HomeAuto/biographies historiques dans les arts

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Published on Wednesday, May 28, 2014 by Elsa Zotian

Summary

Ce colloque consacré à l’étude des auto/biographies historiques dans les arts permettra de croiser les regards sur l’écriture et la représentation du sujet face aux tourments de l’histoire. Du roman à l’écran, de l’écriture scientifique à la création artistique, les biographies historiques traduisent un discours historique dont on envisagera la portée idéologique. L’écriture auto/biographique et historique ne fabrique-t-elle que des héros ? À travers une approche comparative entre les arts (cinéma, théâtre, littérature, arts visuels) et les cultures (française, anglophone, germanique, hispanique), nous interrogerons les enjeux idéologiques et parfois économiques qui sous-tendent ce type de représentations. L’incarnation des personnages historiques à l’écran ou sur la scène permet également de souligner les écarts avec les textes sources, autant de non-dits qui suggèrent le poids de l’idéologie dans le devoir de mémoire.

Announcement

Argument 

The auto/biographies of famous historical characters articulate a personalized approach to events: not only do they underline the agency of charismatic individuals at key moments of the past, but they also bring to light private and intimate details that put forth the human value of testimonials. Whether conceived as scientific studies or used as primary sources for biographic novels, historical biographies illustrate the porosity of genre boundaries. The writing of history makes use of fictional devices that dramatize the narrative of History. In postcolonial studies, Homi Bhabba enhances the importance of the historical subject who tells his/her own story, providing a counter narrative to official history – whether colonial or postcolonial (ex: Mahatma Ghandi’s biography or Nelson Mandela’s autobiography). The focus on a central protagonist gives meaning to the narrative of History in the past or in the present, embodied by an emblematic character whose private life is overshadowed or put in the limelight by the weight of duty. The writing and the film making of historical auto/biographies may be displayed as imaginary reconstitutions; they also illustrate the bearing of memory, feelings and resentment, on the narrative of history.

Historical biographies blur the boundaries between fiction and nonfiction on screen and on stage: the documentary techniques are used to construct an impression of authenticity in biopics whereas the comedian’s interpretation gives life to the character on stage. From novel to screen, from scientific writing to artistic creation, historical biographies articulate a historical discourse whose ideological construction we endeavor to decipher. Does the writing of historical biographies make only heroes? Through a comparative approach between various artistic (cinema, theatre, literature, visual arts) and cultural (French, Anglo-American, Hispanic, German) productions, we will question the myth of the “Great Man” history formulated by historian Clayborne Carson.

Possible avenues for exploration:

  • biographical works (novels, films, plays, paintings) and their historical discourse
  • the adaptations of biographical and autobiographical novels
  • the relation to autobiographies and to the history of the French New Wave Cinema
  • ethno-biographical cinema and the representation of the filmed subject and its culture
  • he scientific and documentary writing of historical auto/biographies
  • the ideological discourse of biopics and their contribution to memory
  • gender, race and class in historical biographies
  • the economic-industrial factors behind the making of biopics (cinema/television/theatre)

Submission guidelines

Please send an abstract of 200-250 words and a brief CV (which must include your title, institutional affiliation and email address) to :

Benaouda.Lebdai@univ-lemans.fr ; Delphine.Letort@univ-lemans.fr ; Erich.Fisbach@univ-angers.fr 

by June 15, 2014

Conference : March 25-26 (Le Mans), March 27 (Angers), 2015

Organizing Committee

  • Delphine Letort (Le Mans),
  • Benaouda Lebdai (Le Mans),
  • Tanya Ann Kennedy (Farmington),
  • Daniel Gunn (Famington),
  • Erich Fisbach (Angers)
  • Christophe Dumas (Angers)

 Scientific committee

Redouane Aboueddahab (Pr, Le Mans), Dorothea Bohnekamp (Mcf, Le Mans), Clint Bruce (Mcf, Farmington), María-José Bruña (Mcf, Salamanque), Raul Caplan (Mcf, Angers), Sandra Contamina (Mcf, Angers), Dominique Dubois (Pr, Angers), Christophe Dumas (Mcf, Angers), Daniel Gunn (Pr, Farmington), Eliane Elmaleh (Pr, Le Mans), Hélène Goujat (Mcf, Angers), Tanya Ann Kennedy (Mcf, Farmington), Julien Kilanga (Pr, Angers), Franck Laurent (Pr, Le Mans), Benaouda Lebdai (Pr, Le Mans), Hélène Lecossois (Mcf, Le Mans), Delphine Letort (Mcf, Le Mans), Guillermo Mira (Mcf, Salamanque), Roselyne Mogin-Martin (Pr, Angers), Catherine Pergoux-Baeza (Mcf, Angers), Nathalie Prince (Pr, Le Mans), Jeffrey Thomson (Pr, Farmington), Taïna, Tukhunen (Pr, Angers), Shannon Wells-Lassagne (Mcf, Lorient).

Places

  • Le Mans, France (72000)

Date(s)

  • Sunday, June 15, 2014

Keywords

  • autobiographie, biographie, arts

Contact(s)

  • Delphine Letort
    courriel : delphine [dot] letort [at] univ-lemans [dot] fr

Reference Urls

Information source

  • Delphine Letort
    courriel : delphine [dot] letort [at] univ-lemans [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Auto/biographies historiques dans les arts », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Wednesday, May 28, 2014, https://calenda.org/285814

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