HomePrédation, captation et profit dans le capitalisme contemporain

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Published on Friday, July 09, 2021 by Céline Guilleux

Summary

This Conference focuses on predatory logics in marginalized and impoverished urban areas and on the life experience of their inhabitants, characterized by a combination of segregation, violence, and profit-seeking.

Announcement

Argument

This Conference focuses on predatory logics in marginalized and impoverished urban areas and on the life experience of their inhabitants, characterized by a combination of segregation, violence, and profit-seeking.

Two thematical axis will be developed

Mechanisms of capital accumulation

The notion of predation is already used in work on capitalism or on neoliberalism in urban studies. Since the 1990s, a corpus of critical literature has focused on describing new mechanisms of accumulation in cities (Peck 2010, Pinson 2020). Whether they use the concept of 'accumulation by dispossession' (Harvey 2003), 'predatory formations' (Sassen 2014) or 'predatory accumulation' (Bourgois 2018), these works broaden the definition of accumulation proposed by Marx (1867) – based on the accumulation of surplus value produced by the exploitation of wage labor – by including the expropriation (or dispossession) of existing resource holders in favor of capital. These researchers have contributed  to urbanizing the theory of capitalism (Harvey 2001), to having predation seen as an underground tendency and an outcome of contemporary capitalism (Sassen 2014) and, finally, to highlighting the effects of a capitalization rationale on the increasingly lumpenized non-working populations, excluded from the legal economy (Bourgeois 2019). While these are stimulating theses, predation is presented as too monolithic and the type of social relationship thus induced remains to be specified (Adnan 2013). Thus, what the notion of predation actually covers remains unclear. To take the analysis further, it is necessary to identify the effects of predation on the populations concerned and the way in which it structures social relations. This will afford an understanding of the impact of predation on the city, on individuals or their collectives, and on the way in which they deal with it.

Rethinking poor neighborhoods from the perspective of predation

The urban literature has recently focused on describing situations of accentuated segregation and violence. Particular social relationships are highlighted, whether they are linked to control (Goffman 2014, Mendoza 2017), eviction (Deboulet & Lafaye 2018, Desmond 2012), exploitation (Duneier 2016, Wacquant 2006), extraction (Bourgois 2016, Contreras 2012), extortion (Horning 2018, Venkatesh 2013), financialization (Palomera 2013) or the merchandizing of poverty (Duvoux 2015). However, these analyses remain fragmented and focus only on one particular subject (e.g. housing, police control, or drugs). This makes them difficult to compare and affords little insight into the extent to which, and the ways in which, these logics are intertwined and transform the lives of the populations of those areas.

The aim of this conference is to analyze poor neighborhoods to reconsider the articulation between violence, profit, and the reproduction of poverty. Participants are invited to rethink their own research through the notion of predation to account for the experience of the inhabitants of these neighborhoods. Is it possible to rethink poor neighborhoods on the basis of the logic of predation that is at work there ? This question underpins the main thrust of this research project.

Places

  • Tours, France (37)

Date(s)

  • Wednesday, September 15, 2021

Keywords

  • prédation, ville, quartiers populaire, capitalisme

Contact(s)

  • Martin Lamotte
    courriel : matinlamotte [at] gmail [dot] com
  • Anna Perraudin
    courriel : anna [dot] perraudin [at] univ-tours [dot] fr

Information source

  • Anna Perraudin
    courriel : anna [dot] perraudin [at] univ-tours [dot] fr

To cite this announcement

« Prédation, captation et profit dans le capitalisme contemporain », Call for papers, Calenda, Published on Friday, July 09, 2021, https://calenda.org/896313

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