HomeLe créole haïtien : histoire, évolution, grammaire et lexique

HomeLe créole haïtien : histoire, évolution, grammaire et lexique

*  *  *

Published on Monday, March 27, 2023

Abstract

Cette journée d’étude est l’occasion de réunir les chercheurs s’intéressant aux langues créoles en vue de réfléchir sur l’histoire du créole haïtien, son évolution, sa grammaire et son lexique en comparaison avec les autres langues créoles.

Announcement

The study day will be held in Port-au-Prince in hybrid mode, October 20th, 2023

Argument

There are several hypotheses on the genesis of creole languages in general. We can mention here the one of Bickerton (1981, 1984) which postulates that the creoles are the expression of a faculty of language that all human beings possess, the 'bioprogram'. Chaudenson (1992), for his part, relies on European languages to explain the emergence of these languages. In the case of French-based Creoles, their grammar and lexicon are formed from the varieties of French of the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries. As for Sylvain (1936) and Lefebvre (1996), they rely on certain African languages, particularly Ewe, to explain the formation of Creoles. Their syntax is formed, according to them, from Ewe and their lexicon is derived from French.

By focusing on the common origins of Creole languages, these hypotheses fail to explain the functioning of each of them according to their specificity. For example, if the TMA morphemes of French Creoles come from certain varieties of colonial French, as Chaudenson (2003) argues, how can we explain the differences between these Creoles? What is the specificity of Haitian Creole compared to other Creoles? How does this language evolve through time? How can we describe its grammar and lexicon?

This study day will be an opportunity for researchers to reflect on these different issues.

These questions and many others will be addressed from the following thematic axes:

Axis 1: The history and evolution of Haitian Creole

The focus here will be on the history of Haitian Creole and its evolution in the Haitian society. In this axis, the reflections can also be based on a comparative analysis of the history and evolution of Creole languages starting from Haitian Creole.

Axis 2: The contributions of French and African languages to the constitution of the grammar and lexicon of Haitian Creole

In this axis, the focus will be on the contribution of French and/or African languages such as Ewe mentioned by Lefebvre (1996) and Fongbe cited by Tossa (2008) for example, to the grammar and lexicon of Haitian Creole. Other reflections related to the influence of English and Spanish, such as those of Govain (2014), on Haitian Creole as it is spoken today in Haiti can also be exposed in this axis.

Axis 3: Haitian linguistics, creolistics and general linguistics

This axis offers the opportunity to reflect on Haitian linguistics, to question the great debates that exist in it, as initiated by Paul et al. (2022). It is also an opportunity to reflect on the place of Haitian linguistics in creolistics and the contribution of creolistics to the linguistic theory.

Submission procedure

Proposals for papers of 1/2 pages, in maximum, including references (Word, Times New Roman size 12, single-spaced), which may be written in French, Haitian Creole or English, and should be sent to journeeetudecreole@gmail.com in two documents. Thus, the first must contain the name(s) of the author(s), their institutional affiliations and contact information, followed by the title and the proposal; and the second may contain only the title and the proposal without the preceding elements. The author should specify the axis in which he/she wishes to present his/her proposal.

The proposals will be evaluated through a double-blind peer review process by two members of the scientific committee.

Languages of the study day: French, Haitian Creole, English.

Publication: After evaluation and selection, the texts resulting from the various papers will be published in a collective work.

Dates to remember

  • March 15, 2023 : Call for papers
  • June 15, 2023 : Proposals Submission

  • August 15, 2023 : Acceptance Notification
  • October 20, 2023 : Study day in Port-au-Prince.

Scientific Committee

  • Herby Glaude (Univ. d’État d’Haïti/LangSÉ)
  • Renauld Govain (Univ. d’État d’Haïti/LangSÉ)
  • Rochambeau Lainy (Univ. d’État d’Haïti/LangSÉ)
  • Juliette Facthum-Sainton (Univ. des Antilles/CRREF)
  • Anne Zribi-Hertz (Univ. Paris VIII/CNRS/SFL)
  • Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (Univ. Paris VIII/CNRS/SFL)

Organizing Committee

  • Anne Sherley Legouté (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, FAU, Erlangen-Nünberg/GRESKA)
  • Mideline Dragon Jules-Saint (Université d’Etat d’Haïti, Université Paris 8,  LangSÉ/SFL/GRESKA)
  • Moles Paul (Université d’Etat d’Haïti, LangSÉ/GRESKA)
  • Nedet François (Université Paris Sorbonne/ LangSÉ/STIH, GRESKA)

Organized by GRESKA (Gwoup Rechèch sou Sans nan Kreyòl Ayisyen) and LangSÉ (Laboratoire Langue, Société, Éducation)

References cited

Bickerton, D. (1981). Roots of language. Karoma: Ann Arbor.

Bickerton, D. (1984). The language bioprogram hypothesis, Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 7:173 – 188.

Chaudenson, R.  (1992).  Des iles, des hommes, des langues: langues créoles-cultures créoles.  Paris : L’Harmattan.

Chaudenson, R. (2003). La créolisation : théorie, applications, implications. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Govain, R. (2014). Les emprunts du créole haïtien à l’anglais et à l’espagnol. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Lefebvre, C. (1996). The tense, mood and aspect system of Haitian Creole and the problem of transmission of grammar in creole genesis. Journal of pidgin and creole languages, 11, 231-313.

Paul, M. et al. (2022). Pou yon lengwistik ayisyen. In Govain, Renauld (Dir.), Otograf kreyòl, istwa, evolisyon, analiz: Fokis sou kreyòl ayisyen an, Rechèch Etid Kreyòl, Massachussetts: Jebca Editions. 

Sylvain, S. C. (1936). Le créole haïtien, morphologie et syntaxe. Wetteren : De Meester.

Tossa, C. Z. (2008). Survivances linguistiques africaines dans les créoles : permanence de mots et préservation de sens ; le fongbe du bénin et le créole haïtien, revue électronique internationale de sciences du langage sudlangues N. 9 - 2008.

Subjects

Event attendance modalities

Hybrid event (on site and online)


Date(s)

  • Thursday, June 15, 2023

Keywords

  • créole haïtien, histoire, grammaire, lexique

Contact(s)

  • Paul Moles
    courriel : paulmoles2 [at] gmail [dot] com

Information source

  • Paul Moles
    courriel : paulmoles2 [at] gmail [dot] com

License

CC0-1.0 This announcement is licensed under the terms of Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal.

To cite this announcement

« Le créole haïtien : histoire, évolution, grammaire et lexique », Study days, Calenda, Published on Monday, March 27, 2023, https://doi.org/10.58079/1ati

Archive this announcement

  • Google Agenda
  • iCal
Search OpenEdition Search

You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search