HomeLanguage contact: situations, representations, realizations

Language contact: situations, representations, realizations

Contact de langues : situations, représentations, réalisations

18th Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs (RJC 2015) Sorbonne-Nouvelle

18e Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs (RJC 2015) Sorbonne-Nouvelle

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Published on Thursday, December 11, 2014 by João Fernandes

Summary

Introduced by U. Weinreich (1953), the notion of ‘language contact’ has to do with any situation where two languages are simultaneously present, thus affecting an individual’s or a community’s linguistic behavior (Moreau, 1997). ‘Language contact’ is at the heart of both linguistic variation and linguistic change, in their diachronic and synchronic aspects. The phenomenon takes place in spaces the borders of which fluctuate depending on migrations, economic and cultural dynamics, or political policies (colonization, external cultural domination...). The 18th Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs offer an opportunity to think about connections and interferences between languages on the one hand, and between varieties inside a given language on the other hand, both from a synchronic and from a diachronic perspective.

Announcement

Argument

Introduced by U. Weinreich (1953), the notion of ‘language contact’ has to do with any situation where two languages are simultaneously present, thus affecting an individual’s or a community’s linguistic behavior (Moreau, 1997). ‘Language contact’ is at the heart of both linguistic variation and linguistic change, in their diachronic and synchronic aspects. The phenomenon takes place in spaces the borders of which fluctuate depending on migrations, economic and cultural dynamics, or political policies (colonization, external cultural domination...). The 18th Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs offer an opportunity to think about connections and interferences between languages on the one hand, and between varieties inside a given language on the other hand, both from a synchronic and from a diachronic perspective.

In recent years, an increasing number of research studies on ‘language contact’ have been led in a renewed methodological and epistemological frame of reference, based on variability awareness and on rooting linguistic data in materiality (Nicolai, 2007). These works are at opposite extremes from those conducted during the nineteenth century, since the latter dismissed the mere idea of ‘language contact’, in order to focus on language filiation instead (Tabouret-Keller, 1988). The conference addresses the issue of ‘language contact’ through three complementary notions: ‘situation’, ‘representation’ and ‘realization’.

Tackling ‘language contact’ implies observing and making an empirical description not only of institutional, social, professional and family circumstances, but also of language learning and language acquisition in plurilinguistic or diglossic contexts. In addition, ‘situation’ is deeply implanted in psycholinguistics as well: mastering several languages impacts brain structure and cognitive processes. The term should therefore be understood in a broader sense, as it can refer to both individual and collective levels of analysis. Regional languages and language choices made by multilingual writers are examples thereof.

Moreover, ‘language contact’ also takes part in the tension between language description and linguistic prescription. The conference will take into consideration the way speakers, as well as linguists and grammarians, build and convey social and metalinguistic representations of languages in contact, based on their own judgement. Studying ‘language contact’ is an invitation to discuss identity construction processes and to examine further notions such as ‘linguistic insecurity’ or ‘imagined communities’ (Anderson, 1983).

Realizations pertaining to language contact are many and diverse. They are indeed compound language productions, some of which may be viewed from a collective standpoint, like borrowings, or Creole and pidgin languages. Others are to be observed from an individual angle, for instance interferences (phonic, syntactic, lexical) caused, in part, by transfers between the various languages known to a multilingual speaker. To this framework belong ‘code switching’ and, in the field of acquisition and didactics, ‘interlanguage’.

The great variety of such realizations sheds new light on current language typologies. Similarly, new problems arise in the area of natural language processing, where multilingual corpora are giving birth to methodological issues that differ from those raised by monolingual corpora. Likewise, translation studies appear as a kind of language contact realization; as a matter of fact, translators have to deal with theoretical and practical difficulties regarding both languages brought into contact through translation and languages already in contact in the original texts (Ballard, 2006).

All of the mentioned theoretical approaches are likely to bring researchers in linguistics to discuss a shared topic, and allow them to reflect on this discipline’s status within the Humanities. Participants are encouraged to consider all means of language expression (oral, written, sign language).

References

  • ANDERSON Benedict (1983), Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, Londres: Verso.
  • BALLARD Michel (2005-2006) (dir.), La traduction, contact de langues et de cultures, 2 vol., Arras: Artois Presses Université.
  • MOREAU Marie-Louise (1997), Sociolinguistique. Concepts de base, Bruxelles: Mardaga.
  • NICOLAI Robert (2007), « Le contact des langues : point aveugle du ‘linguistique’ », Journal of Language Contact, Evolution of languages, contact and discourse, Thema n° 1: 1-10.
  • TABOURET-KELLER Andrée (1988), « Contacts de langues : deux modèles du XIXème siècle et leurs rejetons aujourd'hui », Langage et société, n° 43: 9-22.
  • WEINREICH Uriel (1953), Languages in contact, findings and problems, New York: Linguistic Circle of New York.

The conference is open to graduate students (master’s degree, doctorate), young researchers...
Free admission.
Participants will receive a certificate of attendance.

Important dates

Submission deadline:

February 28th, 2015

Notification of acceptance: mid-April 2015
Corrected article deadline: mid-May 2015
Conference dates: June 11th and 12th, 2015

Conference location

Institut de linguistique et de phonétique générales et appliquées (ILPGA)
Address: 19, rue des Bernardins - 75005 PARIS
Public transportation: Metro: Maubert Mutualité (line 10) ; Bus: 24, 47, 63, 86, 87 ; RER: Saint Michel (B and C lines)

Presentations

Oral presentations and posters will be made in English or in French.
Oral presentations will be allocated 20 minutes, plus 10 minutes for discussion.
The size of the posters will be A0. Poster authors will be invited to give a short oral presentation of their work.

