. Paris 13-Nord)

Scientific committee

  • David Blanchon: MCF-HDR, Paris-Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense, LAVUE
  • Alain Cariou: MCF Paris-Sorbonne, and ENEC PRODIG
  • Jean-Louis Chaléard: Pr, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, PRODIG,
  • Monique Fort: Professor Emeritus, Paris-Diderot, PRODIG,
  • Olivier Graeffe: Professor, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Hermann Kreutzmann: Professor, Free University of Berlin, Germany,
  • Emilie Lavie: MCF, Paris-Diderot, PRODIG,
  • Jerome Lombard: CR-HDR, IRD, PRODIG,
  • Anaïs Marshall: MCF, Paris-Nord, CRESC-Pleiades and PRODIG
  • Sabine Planel: CR IRD, UMR PRODIG
  • Thierry Ruf: DR IRD, UMR GRED
  • Yalikun Tashi: IR CNRS, PRODIG

Places

  • université Paris-Diderot
    Paris, France (75013)
  • Université Paris 13-Nord - 99 bvd J.-B. Clément
    Villetaneuse, France (93)

Date(s)

  • Monday, June 17, 2013

Keywords

  • oasis, mondialisation, ressources

Contact(s)

  • Emilie Lavie
    courriel : emilie [dot] lavie [at] univ-paris-diderot [dot] fr
  • Anaïs Marshall
    courriel : marshall [dot] paris13 [at] gmail [dot] com

Information source

  • Emilie Lavie
    courriel : emilie [dot] lavie [at] univ-paris-diderot [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Oases in globalization: ruptures and continuities », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Monday, February 25, 2013, https://calenda.org/239924

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