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Sociology of the Internationalisation of Sciences

Sociologie de l'internationalisation des sciences

Special Issue Revue française de sociologie — French Sociological Review

Numéro spécial Revue française de sociologie

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Published on Monday, August 25, 2014 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

This call for contributions from the Revue française de sociologie / French Sociological Review invites contributors to develop, on the basis of their material, a reflection on the changing nature of the internationalisation of the sciences. Different types of articles can be submitted for this special issue: studies of the dynamics of the spaces where scientific knowledge is produced - emergence of world hubs for research, international mobility of researchers, etc. ; research focusing on the renewal of collaborative practices ; papers on the international standardization of the institutional and socio-economic regulation of research ; articles examining the internationalization of research policies and of their instruments ; critical reviews. 

Announcement

Argument

The internationalisation of scientific research is frequently considered from two contradictory perspectives. The first focuses on its normality or banality. Science only exists as a worldwide community and the scientists have historically very early invested the global dimension of their activity (Schott, 1993). The cosmopolitan ethos of science appears through the mobility of researchers, the circulation of their results, but also their collective commitment to the value of universality (Merton, 1973). The second perspective focuses instead on the illusory or even obsolete nature of the internationalisation process. From this point iof view, one should not only account for the inequality of the international scientific labor division, but, more importantly, for the rise of scientific regionalisms sometimes conceptualised in "counter-hegemonic" terms (Keim, 2011). In short, in science as in other fields, the focus would be on  "post-globalisation". This call for contributions from the Revue Française de Sociologie/French Sociological Review invites contributors to develop, on the basis of their material, a reflection on the changing nature of the internationalisation of the sciences.Though the process at work since the 80s is not totally original, it is not necessarily identical to the one analyzed by historians of sciences for more distant periods. One must, for example, notice the exceptional dynamism of contemporary scientific production on geographical scales never met in the past. Similarly, regionalist claims do not necessarily announce the end of the global vocation of science. They could be interpreted as the most recent avatars of local-global (Glaser, 1963) or nationalization-denationalization (Crawford et al, 1993. Mallard et al, 2009) tensions affecting since long the development of science.

Different types of articles can be submitted for this special issue:

  • studies of the dynamics of the spaces where scientific knowledge is produced - emergence of world hubs for research, international mobility of researchers, etc. These studies may develop an approach at the boarder of sociology and geography (Bonaccorsi, Daraio, 2005; Grossetti et al, 2013).
  • research focusing on the renewal of collaborative practices (Wagner, 2008; Millerand, Bowker, 2008), due for example to the building and use of large-scale resources such as world databases (Stephens et al, 2011), major facilities in particle physics, special banks for biological materials, etc.
  • papers on the international standardization of the institutional and socio-economic regulation of research (Gaudillière, Joly, 2008; Brunet, Dubois, 2012) ­ in relation to supranational institutions (i.e. IPCC), on lobbying strategies of large industrial groups, or on the mobilization of groups of citizens that may impact the organization of scientific work, etc.
  • articles examining the internationalization of research policies and of their instruments, including European programs (Rosental, 2013), project-based funding (Leresche et al., 2009), indicators and global rankings such as the Shanghai ranking (Gingras, 2014), etc; studies focusing on the ability of scientific communities to politically mobilize on a large scale (Frickel, Moore, 2006).
  • critical reviews of some recent and important books closely related to the topics of this special issue.

References

Bonaccorsi A., Daraio C., 2005, « Exploring Size and Agglomeration Effects on Public Research Productivity », Scientometrics, 63, 1, pp.87-120.

Brunet P., Dubois M., 2012, « Stem Cells and Technoscience : Sociology of the Emergence and Regulation of A Field of Biomedical Research in France », Revue Française de Sociologie, 53, 3, pp.241-286.

Crawford E., Shinn T., Sörlin S., « The Nationalisation and Denationalization of the Sciences », in Crawford E., Shinn T., Sörlin S. (eds), 1993, Denationalizing Science. The Contexts of International Scientific Practice, Springer.

Frickel S., Moore K. (eds), 2006, The New Political Sociology of Science. Institutions, Networks and Power, The University of Wisconsin Press.