Submission

Paper submissions are to be sent by e-mail to the following address: rjc-ed268@univ-
paris3.fr, before January 28th, 2015.

The e-mail message should specify:

  • Personal data (last name, first name, e-mail and personal postal address);
  • University affiliation;
  • Educational level (master / doctorate / postdoc; specify the number of years for the doctorate);
  • Research supervisor(s);
  • Research field(s) of the submitted paper;
  • Title of the submitted paper.

Submissions are to be sent in the form of an article, in an attached .rtf file named “rjc2015_NAME.rtf” (eg: “rjc2015_SMITH.rtf”).

This file should contain only the following information:

  • Title of the submitted paper;
  • Summary of about 100 words, in the paper’s language;
  • 5 keywords in French, the same keywords in English;
  • For oral presentations: a 6 to 8-page article (25 000 characters maximum, spaces included); for posters: a 5-page article (15 000 characters maximum, spaces included);
  • Bibliography.

The format of the article should be as follows:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font;
  • 1,5 line spacing;
  • 2,5 cm margins at all edges;
  • justified left and right;
  • headings: Times New Roman 12 pt, bold, using a hierarchical numbering (1.; 1.1.; 1.1.1) and no more than 3 heading levels.

In the case of phonetic transcriptions, please use the SILDoulos font.

Only one submission will be examined for each participant.

The accepted submissions will be sent back to the authors in order to be corrected and laid out in mid-April.

The corrected article will have to be transmitted to the organizing committee before the conference.

The organizing committee reserves the right to refuse an article that would not meet the conference’s scientific requirements after correction.

Publication:

The proceedings will be published on-line after the conference.

Scientific committee

  • Martine ADDA DECKER
  •  José Ignacio AGUILAR RIO
  •  Angélique AMELOT
  •  Nicolas AUBRY
  •  Nicolas AUDIBERT
  •  Michelle AUZANNEAU
  •  Eric BEAUMATIN
  •  Irmtraud BEHR
  •  Violaine BIGOT
  •  Philippe BOULA DE MAREUIL
  •  Maria CANDEA
  •  Jean-Louis CHISS
  •  Francine CICUREL
  •  Matteo DE CHIARA
  •  Geneviève DE WECK
  •  Jeanne-Marie DEBAISIEUX
  •  Didier DEMOLIN
  •  Christine DEPREZ
  •  Serge FLEURY
  •  Jean-Marie FOURNIER
  •  Emmanuel FRAISSE
  •  Florentina FREDET
  •  Cedric GENDROT
  •  Kim GERDES
  •  Anna GHIMENTON
  •  Daniel GILE
  •  Luca GRECO
  •  Yana GRINSHPUN
  •  Jean-Patrick GUILLAUME
  •  Pierre HALLE
  •  Rouba HASSAN
  •  Agnès HENRI
  •  Frédéric ISEL
  •  Raphaël KABORE
  •  Takeki KAMIYAMA
  •  Dominique KLINGLER
  •  René LACROIX
  •  Marie-Christine LALA
  •  Florence LEFEUVRE
  •  Cécile LEGUY
  •  Catherine MULLER
  •  Valélia MUNI TOKE
  •  Samia NAIM
  •  Jean-Paul NARCY-COMBES
  •  Gabriella PARUSSA
  •  Claire PILLOT-LOISEAU
  •  Konstantin POZDNIAKOV
  •  Christian PUECH
  •  Sandrine REBOUL-TOURE
  •  Francis RICHARD
  •  Rachid RIDOUANE
  •  Anne SALAZAR ORVIG
  •  Didier SAMAIN
  •  Pollet SAMVELIAN
  •  Dan SAVATOVSKY
  •  Valérie SPAËTH
  •  Sofia STRATILAKI
  •  Isabelle TELLIER
  •  Jacqueline VAISSIERE
  •  Andrea VALENTINI
  •  Daniel VÉRONIQUE
  •  Patricia VON MÜNCHOW
  •  Geneviève ZARATE.

Organizing committee:

  • Emre BAYRAKTAR
  •  Marie-Amélie BOTALLA
  •  Laura-Maï DOURDY
  •  Nora FANGEL-GUSTAVSON
  •  Ophélie GANDON
  •  Laura GUZMAN
  •  Fanny IVENT
  •  Muriel JORGE
  •  Janina KLEIN
  •  Mathilde MECHLING
  •  Coraline PRADEAU
  •  Komi SIMNARA
  •  Marco STEFANELLI
  •  Jane WOTTAWA
  •  Yaru WU.

Places

  • Institut de linguistique et de phonétique générales et appliquées (ILPGA) - 19 rue des Bernardins
    Paris, France (75005)

Date(s)

  • Saturday, February 28, 2015

Keywords

  • linguistique, contact de langues, linguistics, language contact

Information source

  • Marie-Amélie Botalla
    courriel : marieamelie [dot] botalla [at] gmail [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« Language contact: situations, representations, realizations », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Thursday, December 11, 2014, https://calenda.org/310458

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