HomeThe idea of decentralization and regional planning, in the 20th century

The idea of decentralization and regional planning, in the 20th century

Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire, au XXe siècle

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Published on Thursday, October 26, 2017 by João Fernandes

Summary

Throughout the 20th century, from URSS to the United-States, Germany, Italy and Japan, architects, planners, economists, and politicians have repeatedly proposed decentralization as a way to restructure societies and their spaces—notably in response to political, economic, environmental, social, or cultural crisis. Our purpose is to revisit the concept and projects elaborated during the 20th Century (mainly until the 1970s) We will attempt, with the different papers, to understand the ideals that founded them, the references mobilized, the tools – conceptual as well as practical – they experimented, the influences they could have – or not – on the making of the urbanized world and on a new image of it; we will also explore the transfers from a scientific field to another, from a cultural space to another.

Announcement

International symposium, School of Architecture, Grenoble (ENSAG), November 9th – 10th, 2017

Presentation

Throughout the 20th century, from URSS to the United-States, Germany, Italy and Japan, architects, planners, economists, and politicians have repeatedly proposed decentralization as a way to restructure societies and their spaces—notably in response to political, economic, environmental, social, or cultural crisis. Our purpose is to revisit the concept and projects elaborated during the 20thCentury (mainly until the 1970s). Many of its promoters considered decentralization not solely a reorganization of the diverse activities on the ground; they also saw decentralization as a means to establish a new economic and social order, intended to be more egalitarian also thanks to the diffusion of modern techniques – such as electricity, telephone, motorisation or radio.

We will attempt, with the different papers, to understand the ideals that founded them, the references mobilized, the tools – conceptual as well as practical – they experimented, the influences they could have – or not – on the making of the urbanized world and on a new image of it; we will also explore the transfers from a scientific field to another, from a cultural space to another.

Program

Thursday, November 9th, 2017

9.00 // Registration and Welcome Address

  • Marie Wozniak, Director, school of Architecture, Grenoble
  • Valérie Wathier, Vice-director, BRAUP
  • Catherine Maumi, Head of the research lab MHAevt

9.30-12.30 // Theoreticians and theories of decentralization

chair : Catherine Maumi

  • Guillaume Vallet, CREG, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Institut de Recherches Sociologiques de Genève, Albion Small et les inégalités issues de la concentration du capital : redéfinir les rapports de propriété pour un « capitalisme raisonnable »
  • Rémi Baudouï, InCite, Université de Genève, Manel Kabouche, Pacte, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, L’émergence du débat théorique sur la décentralisation industrielle et la mise en œuvre d’une planification territoriale : le cas de Le Corbusier, 1930-1946
  • Alena Kubova, MHAevt, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Paysage habitable comme projet de territoire industriel. Tchécoslovaquie 1945-1956
  • Hartmut Frank, HafenCity Universität Hamburg, From beautifying the big city towards planning the territory

14.00-14.30 // Presentation of the book Reflections on Urban, Regional and National Space, Carola Hein, Professor and Head, Chair History of Architecture and Urban Planning, TU Delft

14.45-18.00 // Decentralization policies and regional planning

chair : Gaia Caramellino

  • Maria Fiorella Felloni, DAStU, Politecnico di Milano, The idea of polycentric urban development in Italy in the 20’s of 20th century. Reflections around the contributions of Cesare Chiodi, modern urbanist
  • Domonkos Wettstein, Department of Urban Planning and Design, BME, Change of regimes and scales : Relations between architecture and regional planning at the Lake Balaton
  • Florian Faurisson, Clara Sandrini , LRA, ENSA Toulouse, Les politiques de décentralisation au sein du Bloc de l’Est : dans les failles des échelles de décision
  • Elmira Jafari, History of Architecture and Urban Planning, TU Delft, A linear metropolis with ten cores: Victore Gruen’s proposal for Tehran, the capital of Iran (1966-1969)

Friday, November 10th, 2017

9.00-12.20 // Decentralization and agrarian reforms

chair : Patrizia Bonifazio

  • Vilma Hastaoglou-Martinidis, University of Thessaloniki, Colonizing New Lands: Refugee Settlement and Regional Restructuring in Northern Greece (1922-1930)
  • Paolo Marcolin, Alexandra Trevisan, CEAA, ESAP do Porto, The agrarian and social reform led by the Junta de Colonização Interna during Antonio Oliveira Salazar’s regime. Consequences and legacies
  • Cristina Pallini, Silvia Boca, ABC, Politecnico di Milano, Corporate planning and agricultural colonization schemes in Fascist Italy
  • Constance Ringon, LRA, ENSA Toulouse, L’assainissement des marais Pontins sous le régime fasciste, un outil politique de décentralisation
  • Vittoria Capresi, Habitat Unit, TU Berlin, Rural Towns or little “Metropolises”? The German Democratic Republic’s (GDR) functional and economical plans for the rural areas, the example of the South-Oderbruch (Brandenburg)

14.00-15.20 // Computer sciences and regional planning

chair : Rosemary Wakeman

  • Stephan Kowal, Architecture et information 2.0, Université de Montréal, Les grilles du Système d’information géographique du Canada
  • Philippe Marin, MHAevt, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Naissance des cultures numériques : de la cybernétique au World Game

15.45-17.00 // Roundtable, Patrizia Bonifazio, Gaia Caramellino, Alessandro De Magistris, Nicole De Togni, Corinne Jaquand, Olivier Labussière, Catherine Maumi, Rosemary Wakeman

Informations pratiques

https://decentralisation201718.wordpress.com/

Dates : November, 9th - 10 th, 2017

Venue : ENSA Grenoble, 60 avenue de Constantine, 38036 Grenoble // Amphithéâtre Simounet

Registration : the acces is free and opened to all. Registration required before November 4th : https://framadate.org/c4NrxsjoMnBDWPqu

Organization : Laboratoire MHAevt, ENSA Grenoble

Coordination : Catherine Maumi et Claire Rosset

Places

  • ENSA Grenoble /Amphi Simounet - 60 avenue de Constantine
    Grenoble, France (38036)

Date(s)

  • Thursday, November 09, 2017
  • Friday, November 10, 2017

Keywords

  • décentralisation, fabrique des territoires, architecture, plan régional

Contact(s)

  • Claire Rosset
    courriel : decentralisation2017 [dot] 18 [at] gmail [dot] com

Information source

  • Claire Rosset
    courriel : decentralisation2017 [dot] 18 [at] gmail [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« The idea of decentralization and regional planning, in the 20th century », Conference, symposium, Calenda, Published on Thursday, October 26, 2017, https://calenda.org/419543

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