HomeThe Portuguese Republic after World war I: the Azores, centrality and communications in the North Atlantic

The Portuguese Republic after World war I: the Azores, centrality and communications in the North Atlantic

A República no Pós-Guerra: os Açores, centralidade e comunicações no Atlântico Norte

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Published on Tuesday, July 16, 2019 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

Initially supported by the popular masses, the Portuguese First Republic was marked by social, political and economic instability, and a weak participation in World War I. The period from 1910 to 1926 was characterized by a partisan struggle for power, political and social agitation. Improvements since 1923 were not enough to counteract the growing discontent stimulated by intellectuals; a persecuted Church; an army and civil service without resources and an economically oppressed industry. The coup of May 28, 1926, put an end to this democratic regime starting a new cycle that, despite maintaining the previous political instability, prepared the Estado Novo, under the control of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, interrupted in April 25, 1974.

Announcement

Argument

Initially supported by the popular masses, the Portuguese First Republic was marked by social, political and economic instability, and a weak participation in World War I. The period from 1910 to 1926 was characterized by a partisan struggle for power, political and social agitation. Improvements since 1923 were not enough to counteract the growing discontent stimulated by intellectuals; a persecuted Church; an army and civil service without resources and an economically oppressed industry. The coup of May 28, 1926, put an end to this democratic regime starting a new cycle that, despite maintaining the previous political instability, prepared the Estado Novo, under the control of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, interrupted in April 25, 1974. Between 1910 and 1974, the Azores were deeply marked by the Autonomy but mostly by Salazar’s Republic, and by the technological communications or sea/air connections across the Atlantic. The archipelago became a common element in the centre of the Western Civilization, in the heart of the League of Nations. Between World Wars, the Azores saw a technological race, receiving American, German, English, French, Italian and Polish, as well as Portuguese, air and sea experiences. The establishment of airmail and passenger services by Zeppelins or Airlines such as Lufthansa or PAN-AM complemented the geostrategic importance of the Azores during the first half of the twentieth century, with repercussions in the second half, with two international airports and harbours, or radio stations (among others). Trade and immigration marked this century in a process that, after World War I, continued during World War II and Cold War. .

Call for papers (download PDF)

The organising committee calls for proposals that address, but are not limited to, the following topics:

  • The maritime and terrestrial dimension, in the World Wars and Cold War;
  • Portugal and the Azores in international politics (1910 – 1974); 
  • Political-ideological metamorphoses of the Autonomy and the Republic between 1910 and 1974. 
  • The Atlantic and communications; 
  • Air, naval and submarine warfare;
  • The pioneers of Aeronautics in the Atlantic; 
  • Infrastructures: ports, airfields, sea plane bases and airports; 
  • Naval, military, civil aeronautics and Air Forces (1952);

Submission guidelines

Submission of proposals: 05 June 2019 to 31 August 2019.

Please send your identification (name, institutional affiliation and email address), the title of the communication, abstract (maximum 700 words) and cv (1 page) to the following e-mail:  azoreswar@gmail.com

Working languages: Portuguese and English (there will be no simultaneous interpretation).

For facilities on air transport, see https://azoresgetaways.com/uk

Organising Committee

  • Ana Paula Pires, IHC — NOVA FCSH;
  • Rita Nunes, Comité Olímpico de Portugal / IHC — NOVA FCSH;
  • Manuel Marchã, Museu Militar dos Açores

Scientific Committee

  • Carolina García Sanz, Universidade de Sevilha;
  • Inês Queiroz, IHC — NOVA FCSH;
  • Maria Inês Tato, Universidade de Buenos Aires;
  • Teresa Nunes, IHC — NOVA FCSH / Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa;
  • António Paulo Duarte, IHC — NOVA FCSH / Instituto da Defesa Nacional;
  • Sérgio Rezendes, IHC — NOVA FCSH

Honour Committee

  • Susana Goulart Costa, ex.ª Diretora Regional da Cultura
  • Carlos Henrique Lopes Rodrigues, ex.º Presidente da Câmara Municipal de Vila do Porto
  • José António Croca Favinha, ex.º Comandante da Zona Marítima dos Açores
  • Vítor Manuel Meireles dos Santos, ex.º Comandante da Zona Militar dos Açores

Subjects

Places

  • Rua do Museu — 9580-238
    Vila do Porto, Portugal

Date(s)

  • Saturday, August 31, 2019

Keywords

  • história militar, aeronáutica

Contact(s)

  • Ana Pires
    courriel : azoreswar [at] gmail [dot] com

Information source

  • Diana Barbosa
    courriel : comunicacao [dot] ihc [at] fcsh [dot] unl [dot] pt

To cite this announcement

« The Portuguese Republic after World war I: the Azores, centrality and communications in the North Atlantic », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Tuesday, July 16, 2019, https://calenda.org/651869

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