HomeIV International Conference of Myth Criticism

IV International Conference of Myth Criticism

IV congreso internacional de mitocrítica

IV Congrès international de mythocritique

Myth and Emotions

Mito y emociones

Mythe et émotions

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Published on Tuesday, March 29, 2016 by João Fernandes

Summary

Along with rational logic there is an emotional logic, responsible for many actions that we carry out. Myth Criticism tends to tackle mythical stories from a structural, social and historical perspective. However, it often ignores the emotional component. It seems as if the affective dimension, particularly active in our contemporary society, is not considered relevant in the studies of mythology. The Conference will examine the function undertaken by emotions in the structure of mythical stories and in the processes of mythification of characters and historical events. The object of the study will focus on ancient, medieval and modern myths in contemporary literature and art (since 1900).

Announcement

Argument

The International Conference “Myth and emotions” will carry out a profound and contemporary reflection on the relationship between mythology and emotion. For this purpose it will reunite highly respected international researchers and other well-established or trainee researchers to provide―whether through theoretical reflection, textual analysis or the exhibition of artistic expressions―methodological principles and practical approaches aimed to establish criteria of interpretation on the relationship between myth and emotion in contemporary literature and art.

Progress in the knowledge of thought and psychology bring to light dimensions that have remained hidden during centuries. In the contemporary era the most recognized researchers have demonstrated that our behaviour depends less on rational causes than emotional causes. Moreover, one of the most characteristic phenomena at present is the execution of human acts by merely emotional impulses. More than in any other period in history, individuals react as consequences of impulse, most of the time unexpected. Advertisements, which offer promises that are rationally unrelated to the product on sale, unquestionably make profitable the impulsive behaviour converted into a stereotype of the consumer society.

This explains the current strength of disciplines that―like psychobiology or social psychology― investigate the nature of emotions, how they originate, what they mean and how they manage to modify rational logic. Specialists agree on several basic traits of emotions: a) the existence and perception of a previous occurrence; b) intense, fleeting and interconnected psychosomatic experiences; c) a distinction (with either a corresponding attraction or rejection) between agreeable and disagreeable circumstances. Emotion―in its interaction with feelings, moods and affections―largely shapes our response to the world. It conditions our motivations, gives us energy and orders our private and social behaviour.

Myth cannot stay on the sidelines of this reflection. The Conference adopts, as a work hypothesis, the following definition of myth: explanatory, symbolic and dynamic account of one or various personal and extraordinary events with transcendent referent, that lacks in principle of historical testimony; is made up of a series of invariant elements reducible to themes submitted to crisis; that presents a conflictive, emotive and functional character, and always refers to a cosmogony or to an absolute, particular or universal eschatology. The emotive nature of myth lays the foundation of the research proposed for this Conference. This definition will be matched with other less canonical definitions, resulting in the mythification of characters, places and historical events.

A classic example can illustrate the aim pursued. Virgil recounts how Eurydice died of a hydrus or water-serpent’s bite. Afflicted and seeking consolation in song, Orpheus entered the Underworld through the caverns of Cape Tenarus, searching for his beloved Eurydice. The poet relates an incident that appears to contradict rational logic: it seems unreasonable to go beyond death to search for someone. Yet emotional logic readily accepts Orpheus’s descent. In fact, there is nothing more natural than wanting the return of one’s beloved, and undertaking any means—even an unnatural one—to make it happen. The mythical tale reveals, albeit in a perplexing way, that physical death (in this case, that of Eurydice) does not have a sufficient explanation for Orpheus; his descent privileges emotional logic over other ways of expression and comprehension of the world (even logical). Hence the Orphic adventure, or that of Alcestis in search of Admetus or Hercules in search of Alcestis.

But mythical tales do not only affect characters. Orpheus’s sorrow was such that the Dryads and Nymphs “flooded the mountains with tears of compassion”. Like those deities, the reader of the Aeneid and the audience of Offenbach’s opera also feel compassion for Orpheus. Emotion also has a cathartic dimension: the reader and audience become emotionally involved in the plot and experience the character’s emotions: they suffer with him and wish him a solution that no rational logic can promise. They understand Orpheus’ sorrow, caused by a sense of guilt (to look back just as he was leaving Hades despite the pact, another emotional act), they even accept the implausible descent to the hidden dwelling. In an unexpected way, the reader and audience feel ready to undertake, at least imaginarily, Orpheus’ endeavour. Without knowing it, they justify illogically what they cannot logically endorse.

This is one of the meanings of literature, visual arts and performance: bring to light the usual resource of our psychism to a purely emotional explanation, that allows the achievement of the undeniable objectives of the human being. Rational logic and emotional logic complement themselves.

There are no myths without a return to the origins or without a reference to the end, whether it be individual or of the community. The literary motive of the descent to hell appears in all cultures and is an obvious sign that it forms one of the archetypes of the collective unconscious. Its mythical adaptations (like the typical case of the poet) propose concrete solutions to individual and collective problems, impose an awareness of identity, inform on the origins and destiny, as much from the individuals as from the community. Our origin and our mythical destiny have emotional and affective derivatives: they are active ingredients in a world in which we feel closely identified and connected, or inversely, from which we want to distinguish and disassociate. Myth, emotion, cosmogony and eschatology are therefore connected.