Gaudillière, J.-P., Joly, P.-B., 2006, « Appropriation et régulation des innovations biotechnologiques: pour une comparaison transatlantique », Sociologie du Travail, 48, 3, pp.330-349.

Glaser B., 1963, « The Local-Cosmopolitan Scientist », American Journal of Sociology, Vol.LXIX, 3, pp.249-259.

Gingras Y., 2014, Les dérives de l'évaluation de la recherche. Du bon usage de la bibliométrie, Paris, Raisons d'Agir Editions.

Grossetti M., Eckert D., Gingras Y., Jégou L., Larivière V., Milard B., 2013, « Cities and the geographical deconcentration of scientific activity: A multilevel analysis of publications (1987–2007) », Urban Studies, 51, 10, pp.2219-2234.

Keim W., 2011, « Counter hegemonic currents and internationalization of sociology. Theoretical reflections and one empirical example », International Sociology, vol. 25, 2, pp.123-145.

Leresche J.-P., Larédo P., Weber K. (eds), 2009, L’internationalisation de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur. France, Suisse et Union européenne, Lausanne, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.

Losego P., Arvanitis R., 2008, « La science dans les pays non hégémoniques », Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, vol.2, 3, pp.334-342.

Mallard G., Paradeise C., Peerbaye A. (eds), 2009, Global Science and National Sovereignty. Studies in Historical Sociology of Science, Routledge.

Merton R., 1973, The Sociology of Science, Theoretical and Empirical Investigations, Chicago University Press.

Millerand F., Bowker G., « Metadata, trajectoires et "énaction" », in Lahire B., Rosental C. (eds), 2008, La cognition au prisme des sciences sociales, Editions des Archives Contemporaines.

Rosental C., 2013, « Toward a Sociology of Public Demonstrations », Sociological Theory, Vol. 31, 4, pp.343-365.

Schott T., 1993, « World Science: Globalization of Institutions and Participation », Science, Technology, & Human Values, Vol. 18, 2, pp.196-208.

Stephens N., Atkinson P., Glasner P., 2011, « Internationaliser des standards, mettre en banque avec confiance » La mise en banque de cellules souches dans trois systèmes nationaux », Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, Vol. 5, 2, pp.260-286.

Wagner C., The New Invisible College. Science for Development, Brooking Institutions Press, 2008.

Guidelines submission

Proposals - from 500 to 1500 words - should be written in English or in French and present

  • the scope of the study and the relevant literature
  • the empirical basis and methods
  • the main expected results
  • a short bibliography (no more than 5 references).

Any proposal that does not comply with this format will be automatically rejected.

Proposals should be sent to the Revue Française de Sociologie (christelle.germain@cnrs.fr) and to the three guest editors of this special issue: Michel Dubois (michel.dubois@cnrs.fr), Yves Gingras (gingras.yves@uqam.ca) and Claude Rosental (claude.rosental@ehess.fr)

before November 15, 2014.

The guest editors will review the proposals and notify the authors of their decision before December 15, 2014. Authors whose proposals get accepted will have to submit their article to the journal by May 15, 2015. The length of each paper should not exceed 12 500 words ­ notes, references figures and tables included. The journal will evaluate each article anonymously.

Scientific Editors

  • Michel Dubois (GEMASS, CNRS),
  • Yves Gingras (UQAM, Montréal),
  • Claude Rosental (CEMS-IMM, CNRS)

Date(s)

  • Saturday, November 15, 2014

Keywords

  • sciences, internationalisation, globalisation, régulation, politique scientifique

Contact(s)

  • Claude Rosental
    courriel : claude [dot] rosental [at] ehess [dot] fr
  • Michel DUBOIS
    courriel : michel [dot] dubois [at] unilasalle [dot] fr
  • Yves Gingras
    courriel : gingras [dot] yves [at] uqam [dot] ca

Information source

  • Michel DUBOIS
    courriel : michel [dot] dubois [at] unilasalle [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Sociology of the Internationalisation of Sciences », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Monday, August 25, 2014, https://calenda.org/297538

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