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Innovation in insular societies: implications and perspectives

L’innovation dans les sociétés insulaires : retombées et perspectives

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Published on Wednesday, January 24, 2018 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

This day of multidisciplinary exchange (JES 2018) suggests to question the relevance and appropriation or not of innovations in the differentiated socio-economic, natural and cultural contexts (insular societies). It will be planed for November 26, 2018 (8h-17h) and will be organized around three main approaches: Natural and physical sciences; Humanities, Art, Letters and Languages; Economic and legal sciences.

Announcement

Argument

The term innovation, which comes from the Latin word innovare, originally referred to a return to the starting point. It first appeared in the Roman-based languages under the meaning: the introduction of something new into what already existed. From the 16thcentury, N. Machiavelli’s(1) and F. Bacon’s(2) divergent opinions on the topic have highlighted the ambiguity of the term. This ambiguity is conveyed on the one hand, by the concern about the risk that comes along with a changing situation, and on the other hand, by the expansion of skills and knowledge(3).

Whether they are disruptive or incremental, innovations have always been affiliated with the evolution of societies. Thus, the example of the settlement of the West-Indian archipelago by pre-ceramic civilisations(4) (from 5500 to 500 BCE), or more recently the settlement which started in the colonial period and continues to this day, give evidence that Homo sapiens sapiens have not stopped innovating in order to adapt and to prosper in these insular territories.

Innovate can be defined as the action of an individual, a group or a society to provide solutions or tools as a response to their customs and needs to adapt (to their environment). This concept is of interest to various disciplines. As a matter of fact, innovations can be economical, technical or technological, as well as cultural, social or societal. As a result, the researcher’s duty is to posit themselves as critical thinkers, actors and/ or as users of these advancements and of this scientific knowledge.

Whether Caribbean or not, due to their geographical location and their isolation, insular territories, are often associated with many distinctive features such as biological micro-differentiations (climate, vegetation, relief), limited resources, the distance from the main centers of influence, the specificity of their common history, deeply-rooted traditions, a strong ethnic and cultural identity …(5,6,7). Therefore, the realities and social issues of these specific societies are often different from those experienced in a continental context. They are more vulnerable when confronted with major social innovations. However, they possess various assets due to the richness and the diversity of their microcosms, which are favourable to the development of innovations(8,9).

Therefore, what are the implications of existing innovations and what are the perspectives for future innovations in our insular societies?

The purpose of this multidisciplinary exchange day (JES 2018) is to invite the participants to question the relevance/irrelevance and the appropriation/lack of appropriation of innovations in these differentiated cultural and socio-economical contexts. It will cover three main fields: Natural Sciences and Physics; Social Science, Arts, Literature and Languages; Economics and Law.

Keywords: Innovation, insular territory/society, scientific research

Application

Applicants (Master2 students, PhD students, young researchers) to this JES 2018edition must submit:

  • an abstract: 1 page maximum – PDF format – in French, English or Spanish
  • a short biography summarizing their academic experience and their PhD Research topic.

 Deadline for application is October 15, 2018

 via email at ansanmdjc@gmail.com(to the JES Committee, ADJC association).

Oral Presentation

  • Visual support : PowerPoint Presentation (to be provided a week prior to the JES)
  • Duration: 15 minutes (followed by an interaction with the audience)
  • Oral presentation could also be done by video conferencing (via the SKYPE software)

Poster display

Visual support: Poster (the electronic version must be provided a week before the event). An area will be dedicated to display the posters and viewing time will be given to visitors.

Participation

Once the selection is made by the scientific committee, applicants will receive an email by October 28, 2018. 

Committees

Scientific

  • Roseline ARMANGE : PhD Psychology, EPHE (Paris, Sorbonne)
  • Benoit BERARD : LECTURER Ethnology, Anthropology and Prehistory, AIHP/GEODE (UA)
  • Cécile BERTIN-ELISABETH : PR Hispanic studies, CRILLASH (UA)
  • Marie-Dominique CIDALISE-MONTAISE : PhD Communication sciences, LC2S (UA)
  • Caroline COCHET : PhD Public law, LC2S (UA)
  • Olivier DEHOORNE : LECTURER Geography, Tourism, BIORECA (UA)
  • Isabelle DUBOST : LECTURER Anthropology, LC2S (UA)
  • Gilbert ELBAZ : PR Sociology, CRILLASH (UA)
  • Zephrine ROYER : PhD Education sciences, CRILLASH (UA)
  • Adèle SILBANDE : PhD Microbiology-Biotechnologies, BIOSPHERES (UA)
  • Yasmine SYLVESTRE : PhD Public law, LC2S (UA)

Organizer

  • Marjory ADENET-LOUVET : PhD student General and comparative literature (UA)
  • Jean-Philippe CLAUDE : PhD student Biogeography-Ecology-Botany (UA), ADJC president
  • Sarah COUVIN : PhD English Language and Literature (UA)
  • Clara DAULER : PhD student Spanish Language and Literature (UA)
  • José DURANTY : PhD student Biogeography-Bioecology-Environmental sociology (UA)
  • Loïza RAUZDUEL : PhD student Political science (UA)
  • Sandra ETIENNE: PhD student English Language and Literature (UA/UWI)
  • Adèle SILBANDE : PhD Microbiology-Biotechnologies (UA), JES referring
  • Yasmine SYLVESTRE : PhD Public law (UA)

References

(1) Le Prince by Nicolas Machiavel. Date of original publication : 1532.

(2) La Nouvelle Atlantide by Francis Bacon. Date of original publication : 1625.

(3) Bontems, V.K. (2014). What does Innovation stand for? Review of a watchword in research policies. Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, (3), 39-57.

(4) Grouard, S. (2007). Modes de vie des Précolombiens des Antilles françaises. Les Nouvelles de l’archéologie, 108-109, 91-101.

(5) Péron, F. (1990). Spécificité des sociétés insulaires contemporaines. L'exemple des îles françaises de l'Atlantique et de la Manche. Norois, 145(1), 25-34.

(6) Péron, F. (2005). Fonctions sociales et dimensions subjectives des espaces insulaires (à partir de l'exemple des îles du Ponant). In: Annales de géographie (Ed. Armand Colin), 4, 422-436.

(7) Taglioni, F. (2006). Les petits espaces insulaires face à la variabilité de leur insularité et de leur statut politique. In: Annales de géographie (Ed. Armand Colin), 6, 664-687.

(8) Audebert, C. (2011). Les Antilles françaises à la croisée des chemins: de nouveaux enjeux de développement pour des sociétés en crise. Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer, 4, 523-549.

(9) Angeon, V., Saffache, P. (2010). Petits territoires insulaires et développement durable. Edited by Publibook (No 11).

Subjects

Places

  • Université des Antilles (UA) – Campus de Shoelcher
    Schœlcher, Martinique (97233)

Date(s)

  • Monday, October 15, 2018

Keywords

  • innovation, territoire, société insulaire, recherche scientifique

Information source

  • Adèle SILBANDE
    courriel : adele [dot] silbande [at] gmail [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« Innovation in insular societies: implications and perspectives », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Wednesday, January 24, 2018, https://calenda.org/430084

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