HomeLes droites latino-américaines pendant la guerre froide (1959–1989) : l’autre révolution ?

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Published on Thursday, October 02, 2014 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

Les Cahiers des Amériques latines, journal ot the Institut des hautes études sur l’Amérique latine (université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3) invites social scientists to deepen this exploration of the Latin American Right Wings during the Cold War (1959-1989). Assuming that we can not understand them without inscribing their temporality and historicity in the Cold War, we will ask us if there is a new political generation emerging in the 60’s and if this generation is connected to the neo-conservative revolution of Ronald Reagan and Margareth Thatcher in the 80’s. This issue, to be published in the fall of 2015, will focuse on the circulation of ideas and theories, actors and practices, symbols and subjectivities of political parties and political leaders, but also of social, economic and cultural actors. It will favor empirically based articles with a comparative reading of Latin American Rights or with a connected history approach within the Euro-American space.

Announcement

Argument

Literary or filmic representations and historiographical debates on the 1960s in Latin America primarily refer to the leftist revolutionary movements and the questioning of the social and economic order. Thus, university students, farmers, industrial workers, guerrillas and even left-oriented religious people seem to have occupied the whole political space available at that time, or at least to have been at the origin of the most radical and creative proposals. To the right of the political spectrum - despite all the necessary reservations about using this term in the Latin American context -, the social, economic, cultural, and political actors who have opposed this process are still largely unknown. They were often seen only as agents of American imperialism and / or supporters of authoritarian regimes aimed at maintaining the power of a local ruling class in the service of “international capitalism”.

Far from this caricature, recent studies and research projects have highlighted both the difficulties that exist in defining precisely who the rightists were south of the Rio Grande and the complex plural expressions of this political family[1]. In this issue of Cahiers des Amériques latines, to be published in the fall of 2015, we therefore invite social scientists to deepen this exploration of Latin American Right Wings, focusing on a specific and insufficiently known period, that of the Cold War (from the 1959 Cuban Revolution to the end of General Pinochet dictatorship in 1989). Although the time frame proposed here is one of political history, we hope the proposals will not be limited to political parties and political leaders, but will also take into account social and economic as well as cultural actors. Marina Franco and Benedetta Calandra, in the collective book La guerra fría cultural en América latina (Biblos, Buenos Aires, 2012), have shown that taking into account various actors offers a better understanding of circulatory logics that go beyond the ideological framework and underline cultural and political imaginaires and collective sensitivities. These various approaches can lead us to consider the emergence of a new generation of rightists in the 1960s, a generation aware of its status of new social actor, projecting itself into the public sphere as such, emancipating itself from the thought patterns of the traditional parties ad social classes and representing some kind of counterpart to the left-wing youth.

Other authors suggest that Latin American Rights during the Cold War are defined almost entirely by their anti-communism and their affiliation to the United States as part of a total crusade against the "subversive communist enemy ". If that was the case, it would then be deduced that the Cold War Right Wings were radically different from those that have been on the political stage since the fall of the Berlin Wall, these past twenty-five years. Indeed, anti-communism has disappeared nowadays from rightist discourses, to be replaced by a market-centered ideology in the context of a globalized Neoliberal economy. We argue here that it is necessary to examine the personal, organizational, and economic ties that link the discourses of today’s Rights with their predecessors of the Cold War. The experience of military dictatorships – of which current right wings seem to deny the very existence - plays a fundamental role in shaping and redefining this political family. Based on this observation, it is interesting to wonder whether the transformation of right wings under authoritarian regimes between the 1960s and the 1980s have a direct or indirect link with the neoconservative revolution initiated by Ronald Reagan in the United States and Margaret Thatcher in Great Britain in the early 1980s.

Therefore this issue of the Cahiers des Amériques latines will favor empirically based articles with a comparative reading of Latin American Rights or with a connected history approach within the Euro-American space. This issue will seek to highlight the practical details of borrowings and circulations (networks, spaces, actors and vectors of contact situations and appropriation mechanisms). It will seek to describe the circulation of ideas and theories, actors and practices, symbols and subjectivities, assuming that we cannot understand the Latin American Rights today without inscribing their temporality and historicity in the Cold War.

[1] See for example a) the Symposium  « Penser les droites en Amérique latine au XXsiècle » – Institut des Hautes Etudes sur l’Amérique Latine – Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3/Université Paris 8/Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento. http://calenda.org/274668 (Proceedings papers to be published in January 2015), b) “Workshops on South-American Right-Wings in the 20th century”, at the Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento and Universidad Nacional del Centro (papers available at www.ungs.edu.ar/derechas/). We can also mention Motta, Rodrigo Patto Sá (ed.), “Right-Wing in History”, in Varia historia. vol.30 no.52, Belo Horizonte Jan./Apr. 2014  (http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_issuetoc&pid=0104-877520140001&lng=en&nrm=iso)

Guidelines submission

Proposals for articles, written in French, Spanish, English, or Portuguese, shall contain the following information:

  • Author’s full name
  • University
  • Function
  • Short CV with email address
  • Proposed article Title
  • Abstract specifying the content of the article (1500 characters maximum)

The proposals must be sent to Stéphane Boisard (stephane.boisard@univ-paris3.fr) and Ernesto Bohoslavsky (ebohosla@ungs.edu.ar)

before November 15th, 2014

For more information on the instructions for the authors, see journal website http://cal.revues.org/2324

Timetable

  • Abstracts submission deadline: November 15th, 2014
  • Article submission deadline: February 15th, 2015
  • Expected publication: Autumn 2015

Places

  • Paris, France (75)

Date(s)

  • Saturday, November 15, 2014

Keywords

  • droite, Guerre froide, révolution néoconservatrice, histoire connectée

Contact(s)

  • Stéphane Boisard
    courriel : boisard [dot] uft [at] protonmail [dot] com
  • Ernesto Bohoslavsky
    courriel : derechas [at] ungs [dot] edu [dot] ar

Information source

  • Stéphane Boisard
    courriel : boisard [dot] uft [at] protonmail [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« Les droites latino-américaines pendant la guerre froide (1959–1989) : l’autre révolution ? », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Thursday, October 02, 2014, https://calenda.org/300535

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