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Cultural transfers, spaces and influence in European capitals since 1945

Transferts, espaces et rayonnement culturels dans les capitales européennes depuis 1945

Berlin, Londres, Madrid, Paris

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Published on Tuesday, February 19, 2019 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

Territoires de flux, de réception et d'influence, les capitales européennes se caréctérisent par une ouverture culturelle de plus en plus large sur l'Europe et le monde depuis 1945. Ce colloque se propose à partir des cas de Berlin, Londres, Madrid et Berlin d'évaluer les dynamiques spatio-temporelles à l'oeuvre dans le secteur culturel autour de trois thématiques : les transferts, les espaces et le rayonnement culturels, dans une approche d'histoire culturelle urbaine comparée en associant d'autres disciplines scientifiques. Il s'agira de montrer comment les transferts se sont opérés, les facteurs qui les ont conditionnés, d'examiner les transformation de la géographie culturelle de ces villes-capitales, la relation entre restructuration urbaine et culture, enfin de s'arrêter sur la question du rayonnement culturel de ces villes.

Announcement

International and multidisciplinary conference, 6 and 7 June 2019, at Sciences Po Bordeaux.

Under the direction of Françoise Taliano-des Garets, Professor of Contemporary History, Sciences Po Bordeaux, CHS, Mondes contemporains, Paris 1, Panthéon Sorbonne Languages: English and French Partnership: Sciences Po Bordeaux, CHS Mondes contemporains Paris 1, ICEE Paris 3, Région Nouvelle Aquitaine, Comité d'Histoire du Ministère de la Culture, city of Bordeaux, FRAC Nouvelle Aquitaine, Office artistique de la région Nouvelle Aquitaine

Argument

This conference of cultural history aims to bring out the main results of a collective research that took place as part of a three-year research program centred on the cities of Berlin, London, Madrid and Paris since 1945. Territories of cultural flow, reception and influence, the European capitals have been characterized since 1945 by an increasingly wider cultural opening to Europe and globalisation, a common feature that transgresses their political and administrative differences. We have thus chosen to organize these two days of urban cultural history around the spatiotemporal dynamics. This approach aims to be multidisciplinary and we would like to gather historians of diverse specialities - art historians, anthropologists, geographers, sociologists, political analysts... The spatiotemporal dynamics of these four cities will be studied in a comparative way from three main themes: transfers, spaces and influence.

1-Capitals and cultural transfers

First of all, we will examine how the transfers have been carried out, at what pace, by what vectors and with what intensity. Communicators will be able - preferably through city comparisons - to study the cultural sectors of their choice. It will show how external influences have invested the four cities and how the graft has taken place. This analysis, from the point of view of the reception of influences, will allow us to measure the degree of permeability of each capital and what conditions it. The reception of mass culture - circulation being more or less easy according to the types of political regimes (Madrid under Franco, Berlin of the Cold War) - can be addressed as much as minority cultures and counter-cultures. Diversity of cultures and genders will be an essential field of exploration from the point of view of protest/institutionalization processes. The reflection will be able to focus on women and men, generations and social groups that have brought about change, while focusing on circulations and networks.

2-Capitals and cultural spaces

The capitals present spaces dedicated to culture whose localizations may have evolved according to political upheavals, cultural and urban policies, or migration flows. The identification of sustainable or ephemeral places, official or underground (artistic wastelands), as well as the most representative neighborhoods will give the material for the elaboration of a cartography. The identification of the rhythms and factors of the evolution of cultural geography seems, first of all, essential to us. The notion of territoriality - the relationship between the territory and the inhabitants in the cultural field - can be studied. Secondly, we want to deepen the specific relationship between urban restructuring policies and culture from the angle of concordances and/or discordances in temporalities, architectural and urban choices, revitalisation processes and their social effects (gentrification). District case studies are welcome.

3-The cultural influence of capitals

The notion of ‘cultural influence’, namely the influence exercised by these cities on their close and distant environment, corresponds to a third dynamic which determines the existence or not of a global city as it is theorized by the economist Saskia Sassen. The brilliance is both material and symbolic, which will lead us to the ground of the representations. These cities at the top of the urban hierarchy concentrate big national cultural institutions, patrimonial wealth, state financing, training centers, head offices of the cultural industries etc. All this feeds their cultural influence which can be analyzed in a diachronic way at a local, national and international scale, from sectors which will be chosen by the communicators: live entertainment, visual and applied arts, cultural industries… Symbolically, the capitals' influence is based on inherited but also renewed representations that will be examined through a preferably varied choice of artistic and literary productions. Finally, in the context of urban competition that characterizes the Cold War and, above all, European and world openness, these representations seem to arouse an obvious political voluntarism. Thus a history of cultural events (festivals, exhibitions, contemporary art fairs, fashion weeks, marathons, Olympic games, etc.) should reveal how the interest of the politician has focused on optimizing cultural influence through a game of mimicry and/or differentiation leading to urban marketing strategies.

Submission guidelines

Proposals of no more than one page accompanied by a short resume and a list of publications, should be sent to f.taliano@sciencespobordeaux.fr; s.machado@sciencespobordeaux.fr,

before 30 March 2019

Scientific committee

  • Jeremy Ahearne
  • Olivier Bessy
  • Hubert Bonin
  • Agnès Callu
  • Valeria Camporesi
  • Philippe Chassaigne
  • Tristan Coignard
  • Pascale Goetschel
  • Laurent Martin
  • Carmen Navarro
  • Pascal Ory
  • Juan Arturo Rubio Arostegui
  • Françoise Taliano-des Garets
  • Matthieu Trouvé
  • Julie Verlaine
  • Jonathan Vickery

Places

  • Amphithéâtre Simone Veil - 11, Allée Ausone, Domaine universitaire
    Pessac, France (33)

Date(s)

  • Saturday, March 30, 2019

Keywords

  • capitale, transfert culturel, politique culturelle

Contact(s)

  • Françoise Taliano-des Garets
    courriel : f [dot] taliano [at] sciencespobordeaux [dot] fr

Information source

  • Françoise Taliano-des Garets
    courriel : f [dot] taliano [at] sciencespobordeaux [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Cultural transfers, spaces and influence in European capitals since 1945 », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Tuesday, February 19, 2019, https://calenda.org/563445

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