AccueilExcess? Images of body, health, morality and emotions across the media

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Publié le lundi 04 juin 2018 par Céline Guilleux

Résumé

A central goal of the workshop is to open up an international exchange and to connect perspectives from the history of science, the history of emotions, the history of the body and media history in order to shed new light on a history of health as a cultural history. The event is part of the research project “The Healthy Self as Body Capital: Individuals, Market-Based Societies, and Body Politics in Visual Twentieth Century Europe” funded by the European Research Council under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Advanced Grant agreement No 694817) led by Christian Bonah (University of Strasbourg) and Anja Laukötter (Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin).

Annonce

Argument

The concept of excess is ambivalent: It can signify phenomena ranging from certain religious practices to drug abuse to aspects of consumer culture; it can be an empowering self-description or a stigmatizing judgment. This openness is also reflected in a variety of closely related terms that are sometimes shared by multiple languages, such as "ecstasy," "exstase," and "Ekstase" in English, French, and German, but which might also be associated with divergent concepts like "frenzy," "ivresse," or "Rausch." The workshop seeks to analyze these facets of excess and asks how excess has been perceived and constructed indifferent media. It aims to explore how images of the body, health, morality and emotions varied over history, across cultures, and how the media themselves have contributed to the ways in which the concept of excess has been shaped and used.

A defining feature of excess is its liminality: It generally denotes some kind of transgression and is in this sense a relational term, referring to a normative order that has been exceeded. Often excess evokes negative associations like abundance and waste. In terms of the body and health, exhaustion, burn-out, addiction and overconsumption are phenomena that usually come to mind. Nevertheless, the transgressive dimension of the excessive, like the related concept of ecstasy, has also been seen in a positive light, viewing overflow and boundlessness as productive, enabling forces that can release unexpected potentials and bodily resources.

Defining what constitutes excess is thus itself a matter of measurement, bound up with the negotiation of social limits and norms. As a cultural practice, excess and how it is defined are closely connected to changing ideas about the body, health, and emotions. Definitions of excess based on ancient affect theory differ from nineteenth-century conceptions based on thermodynamic models of bodily functions; mechanical views on the body and its "drives" took a different perspective on the risks of overflow and abundance than did models focused on energy and nerves. Nevertheless, moral panics about practices like new styles of dancing, forms of collective leisure or party cultures labeled excessive have often been based on similar discourses that can be traced back to pre-modern times. Finally, during the twentieth century, understandings of health underwent considerable changes, shifting from a focus on protection against disease to an understanding of actively preserving and securing health. This, too, had implications for conceptions of what constitutes excess.

How are different understandings and measurements of risk and security reflected in varying conceptions of excess? How can contemporary conceptions of the "preventive self", the "exhausted self", or the "stressed self" be confirmed, challenged, extended through historical perspectives on excess? What do diverse images and practices of excess tell us about the cultural formation of health norms and how these norms are intertwined with moral norms and emotional practices? In which historical and cultural contexts has excess been portrayed as a figure of growth, overgrowth, or regeneration? Which sciences and fields of knowledge have historically informed images of excess?

The two-day workshop seeks to explore these questions. It places a special focus on the media through which excessive practices are portrayed and how images of excess vary or circulate across different media, such as printed texts, photographs, different film genres and television. How have these mediums themselves shaped and (re)negotiated concepts of body, health and emotions? In what ways was the medium itself part of or seen as constituting an excessive practice? Considering visual media played an increasingly important role in the run of the twentieth century, analyses of visual material are particularly welcome.

Programme

Thursday, June 7th, 2018

  • 09.30 – 10.00 Registration
  • 10.00 – 10.30 Introduction

10.30-12.00 Panel 1: Religion, Cult and Experiment

Chair: Sandra Schnädelbach

  • Yitzchak Schwartz, New York University, Mystery and the Gift of Death: From the Binding of Isaac to the Crusade Chronicles
  • Daniel A. Joslyn, New York University “No Ordinary Fanatics:” Islam, Ecstasy, and Respectability in Turn-of-the-Century New York City 

12.00-13.00 Lunch

13.00-14.30

Chair: Tricia Close-Koenig

  • Florian Schleking, University of Cologne Ecstasy, Exercise, Excess? Ambiguous Bodies and Cult Controversies in West Germany
  • Christian Bonah & Joël Danet, University of Strasbourg Henri Michaux, Eric Duvivier and the Medical Film Gaze on Excess

14.30-15.00 Coffee Break

15.00-16.30 Panel 2: Shaping Bodies

Chair: Jessica Borge

  • Izzy Rhodes, Royal College of Art, London The Body Factory: Mechanical Dieting Technologies and the American Home, 1975 – 1995
  • Hanna Surma, Utrecht University Physical and Emotional Excess as Crisis: The Self and/on Video in Reality TV Weight-Loss Programs

16.30-17.00 Coffee Break

17.00-18.30 Keynote

Chair: Sandra Schnädelbach

  • Rhodri Hayward, Queen Mary, University of London Messy Feelings and the Magic of Tidying Up

18.30 Reception with Wine & Pretzels

20.00 Dinner (for Workshop Participants)

Friday, June 8th, 2018

9.00-10.15 Panel 3: Socialist Bodies

Chair: Anja Laukötter

  • Alexandre Sumpf, University of Strasbourg, How to Be a Socialist Bureaucrat: The Excess of Work, Enemy of the Soviet State
  • Sandra Schnädelbach, MPIB, Berlin Training Health by Training Trust: Excessive Emotions as Risks Factors in GDR Television

10.15-10.30 Coffee Break

10.30-12.00 Panel 4: Pleasure, Lifestyle and Disease

Chair: Christian Bonah

  • Alex Mold, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, How Much Is Too Much? Moderation and Excess in Alcohol Health Education Campaigns in Britain, 1970s-1990s
  • Kathryn Hughes, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, Lifestyles of Excess: The ‘Othering’ of Excess in Mass-Media Depictions of the AIDS Disease & Liminal Subversive Counter-Narratives in the Visual Arts

12.00-13.00Lunch

13.00-14.15 Panel 5: Medical Bodies

Chair: Jessica Borge

  • Hera Cook, University of Otago Wellington Medical School Excess and Female Genitals in Modern Medical Practice
  • Oliver Aas, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York Towards a Theory of Medical Imaging: Genealogies of Bodily Interiority in Arts and Literature

14.15-14.30 Coffee Break

14.45-15.30 Final Discussion

Commentary: Anja Laukötter

Lieux

  • Max-Planck-Institute für Human Development (Center for the History of Emotions) - Lentzeallee 94
    Berlin, Allemagne (14195)

Dates

  • jeudi 07 juin 2018
  • vendredi 08 juin 2018

Mots-clés

  • excess, history, audiovisual, film, health, image, emotion, twentieth century, europe

Contacts

  • Sandra Schnädelbach
    courriel : schnaedelbach [at] mpib-berlin [dot] mpg [dot] de

URLS de référence

Source de l'information

  • Tricia Close-Koenig
    courriel : tkoenig [at] unistra [dot] fr

Pour citer cette annonce

« Excess? Images of body, health, morality and emotions across the media », Journée d'étude, Calenda, Publié le lundi 04 juin 2018, https://calenda.org/444551

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