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HomeMasse et individu dans la modernité capitaliste

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Published on Monday, June 07, 2021 by João Fernandes

Summary

The notion of the “mass” is back on the agenda. Recent large-scale popular protests, the extraordinary importance acquired by social networks, the current appeal of conspiracy theories, as well as so-called “populist” phenomena, have triggered a renewed discussion around this concept. Since its emergence at the beginning of capitalist modernity, the idea of the 'mass' has implied a certain reactionary conception of collective action, according to which the individual's judgment capacity is eclipsed by irrational behavior. The First World War and the rise of fascism apparently brought to reality this representation: the individual, weakened by social atomization, succumbed to a tyrannized mass.

Announcement

Argument

The notion of the “mass” is back on the agenda. Recent large-scale popular protests, the extraordinary importance acquired by social networks, the current appeal of conspiracy theories, as well as so-called “populist” phenomena, have triggered a renewed discussion around this concept. Since its emergence at the beginning of capitalist modernity, the idea of the 'mass' has implied a certain reactionary conception of collective action, according to which the individual's judgment capacity is eclipsed by irrational behavior. The First World War and the rise of fascism apparently brought to reality this representation: the individual, weakened by social atomization, succumbed to a tyrannized mass. In contrast, during the last two hundred years, the participation of the individual in collective bodies—be it the “mass,” “multitude” or “people”—has inspired revolutionary hopes for emancipation. It is therefore relevant to ask: is it possible to speak of the "mass" without falling into either an unqualified condemnation of collective action or a pure exaltation of the multitude? From factory workers to "petty bourgeois” masses, do we find specific organizational regimes in the constitution of their political subjectivity? What are the material and intellectual means whereby artworks represent and transform the links between the mass and the individual? Have the social sciences successfully theorized the mass? Is the moral and psychic autonomy of individuals affected by the capitalist organization of society? What can be said about the recurrent phenomenon of the mass adhering to conspiracy theories? In this sense, are the masses simply prey of ideological domination? Or, on the contrary, do they exhibit a will-to-know, unnoticed by the “elites”?

This Junges Forum will bring together young researchers from the humanities and social sciences. The aim is to discuss the sociological, literary, philosophical, and psychoanalytical dimensions of the relationship between mass and individual, based on proposals made by authors from the dialectical tradition, particularly critical theory.

Event format and registration

The conference will be held online. To register, please fill in this form.

Programme

9 JUIN/09. JUNI

14:00-14:15 Accueil/ Begrüßung

1. Künstlerischer Ausdruck der Masse

  • 14:15-14:40 Lia Imenes Ishida: « Georg Heym: Die Geschichte als Massenartikel »
  • 14:40-15:05 Sebastian Staab: « Zur komischen Anmut der Großstadtmasse. Tatis Spätwerk und Kracauers Ornament der Masse »

15:05-15:35 Discussion

15:35-15:50 Pause

2. Autoritäre Tendenzen in der Massengesellschaft ?

  • 15:50-16:15 Lea Gekle: « Adorno und der Aufstieg autoritärer Tendenzen heute – Zwischen Kritik des Begriffs der Kulturindustrie und der Möglichkeit kritischer Subjektivität »
  • 16:15-16:40 Felipe Catalani: « Klasse und „Volk“ in der Krise der Arbeitsgesellschaft: Faschistische Entwicklungen in Brasilien »

16:40-17:10  Discussion

17:10-17:20 Pause

3. L’individu et la machinerie sociale /Individual and social machinery

  • 17:20-17:45 Aurélia Peyrical: « Individu, masse et société dans la pensée d’Adorno : des dialectiques négatives »
  • 17:45-18:10 Margherita Pugnaletto: « The productive meritocratic society and the role of social utility in Saint-Simon’s thinking »

18:10-18:40 Discussion

10 JUIN/10. JUNI

4. Culture de masse en débat

  • 11:30 - 11:55 Anna Battiston: « Quid de: L’impasse du parti communiste italien face à la culture de masse : débats internes et réponses esthétiques »
  • 11:55-12:20 Garance Bressaud: « Individualiser, donner des noms au peuple: singularisation et représentation dans le rap français »

12:20-12:50 Discussion

12:50-14:00 Pause

5. Subjects in pieces

  • 14:00-14:25 Maciej Grzenkowicz: « Online Presence and Personhood in the Quarantine ».
  • 14:25-14:50 Gal Katz: « Self and Self-Negation: Hegel and Freud on selfhood and mass experience »
  • 14:50 - 15:15 Jessica Feely: « Autonomous Individuals or The Global Subject ? The Problem of the Individual in the Philosophy of Theodor W. Adorno »

14:50-15:35 Discussion

15:35-17:00 Pause

17:00-18:45 Conférence/Vortrag: Patrick Eiden-Offe: Massenbewegung und Klassenaktion: Differenzierungsversuche.

Kommentar: Mahaut Ritz

(German-English simultaneous interpretation available)

11 JUIN/11. JUNI

6.Masse organisée, masse révoltée

  • 11:30-11:55 Jérémy Ollivier : « Se rassembler à l'usine : la créativité des masses face à la ruine »
  • 11:55-12:20 Frederico Lyra : « Temps d’urgence : entre l’émeute et l’improvisation »

12:20-12:50 Discussion

12:50-14:00 Pause

7. Revolutionäre Massen, reaktionäre Massen

  • 14:00-14:25 Michael Rahlwes: « Elemente einer Theorie der Masse bei Marx ».
  • 14:25-14:50 Marcus Döller: « Faschistische Masse und proletarische Masse – Eine Lektüre von Walter Benjamins Weise, die Differenz zwischen faschistischer und proletarischer Masse zu vollziehen »

14:50-15:20 Discussion

15:20-15:40 Pause

8. Artistic experience and social emancipation

  • 15:40-16:05 Louis Hartnoll: « Reconstructing Theodor W. Adorno’s Theory of the Artist Subject »
  • 16:05-16:30 Buğra Yasin: « Images of Prehistory: Hikmet and the Collective Subject of Revolution »

16:30-17:00 Discussion

17:00-18:00 Pause

18:00-19:45 Conférence/Vortrag: Alenka Zupančič: Conspiracy theories as Figure of the Mass

Kommentar: Agnès Grivaux 

Places

  • Friedrichstraße 191
    Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany (10117)

Date(s)

  • Wednesday, June 09, 2021
  • Thursday, June 10, 2021
  • Friday, June 11, 2021

Keywords

  • masse, individu, société

Contact(s)

  • Sara Minelli
    courriel : jfmasseindividu [at] gmail [dot] com

Reference Urls

Information source

  • Sara Minelli
    courriel : jfmasseindividu [at] gmail [dot] com

To cite this announcement

« Masse et individu dans la modernité capitaliste », Conference, symposium, Calenda, Published on Monday, June 07, 2021, https://calenda.org/884194

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