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Foreign Consulates and Consular Agents in France in the 20th Century

Consulats et consuls étrangers en France au XXe siècle

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Published on Thursday, June 08, 2023

Abstract

The presence of embassies, consulates and other foreign diplomatic representations in France is a relatively undocumented subject, particularly in contemporary history, although it lies at the crossroads of the history of diplomacy and international relations, economic history and the history of immigration. This call for papers aims to generate contributions for the second year of our webinar, intending to continue the exploration and unravelling of French international and diplomatic history 'from below' in the 20th century.

Announcement

Argument

The presence of embassies, consulates and other foreign diplomatic representations[2] in France is a relatively undocumented subject, particularly in contemporary history, although it lies at the crossroads of the history of diplomacy and international relations, economic history and the history of immigration [1].

Most French-language studies on diplomatic missions are devoted to French diplomats, ambassadors or consuls, who represented France abroad [2]. With the exception of works on architecture or art history, it is difficult to find recent scientific research on foreign diplomats posted in France in the 20th century [3]. If the figure of the ambassador is usually a central character of these works, foreign consuls in France are almost non-existent in diplomatic studies [4]. Research on these consuls is probably rooted more in the diplomatic histories of the various accrediting countries, which may partly explain this impression of historiographical silence [5]. However, the field of consular studies has been particularly dynamic for the modern period in recent years. The themes and angles developed are numerous, touching on locations [6] as well as the political, commercial and information missions of consuls [7], to mention only the main and most obvious consular activities. These works, sometimes covering the long 19th century, are characterised by a strong Mediterranean tropism [8]. In comparison, we know very little about foreign consuls and consulates in France after the First World War, particularly in territories far from Paris and the Mare Nostrum. In this incomplete history, it is important to emphasise the many faces, statuses and functions of the consular figure in the 20th century.

This call for papers aims to generate contributions for the second year of our webinar, intending to continue the exploration and unravelling of French international and diplomatic history 'from below' in the 20th Century. From an international perspective, this year’s discussions will reflect on what consular networks say about other countries' perceptions of France and the French power, and about the relationship of these representatives and the communities they represent to France, to Europe and to the world. Investigating the main factors in the opening of a consular post, wondering who professional consuls (and their subordinates in offices that are sometimes numerous in staff) and honorary consuls are, and what are their backgrounds, networks, practices and functions, the webinar also intends to question the insertion of French cities and local territories in international, transnational and global dynamics.

Proposals related to the following topics will be especially welcome:

  • Reasons and contexts of the opening of foreign consulates in French cities, both in metropolitan France and in colonial and overseas territories
  • The reasons for, and consequences of, the closing of consulates
  • The very different roles and attributions of professional as well as honorary consuls.
  • The impact that the establishment of one or several consular missions have on a city and or on local environment
  • The installation of consulates of formerly colonised countries in the second half of the century
  • The ways in which consuls and consulates valorise and patrimonialise their history and/or institutional memory

Publication in a peer-reviewed journal is planned for 2025.

Submission guidelines

Proposals (in French or English, around 2,000 characters long) should include an abstract (with indication of sources) and a short bio-bibliographical presentation. They are to be sent to:

  • Marion Aballéa (maballea@unistra.fr)
  • Judith Bonnin (judith.bonnin@u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr)
  • Jérémy Guedj (jeremy.guedj@univ-cotedazur.fr)

due no later than 7 July 2023.

Organisation committee

  • Marion Aballéa, Associate professor in contemporary history (Université de Strasbourg),
  • Judith Bonnin, Associate professor in contemporary history, (Université Bordeaux Montaigne)
  • Jérémy Guedj, Associate professor in contemporary history, (Université Côte-d’Azur)

Bibliographic guidelines

[1] Badel Laurence, Diplomaties européennes, XIXe-XXIe siècle, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2021.

[2] Lequesne Christian, Ethnographie du Quai d'Orsay : les pratiques des diplomates français, Paris, CNRS éditions, 2020 ; Sim Gérald, Le corps diplomatique et consulaire français aux États-Unis : 1815-1904, Paris, les Indes savantes, 2020 ; Warlin Jean-Fred, Représenter la France à la cour des Tsarines : les deux ambassades du marquis de La Chétardie en Russie, Paris, Editions Persée, 2020 ; Hanotin Guillaume, Ambassadeur de deux couronnes : Amelot et les Bourbons, entre commerce et diplomatie, Madrid ; Casa de Velázquez, 2018 ; Vaïsse Maurice (dir.), Diplomatie française : outils et acteurs depuis 1980, Paris, Odile Jacob, 2018 ; Aballéa Marion, Un exercice de diplomatie chez l'ennemi : l'ambassade de France à Berlin, 1871-1933, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2017 ; Jesné Fabrice (dir.), Les consuls, agents de la présence française dans le monde : XVIIIe-XIXe siècles, Rennes, PUR, 2017 ; Sottoriva Samuele, Un intellettuale a Palazzo Farnese: Gilles Martinet ambasciatore di Francia a Roma (1981-1984), Milano, F. Angeli, 2017 ; Bensacq-Tixier Nicole, Histoire des diplomates et consuls français en Chine, 1840-1911, Paris, Indes Savantes, 2008 ; Brandli Fabrice (dir.), Le nain et le géant : la République de Genève et la France au XVIIIe siècle : cultures politiques et diplomatie, Rennes, PUR, 2012 ; Alliot David, L'affaire Louis-Ferdinand Céline : les archives de l'ambassade de France à Copenhague, 1945-1951, Paris, Horay, 2007 ; Ferragu Gilles, “Camille Barrère, ambassadeur de France à Rome”, thèse de doctorat en Histoire, université Paris 10, 1999.

