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    Lodges, Chapters and Orders

    Fraternal Organisations and the structuring of Gender Roles in Europe (1300-2000)

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    Publié le lundi 27 mai 2002 par Natalie Petiteau


    An international conference hosted by:           The Centre for Research into Freemasonry           The Centre for Gender Studies in Europe At Halifax Hall, University of Sheffield, 11-13 July 2002. Conference organisers: Professors Andrew Presco


    An international conference hosted by:
              The Centre for Research into Freemasonry
              The Centre for Gender Studies in Europe
    At Halifax Hall, University of Sheffield, 11-13 July 2002.
    Conference organisers: Professors Andrew Prescott and Máire Cross

    Fraternal societies have formed a significant part of societal relations in Europe from the earliest times.

    This conference will explore the world of:

    * Confraternities
    * Craft guilds
    * Journeymen's organisations (including the compagnonnage)
    * Freemasonry and pseudo-masonic organisations
    * Friendly societies (Oddfellows, Druids, Foresters, etc.)
    * Sectarian and political groups (Jacobite fraternities; United Irishmen; Orange Order; Fenians)
    * Religious orders

    A common characteristic of these organisations is the way in which they reinforce and interact with gendered hierarchies in society. This conference will explore all aspects of this theme, particularly in connection with the following issues:

    * Definition and typology of fraternal organisations.
    * The extent to which a gendered perspective assists in categorising and interpreting fraternal organisations and in understanding their inter-relationships.
    * The extent to which a same-sex membership was an incentive to join a fraternal organisation.
    * The process by which fraternal organisations became same-sex organisations. How far did women participate in craft guilds in the medieval and early modern period, and how did these organisations emerge as single sex organisations?
    * The development by women of their own organisations based on fraternal models (the popularity of women's freemasonry in the 18th century; women's friendly societies; the rise of co-masonry, a mixed form of freemasonry), and its relationship to women's history.
    * The circumstances under which fraternal organisations admitted both sexes. Why were modern Temperance Orders often mixed?
    * The way in which fraternal organisations underpinned gendered hierarchies. How far did they help determine gender roles in the workplace? In what ways did they reinforce preconceptions about the gender roles in such areas as education or charitable provision?
    * The way in which the ritual, corporate mythology and other features of fraternal organisations reflects gendered constructions and reinforces gendered structures.
    * The extent to which the fictive kinships of fraternal organisations have a gendered dimension.
    * The different ways in which the excluded sex are nevertheless involved in the support of same-sex organisations.
    * Interaction between fraternal organisations and shared historical developments.

    The conference, by analysing the gendered dimension of these organisations, will provide radical new perspectives on their social and cultural impact in Europe.
    The conference organisers intend to publish an edited collection of the papers.


    11 July 2002


    14:00 - 15:15

    Professor James Smith Allen, Department of History, Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Constructing Sisterhood: Gender in the French Masonic Movement, 1740-1940.

    15:15 - 15:45

    15:45 - 18:00

    Dr Anne Winston-Allen, Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, Southern Illinois University Carbondale. From Beguines to Monastic Orders: Gendered Perspective in Women's Late-Medieval Convent Foundation Histories.

    Professor Andrew Prescott, Director, Centre for Research into Freemasonry, University of Sheffield. Men and Women in the English Gild Returns of 1389.

    Professor Meg Twycross, Department of English, University of Lancaster. The Triumph of Isabella, or The Archduchess and the Parrot.

    18:00 - 19:00

    19:00 - 20:30


    Professor David Stevenson, Department of History, University of St Andrews. Celebrating The Phallus In Scotland. The Beggar's Benison, 1732-1836.


    12 July 2002

    09:00 - 10:30

    Andreas Önnerfors, PhD student, University of Lund/Sweden. 'Sisters of virtue' - the Debate on Women's Membership in Secret Orders. An Example from the 1740s Swedish-Pomerania.

    Dr Robert Beachy, Department of History, Wake Forest University. Masonic Apologetic Writings and the Construction of Gender in Enlightenment Europe.

    10:30 - 11:00

    11:00 - 12:30

    Professor Mary Ann Clawson, Department of Sociology, Weslyan University. Fraternal Association and the Problem of Masculine Consumption.

    12:30 - 14:00

    14:00 - 14:30

    Victoria Dennis, Project Officer, Friendly Societies Research Project, Library and Museum of Freemasonry, London. The Friendly Societies Project at the Library and Museum of Freemasonry.

    14:30 - 16:00

    Professor Pamela King, Department of English, St. Martin's College Lancaster. Squads and Ha's: Gender Roles and Civic Space in Lerwick's Up Helly Aa.

    Anthony Buckley and Linda Buckley, Ulster Folk Museum. "Not a religion": Masculinity, Republicanism and the Masonic Third Degree.

    16:00 - 16:30

    16:30 - 18:00

    Professor Máire Cross, Department of French, University of Sheffield. Flora Tristan's Song Contest: One Woman's Instrusion in a Man's World of Song and Associations.

    Anne Pilcher-Dayton, Librarian of the Order of Women Freemasons and postgraduate student, University of Sheffield. The Rev. Dr. William Cobb, 1857-1941, and the Honourable Fraternity of Ancient Masonry (the Order of Women Freemasons).

    Conference dinner and bar

    13 July 2002

    09:00 - 10:30

    Duncan Moore, independent scholar, Liverpool. "Associations for the Prosecution of Felons - a Confraternity Born out of Necessity".

    James Ward, PhD student, School of English, University of Leeds. The Dublin Guilds in the 1720s: Politics, Paternalism and Fraternalism.

    10:30 - 11:00

    11:00 - 13:00

    Nicola Reader, PhD student, School of History, University of Leeds. Female Friendly Societies and the Development of Female Consciousness.

    Dr Dan Weinbren, Research Fellow, Faculty of Social Sciences, Open University More than Male Order? The Social Capital of Female Friendly Societies.


    • Sheffield, Grande-Bretagne


    • jeudi 11 juillet 2002


    • Ms Amy Hall
      courriel : a [dot] s [dot] hall [at] shef [dot] ac [dot] uk

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