In this respect, one can find innumerable examples in contemporary literature. In Man and Superman (George Bernard Shaw), Octavius hears with fear that his beloved, Ann, has been left in the care of Jack Tanner (a Don Juan figure): the destiny that unfailingly unites her with the seducer overwhelms him. In El Señor de Pigmalión (Jacinto Grau), the duke feels attracted to the doll Pomponina: an inanimate object comes alive and cruelly takes control of his heart. In Der Zauberberg (Thomas Mann), the young man Naphta recalls his affection for the ritual practices of bloodthirsty Jews over those of bloodthirsty Christians: he ultimately rejects Christian rationality for Jewish savagery. In La Guerre de Troie n’aura pas lieu (Jean Giraudoux), Hélène reveals her unconquerable love for Paris to Andromache: her erotic impulses are Aphrodite’s will. In all these texts, a character experiences an emotion that is motivated by a myth related to origin, destiny, the sinister or the fantastic. Here, then, is a promising field for research on the relationship between myth and the biopsychology of emotion.

Myth criticism should include the description and analysis of the paths whereby the rhetoric of individual and social psychology intersects with the cultural practice of myths. Thus, studies of mythology should include considerations of emotional logic, as well as of the consequences of an empathetic connection with myth (the cathartic dimension). They should also reveal the parallelism between “emotional origins” and “emotional destiny” (the cosmogonic and eschatological dimension). Finally, they should study the relationships between emotion, myth, the sinister, and the fantastic.

Ultimately, this Conference aims to provide a study, as wide and thorough as possible, that brings guidelines and models capable of interpreting the mythical-emotional phenomena. Its implementation will be of great help to understand an important part of the writing and art of modernity and post-modernity, as well as cultures and thought of our current society.

The Organizing Committee invites researchers who can provide―either through theoretical reflection or textual analysis―their methodological principles or practical approaches on the problematic of the combined relationship between myth and the logic of emotions in contemporary literature and art (since 1900).

Pre-registration

http://mythcriticism.com/en/pre-registration/

Dates and deadlines

  • The Conference will take place on 24-28 October 2016 at the Faculty of Languages (Building A) of the Complutense University, Madrid.
  • Those who wish to present a paper at the Conference are asked to fill and send the online pre-registration form before the 30th April 2016.
  • The provisional programme will be published on the 31st May 2016.
  • The Organizing Committee will inform the candidates of its decision on the proposal before the 1st June 2016
  • Candidates admitted must register before the 30th June 2016

How to participate? 

  • As Participant (not presenting a paper).
  • As Participant presenting a paper.
  • As Participant of a Roundtable

Participants’ rights

  • Free attendance at all plenary conferences and sessions.
  • Free folder, notebook, pen and badge.
  • Copy of the book of the Conference (ISBN, abstracts, cvs, etc.; approx. 150 pages).
  • Diploma with title of presentation.
  • Certificate of participation.
  • Acquisition of books at a discount (between 20% and 50%).
  • Free wifi and access to computers provided by the Faculty of Languages.
  • Daily catering (coffee, tea, biscuits, etc.) and farewell drinks. 

Publication

  • A selection of papers presented during the Conference will be collected into a single volume.
  • A Scientific Committee will choose, within the limits agreed with the publisher, the papers that are most adapted to the following criteria: relationship with the theme of the Conference, mythocritical focus, scientific methodology, critical and bibliographical apparatus, originality, quality of content and clarity of writing.
  • The languages allowed for the volume are Spanish, English or French.
  • The deadline for the submission of papers is the 15th December 2016
  • Due to editorial restrictions, only 30 articles will be published in the Proceedings of the Conference. 

Layout

  • The Conference will be distributed in parallel sessions of 3 participants and chaired by a Doctor. Each participant will be allowed 25 minutes. At the end of each session there will be a debate of 30 minutes.
  • The Roundtable Discussions will be distributed in sessions of 3 participants and 1 moderator. Each participant will be allowed 5 minutes. At the end of each presentation, a roundtable discussion will take place between the participants and the public.
  • Internationally renowned researchers will carry out plenary conferences.

Languages

  • The languages of the Conference are: English, Spanish and French. 

Committee

General Coordinator

Prof. José Manuel Losada, University Complutense

Academic Administration

Dr. Antonella Lipscomb, University of Antonio de Nebrija

Webmaster

M.A. Adrián García Vidal, University of Salamanca

Organising Committee

  • Prof. Manuel Álvarez Junco, University Complutense  
  • Prof. Jesús Ángel Espinós, University Complutense      
  • Prof. Elena Blanch, University Complutense 
  • Prof. Francisco García Jurado, University Complutense     
  • Prof. Ana González-Rivas, University Autónoma    
  • Prof. Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal, University Complutense 

Scientific Committee

  • Prof. Peter ArndsTrinity College   
  • Prof. Alberto Bernabé Pajares, University Complutense  
  • Prof. Pierre Brunel, Foundation Robert de Sorbon   
  • Prof. Leon Burnett, University of Essex  
  • Prof. Angelos Chaniotis, Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton)
  • Prof. Vicente Cristóbal, University Complutense  
  • Prof. Francesco de Martino, University of Bari
  • Prof. Alexandre Gefen, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique    
  • Prof. Véronique Gély, University of La Sorbona    
  • Prof. Ute Heidmann, University of Lausanne     
  • Prof. Carmen Morenilla, University of Valencia     
  • Prof. Carmen Rivero, University of Munster   
  • Prof. Jean-Jacques Wunenburger, University of Lyon   
  • Prof. Metka Zupancic, University of Alabama   

Places

  • Faculty of Languages (Building A) Complutense University, Madrid
    Madrid, Kingdom of Spain (28080)

Date(s)

  • Saturday, April 30, 2016

Attached files

Keywords

  • literature, myth criticism, myth, comparative literature, film, TV series, videogames, religion, cultural studies, XXth century

Contact(s)

  • Antonella Lipscomb
    courriel : contacto [at] mythcriticism [dot] com

Information source

  • Antonella Lipscomb
    courriel : contacto [at] mythcriticism [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« IV International Conference of Myth Criticism », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Tuesday, March 29, 2016, https://calenda.org/361266

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