[3] Clerc Louis, Place de Finlande : Suomen pariisin-suurlähetystön historia / Une histoire de l’ambassade de Finlande en France, Helsinki, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2017 ; Schillo Frédérique, La politique française à l’égard d’Israël, 1946-1959, Bruxelles, André Versaille, 2012 ; Rack Katrin, Unentbehrliche Vertreter. Deutsche Diplomaten in Paris, 1815-1870, Berlin / Boston, De Gruyter / Oldenbourg, 2017 ; Wacław Jędrzejewcz (dir.), Diplomat in Paris, 1936-1939 : papers and memoirs of Juliusz Łukasiewicz, Ambassador of Poland, New York, London, Columbia University Press, 1970.

[4] H. Roberts Priscilla and S. Roberts Richard, Thomas Barclay (1728-1793) : consul in France, diplomat in Barbary, Bethlehem, Lehigh University Press, cop. 2008 ; Reuss Peter Mathias, Die Mission Hausenstein: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der deutsch-französischen Beziehungen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, Sinzheim, Pro-Universitäte Verlag, 1995.

[5] En langue française sont surtout accessibles un certain nombre de récits autobiographiques émanant de ces acteurs diplomatiques / in French, the main source of information comes from autobiographical accounts of the actors: Jefferson Thomas, Un Américain à Paris : l'ambassade de Thomas Jefferson, 1785-1789, Orléans, Éditions infimes, DL 2017 ; Nordling Raoul, Sauver Paris : mémoires du consul de Suède, 1905-1944, Paris, Éd. Payot & Rivages, impr. 2012.

[6] Grenet Mathieu (dir.), La maison consulaire. Espaces, fonctions et usagers (XVIe-XXIe siècle), PUP, 2021.

[7] Bartolomei Arnaud, Calafat Guillaume, Grenet Mathieu et Ulbert Jörg (dir.), De l’utilité commerciale des consuls. L’institution consulaire et les marchands dans le monde méditerranéen (XVIIe-XXe siècle), Rome-Madrid, École française de Rome, 2017 ; Marzagalli Silvia (dir.), Les consuls en Méditerranée, agents d'information : XVIe-XXe siècle, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2015 ; Jörg Ulbert et Gérard Le Bouëdec (dir.), La fonction consulaire à l'époque moderne : l'affirmation d'une institution économique et politique, 1500-1800, Rennes, PUR, 2006.

[8] Marzagali Silvia et Ulbert Jörg (dir.), « De l’intérêt d’être consul en Méditerranée », Cahiers de la Méditerranée, 98, juin 2019 ; Massé Alexandre, Un empire informel en Méditerranée : les consuls de France en Grèce et dans l'Empire ottoman : images, ingérences, colonisation, 1815-1856, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2019 ; Sempéré Julien, S'informer pour s'enrichir : le consul de France à Barcelone et ses réseaux, 1679-1716, Perpignan, Presses universitaires de Perpignan, 2018 ; Faü Jean-François, Les consulats français d'Alexandrie et de Massaoua : destins croisés, Paris, Geuthner, impr. 2014 ; Goussaud-Falgas Geneviève, Le consulat de France à Tunis aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles : vie quotidienne, Paris, l'Harmattan, 2014 ; Jesne Fabrice, Consoli : consuls et services consulaires italiens, XVIIIe-XXe siècles https://consoli.hypotheses.org/, blog lancé en/ initiated in 2012 ; Faivre d'Arcier Amaury, Les oubliés de la liberté : négociants, consuls et missionnaires français au Levant pendant la Révolution, 1784-1798, Paris, PIE-P. Lang, 2007. Pour une synthèse historiographique et bibliographique / for an historiographical and bibliographical : « Les consuls dans tous leurs états : essai et bibliographie (avant 1914) », Cahiers de la Méditerranée, 93, décembre 2016.

Notes

[2] Consular offices, consular agencies, consular missions, vice-consulates, consulates legations, nunciatures.

Event attendance modalities

Full online event


Date(s)

  • Friday, July 07, 2023

Keywords

  • consulat, consul, diplomatie, relation internationale, immigration

Contact(s)

  • Jérémy Guedj
    courriel : jeremy [dot] guedj [at] univ-cotedazur [dot] fr
  • Judith Bonnin
    courriel : judith [dot] bonnin [at] u-bordeaux-montaigne [dot] fr
  • Marion Aballea
    courriel : maballea [at] unistra [dot] fr

Information source

  • Jérémy Guedj
    courriel : jeremy [dot] guedj [at] univ-cotedazur [dot] fr

License

CC0-1.0 This announcement is licensed under the terms of Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal.

To cite this announcement

« Foreign Consulates and Consular Agents in France in the 20th Century », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Thursday, June 08, 2023, https://doi.org/10.58079/1bbc

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