HomeH.L.A. Hart, le droit et la morale

H.L.A. Hart, le droit et la morale

Pour les cinquante ans de « Law, Liberty and Morality »

*  *  *

Published on Wednesday, April 17, 2013 by Luigia Parlati

Summary

To mark the translation into French of the works of H.L.A. Hart at the intersection of legal and moral philosophy, and to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of Law, Liberty, and Morality (in 2013), this symposium will be dedicated to this greatly overlooked dimension of Hart’s oeuvre. The book in question will be presented and discussed during the morning session. The afternoon session will seek out a more general understanding of the separation of law and morals in hartian legal positivism.

Announcement

Argument

H.L.A. Hart’s famous book Law, Liberty and Morality (1963) – followed shortly after by The Morality of the Criminal Law – remains to a large extent unknown in France. In the Anglo-Saxon world, however, it is essential reading for students in the fields of law, political science, and contemporary history. This cycle of conferences (The Hamlyn Lectures), structured around the theme of the liberalisation of homosexuality in the decade which would lead up to the events of the spring of 1968, catapulted Hart to the status of public intellectual. Besides its historical importance, it represents the contribution of this great legal philosopher to an area of study which is often overlooked on the Continent.

Hart devoted other major works to an analysis of the legal phenomenon properly understood, and to a reformulation of the programme of legal positivism within a common law culture. He thus championed the idea that positive law can bear any content – however immoral – and remain good law ; and by operating a separation of law and morals he excluded any possibility of an element of content in the definition of positive law. Having said that, Hart - unlike Kelsen - devoted a large part of his work (including Law, Liberty, and Morality and The Morality of the Criminal Law) to moral philosophy and to an elucidation of the grey areas at the intersection of law and morals. He thus did not limit himself to a purely negative definition of morality (as a form of normativity which does not fall within the category of law), and proceeded on the assumption that an identification of the true nature of the legal phenomenon would have to include an examination of the characteristics of the neighbouring areas with which we seek to contrast law. Moreover, Hart developed a veritable moral critique of positive law. This critical morality aimed to provide standards of justification which would have to be met by legal norms, so many of which were actually designed by the legislature or the judge to bear moral content. Lawyers – who are properly concerned with the life of the law (and this may be one of the points where we feel the influence of the common law on Hart’s legal theory) – require standards of evaluation and justification for the moral content of law, where it happens to carry one. For all these reasons, it seems that a study of moral philosophy is essential to a jurist’s grasp of his proper field of study : the legal phenomenon. Hartian legal positivism does therefore consist of a strict conceptual separation of law and morals, but does not carry the programmatic implications of the works of continental positivists centred – following on from Kelsen – around the notion of a restrictive science of law.

To mark the translation into French of the above mentioned works of H.L.A. Hart at the intersection of legal and moral philosophy, and to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of Law, Liberty, and Morality (in 2013), this symposium will be dedicated to this greatly overlooked dimension of Hart’s oeuvre. The book in question will be presented and discussed during the morning session. The afternoon session will seek out a more general understanding of the separation of law and morals in hartian legal positivism.

Program

First Part

Président de séance : Michel TroperProfesseur émérite à l’Université Paris X - Nanterre

  • Gregory BlighDoctorant à l’Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas : « Introduction à la traduction de l’ouvrage : la place de Law, Liberty, and Morality dans l’œuvre de H.L.A. Hart »
  • Mathieu CarpentierDoctorant à l’Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne : « Positivisme analytique et positivisme normatif dans Law, Liberty, and Morality »
  • Michel Van de KerchoveProfesseur émérite des Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis : « Moralité du comportement et moralité de la loi pénale : pour une éthique de l’intervention pénale »
  • John GardnerProfessor of Jurisprudence à la Faculté de droit de l’Université d’Oxford : « A conservative aspect of the harm principle »

Second Part

Président de séance : Grégoire WebberSenior Lecturer in Law à la London School of Economics

  • Philippe de LaraMaître de Conférences à l’Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas : « Le droit et la coutume : ce que Hart doit à Wittgenstein »
  • Jean-François KervéganProfesseur à l’Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne : « Le positivisme hartien et la question des droits moraux »
  • Scott ShapiroCharles F. Southmayd Professor of law and Professor of Philosophy à la Yale Law School, directeur du Yale Center for Law and Philosophy : « Hart on International Law and morality (and where he went wrong) »

Colloque organisé par L’Institut Michel Villey en collaboration avec la Maison Française d’Oxford

Coordinators

  • Olivier Beaud (Professeur à l’Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas) 
  • Gregory Bligh (Doctorant à l’Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas)

Places

  • Salle des Conseils de l’Université Paris II, aile Soufflot - 12, Place du Panthéon
    Paris, France (75005)

Date(s)

  • Friday, April 19, 2013

Keywords

  • droit, critique morale, science politique, Hart, positivisme juridique

Contact(s)

  • Gregory Bligh
    courriel : greg [dot] bligh [at] yahoo [dot] fr

Information source

  • Mélanie Plouviez
    courriel : melanie [dot] plouviez [at] unice [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« H.L.A. Hart, le droit et la morale », Colloquium, Calenda, Published on Wednesday, April 17, 2013, https://calenda.org/244753

Archive this announcement

  • Google Agenda
  • iCal