AccueilActors, practices and themes of resistance in the history and memory of contemporary Libya (1835-2011)

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Publié le lundi 22 octobre 2018 par Céline Guilleux

Résumé

The panel will examine the practices and themes of Libyan resistance, defined as the concrete expression of the dialectical tension between the political and institutional centers of power and the social movements, group actors, or individuals that opposed them, covering the chronological span from the Ottoman reconquest in 1835 to the Jamāhīriyya’s fall in 2011.

Annonce

XIV Conference of the Italian Society for Middle Eastern Studies - Turin 31 January 2019 - 2 February 2019.

Abstract

The panel will examine the practices and themes of Libyan resistance, defined as the concrete expression of the dialectical tension between the political and institutional centers of power and the social movements, group actors, or individuals that opposed them, covering the chronological span from the Ottoman reconquest in 1835 to the Jamāhīriyya’s fall in 2011. With the advent of the second Ottoman domination (1835-1911), the process of political centralization, which was pursued through promotion of the Tanzimāt, had to deal with the political, social, and cultural requests of a number of interlocutors, which were often in competition with one another: from the Tripolitania hinterland’s tribal confederations, led by chiefs like Ghūma al-Mahmūdī and ‘Abd al-Jalīl Sayf al-Nasr, to the conservative notables from urban areas, the Sufi brotherhoods, and the local representatives of Salafi reformism. International historiography has demonstrated how the resistance’s multiple articulations remained a constant of the Libyan political scene throughout the colonial period (1911-1943). Not much attention has been paid, however, to the plurality of resistance experiences that characterized the pre-colonial state, as well as the different forms they took not only during the decolonization process (1943-1951), but also in the history of independent Libya, both in the monarchical period (1951-1969), and during the Qadhdhāfi regime (1969-2011). Back then, resistance movements did not emerge just on the initiative of urban notables and traditional rural chiefs, nor were they merely due to the activism of intellectual and religious elites. They were also the result of student movements and the unionization of workers, as well as the activism of professional associations and nascent political formations. In the aftermath of anti-Qadhdhāfi revolution, the resistance front’s internal political heterogeneity has constituted one of the main challenges of the transition inaugurated since August 2011. Tracing the historical precedents of this heterogeneity is thus essential to understanding the political complexity of today’s Libya. The panel, therefore, encourages contributions that analyze the different articulations of Libyan resistance movements for the period under consideration, either using a historical approach or other disciplinary approaches.

Submission guidelines

The deadline for paper proposals' submission is October 31st 2018

Please find the paper submission form attached, and remember to send your proposal to the official email address of the conference only: torino2019@sesamoitalia.it

Convenors

  • Anna Baldinetti (University of Perugia)
  • Antonio M. Morone (University of Pavia)
  • Chiara Pagano (University of Pavia)

Lieux

  • Dipartimento di Culture, Politica e Società, Università di Torino, Campus Luigi Einaudi
    Turin, Italie

Dates

  • mercredi 31 octobre 2018

Fichiers attachés

Mots-clés

  • Libya, social movement, revolt, resistance

Contacts

  • Società per gli Studi sul Medio Oriente
    courriel : torino2019 [at] sesamoitalia [dot] it

Source de l'information

  • Chiara Pagano
    courriel : chiara [dot] pagano01 [at] gmail [dot] com

Pour citer cette annonce

« Actors, practices and themes of resistance in the history and memory of contemporary Libya (1835-2011) », Appel à contribution, Calenda, Publié le lundi 22 octobre 2018, https://calenda.org/502110

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